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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. Search the whole document.

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(templum, i(epo/v): a temple vowed, according to tradition (BC 1917, 79-84), by Romulus at the critical moment in the battle between the Romans and the Sabines when the former had been driven across the forum valley to the porta Mugonia (Liv. i. 12. 3-6; ps. Cic. orat. pr. quam in exilium iret 24; Ov. Fast. vi. 794; Dionys. ii. 50; Flor. i. I. 13; de vir. ill. 2. 8). The epithet stator appears in Greek as o)pqw/sios (Dionys.) and sth/sios (App. Plut.). This temple was never built, but in 294 B.C. the consul, M. Atilius Regulus, made a similar vow under similar circumstances in a battle with the Samnites, and erected the temple immediately afterwards (Liv. x. 36. II, 37. 15). Livy explains that no actual building had been put up by Romulus, but fanum tantum, id est locus templo effatus-an attempt to reconcile fact with what had evidently become the popular tradition (Cic. Cat. i. 33 ; ps. Cic. loc. cit.). Its site is variously indicated-in Palatii radice, ps. Cic.; ante Palatini ora
e that of a later restoration, and not of Regulus' temple (WR 122-123). In fact, we learn from Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, I I, that either this temple or that in the porticus Metelli was dedicated on 5th September; and, as Hemer. Urb. (cited below) associates that temple with that of luno Regina, the reference in Fast. Ant. may be taken to be to the temple now under discussion. Two inscriptions of the later empire (CL vi. 434, 435) probably belong to this temple, and it is mentioned in the fourth century (Not.). Just east of the arch of Titus, a site corresponding with the literary references, are ruins consisting of a large rectangular platform of concrete, on which are some enormous blocks of peperino and travertine (Hermes, 1885, 412). On this foundation the mediaeval turris Cartularia was built (for the explanation of this name, see Rend. dei Lincei 1912, 767-772; AJA 1913, 569), In brief, it derived its name not from the fact that it ever contained the papal archives, but from its p