on which the present tragedy was intended as an improvement, and in which the criminal love of Phaedra appears to have been represented in a more offensive manner, and as avowed by herself boldly and without restraint. For the conjectuad reasons of the title *Kalupto/menos, applied to this former drama, see Wagner, Fragm. Eurip. p. 220, &c.; Valcken. Praef. in Hippol. pp. 19, 20; comp. Hartung. Eurip. Rest. pp. 41, &c., 401, &c.
Hecuba. This play must have been exhibited before B. C. 423, as Aristophanes parodies a passage of it in the Clouds (1148), which he brought out in that year. Müller says that the passage in the Hecuba (645, ed. Pors.), ste/nei de\ kai/ tis k. t. l., " seems to refer to the misfortunes of the Spartans at Pylos in B. C. 425."
This is certainly possible ; and, if it is the case, we may fix the refresentation the play in B. C. 424.
Heracleidae. Müller refers it, by conjecture, to, B. C. 421.
Supplices. This also he refe
es, of course, the objection against the scene alluded to, as a " lamentable interruption to our feelings of commiseration for the calamities of Admetus,"--an objection which, as it seems to us, would even on other grounds be unenable. (See Herm. Dissert. de Eurip. Alceest., prefixed to Monk's edition of 1837.) While, however, we recognize this satyric character in the Alcestis, we must confess that we cannot, as Müller does, see anything farcical in the concluding scene.
Medea. B. C. 431.
The four plays represented in this year by Euripides, who gained the third prize, were Medea, Philoctetis, Dictys, and Messores or *Qeristai/, a satyric drama. (See Hartung, Eur. Rest. pp. 332-374.)
Hippolytus Coronifer. B. C. 428.
In this year Euripides gained the first prize. For the reason of the title Coronifer (stefanhfo/ros), see vv. 72, &c.
There was an older play, called the Veiled Hippolytus, no longer extant, on which the present tragedy was intended as