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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. Search the whole document.

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ROSTRA the original platform from which the orators addressed the people. It took its name from the beaks of the ships captured from the people of Antium in 338 B.C. with which it was decorated (Plin. NH xxxiv. 20; Liv. viii. 14. 12). It was situated on the south side of the Comitium in front of the Curia Hostilia (Varro, LL v. 155; Diodor. xii. 26; Ascon. in Milon. 12: ad comitium prope iuncta Curiae; cf. Plin. NH vii. 212) in close connection with the SEPULCRUM ROMULI (q.v.), i.e. between the Comitium and forum, so that the speaker could address the people assembled in either. It is spoken of as the most prominent place in the forum (Plin. NH xxxiv. 24: senatus statuam poni iussit quam oculatissimo loco, eaque est in rostris; cf. Dionys. Hal. i. 87:e)n tw=| krati/stw| xwri/w| para\ toi=s e)mbo/lois). It was consecrated as a templum (Liv. ii. 56; Cic. in Vatin. 24), and on it were placed statues of famous men (Cic. Phil. ix. 16) in such numbers that at times they had to be remo
re above the floor of the Comitium.' It has a fine pavement of Monte Verde tufa, along the front of which runs a raised kerb. According to one view these monuments are attributable to the period of Sulla (JRS 1922, 21-25 ; Mitt. 1905, 32-39; TF 61-66). Whether the 'Tomb of Romulus ' was hidden from view at this period or later, is uncertain. The curved front of the rostra, as represented by the canalis with the beaks of ships with which it was adorned, is held to be represented in a coin of 45 B.C. of Lollius Palikanus (HC p. 69, fig. 26; BM. Rep. i. 517, 4011-3). The arcade at the back of the rostra Augusti, which Boni (NS 1900, 627-634) has called the rostra Caesaris, belongs to the time of Sulla, and is simply a low viaduct to support the CLIVUS CAPITOLINUS (q.v.) and a street branching off from it (P1. 227-228; CR 1901, 87-89; HC cit., Mitt. 1902, 13-16; 1905, 14-15, 25; JRS 1922, 15-16). On the rostra, see Jord. i. 2. 353-355; Petersen, Comitium, Rostra, Grab des Romulus (Rome 19
499 BC - 400 BC (search for this): entry rostra
; where it refers to the rostra transferred by Caesar to the north-west end of the forum in contradistinction to the rostra at the temple of Divus Iulius; though it is commonly and conveniently used to signify the republican rostra in contradistinction to the rostra of Caesar. Excavations in the Comitium have brought to light remains which must be attributed to the republican rostra, though much doubt attaches to their exact interpretation. 'It would appear that about the middle of the fifth century B.C. the Comitium was separated from the forum by a low platform, upon which stood the archaic cippus, the cone, and probably an earlier monument, represented by the existing sacellum. After the fire that followed the Gallic invasion, the first platform was replaced by a higher, to which a straight flight of steps led up from the second level of the COMITIUM (q.v.). A wall, 3 metres in front of these steps, perhaps formed part of the rostra (Hulsen in Mitt. 1905, 29-32 and pl. ii.-the best