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Browsing named entities in Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones).

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cry of traitor. Testimony of a Federal soldier. Pioche, February 19, 1876. During a period of ten months I was a member of the garrison of the Rock Island Military Prison. There were confined there about ten thousand men. Those men were retained in a famishing condition by order of Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War. That order was approved by Abraham Lincoln. It was read before the inside garrison of the prison sometime in January, 1864. It was read at assembly for duty on the 2d, in front of the prison. It went into effect on the following day. It continued in force until the expiration of my term of service, and, I have understood, until the close of the war. When it was read, Colonel Shaffner, of the Eighth Veteran Reserves, was acting Provost Marshal of Prisoners. I think that it was Captain Robinson who read the order. It reduced the daily allowance of the captives to about ten ounces of bread and four ounces of meat per man. Some time in January a batch
o rise very high. Hope springs, etc., received no denial in our case. Each man was more or less excited. Strong protestations of belief that nothing would come of it were heard on all sides. But the anxiety manifested in turning the rumor over and over, the criticisms upon the source from which it came, and especially the tenacity with which they clung to it in spite of professed disbelief, showed that in the hearts of all the hope that deliverance was at hand had taken deep root. On the 4th the order came to be ready to start in two hours. Soon after one of our ranking officers was told by one of the officials that an order was just received from Grant to exchange us immediately. We were wild with hope. The chilling despair which had settled upon us for months seemed to rise at once. All were busy packing their few articles. Cheerful talk and hearty laughter was heard all through the prison. Well old fellow, off for Dixie at last, was said as often as one friend met another
sent down the river in charge of Sergeant Langley, there was but one commissioned officer with the battery in Vicksburg, the others having not yet arrived from Tennessee. On the 26th the steamer De Soto, a ferry-boat, was captured by the enemy at Johnson's Landing, a few miles below Vicksburg, on the west side of the river, where the Captain had stopped the boat to take on some wood. February 2d the Queen of the West passed by the batteries at Vicksburg and steamed down the river. On the 4th she returned to Johnson's Landing, where she remained a few days; and then, in company with the De Soto, proceeded down the Mississippi and up Red river to Fort De Russey, where she was captured by our forces. As soon as the Queen was repaired, Sergeant Langley's two gun detachments were transferred from the Archer to the Queen. A correspondent, in speaking of the fight with the Indianola, says: In closing this article, we cannot refrain mentioning specially the conduct of Sergeant E. H.
ies in question should be left in that region until General Floyd can complete the organization of his brigade, and, if you please, that these companies should form a part of it. Enclosed please find a copy of the letter this day addressed to General Floyd, and believe me to be, Very respectfully, yours, &c., Jefferson Davis. To His Excellency John Letcher, Governor of Virginia. Richmond, June 7th, 1861. General John B. Floyd: Dear Sir--Governor Letcher has sent me yours of the 4th instant, covering the commissions of four captains, and a statement to the effect that those officers were duly commissioned and regularly in the service of the State of Virginia, and could not therefore right-fully transfer their companies to another service. Please find enclosed a copy of my reply to him. Should he be pleased to transfer the companies to your brigade, the difficulty will thereby be removed, otherwise you will not fail to perceive they cannot be incorporated into the command
and well merited by the illustrious soldier, who was so much undervalued by the politicians of his country. The fairness of the author's discussion of the capture of Fort Donelson and his vindication of General Albert Sidney Johnston, show a purpose so far as in him lay to write nothing but the truth. He discusses the Battle of Shiloh in a frankness conformable with the general spirit of his book. But he is mistaken in thinking General Bragg's lines were repulsed late in the day of the 6th, when it was only necessary to press back Grant's left flank one-eighth of a mile. His own record shows that after a day of unchecked success the Confederate army, having surprised and routed Sherman at 7 o'clock in the morning, had constantly pressed on towards Pittsburg landing until three P. M., when the masses of fugitives huddled in terror under the river's bank, spoke plainly of broken lines and general demoralization. Then Sidney Johnston fell, in the very crisis of the great victo
Commissary of Prisoners of War, General Winder, for a detachment of Federal prisoners, to be employed in retaliation, should the occasion occur. I further recollect that your brother answered that, under his instructions from the Confederate War Department, he could not comply; also that, in his belief, prisoners could not right-fully be so employed. That General Sherman, as I had heard at the time, did so employ his prisoners, stands of record at page 194, vol. 2, of his Memoirs: On the 8th (December, 1864), as I rode along, I found the column turned out of the main road, marching through the fields. Close by, on the corner of a fence, was a group of men standing around a handsome young officer, whose foot had been blown to pieces by a torpedo planted in the road. * * * * He told me that he was riding along with the rest of his brigade staff of the Seventeenth Corps, when a torpedo, trodden on by his horse, had exploded, killing the horse and literally blowing off all the flesh
d for convenience for exchange. If any mistake be found in the account of men paroled by Lieutenant-Colonel Richards, at Oxford, Mississippi, on the 22d of December, 1862, it can be rectified when we meet. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Wm. H. Ludlow, Lieutenant-Colonel and Agent for Exchange of Prisoners. Mr. Ould to Lieutenant-Colonel Ludlow. Richmond, April 11th, 1863. Lieutenant-Colonel William H. Ludlow, Agent of Exchange: Sir — Your letters of the 8th instant have been received. I am very much surprised at your refusal to deliver officers for those of your own who have been captured, paroled, and released by us since the date of the proclamation and message of President Davis. That refusal is not only a flagrant breach of the cartel, but can be supported by no rule of reciprocity or equity. It is utterly useless to argue any such matter. I assure you that not one officer of any grade will be delivered to you until you change your purpose
War Department, and received for answer that they would place at my command all the prisoners at the South if the proposition was accepted. I heard nothing more on the subject. The following private letter to a friend and relative was never intended for the public eye, but may be accepted as his full conviction on this subject: Lexington, Va., April 17, 1867. Dr. Charles Carter, No. 1632 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa.: My Dear Dr. Carter--I have received your letter of the 9th inst., inclosing one to you from Mr. J. Francis Fisher, in relation to certain information which he had received from Bishop Wilmer. My respect for Mr. Fisher's wishes would induce me to reply fully to all his questions, but I have not time to do so satisfactorily; and, for reasons which I am sure you both will appreciate, I have a great repugnance to being brought before the public in any manner. Sufficient information has been officially published, I think, to show that whatever sufferings t
e not able to secure testimony upon which even Holt and his military court dared to go into the trial. It may be well, before discussing the question in its full details, to introduce the Testimony of leading Confederates who are implicated in this charge of cruel treatment to prisoners And first we give a recent letter of ex-President Davis in reply to Mr. Blaine's charges: New Orleans, January 27, 1876. Hon. James Lyons: My Dear Friend — Your very kind letter of the 14th instant was forwarded from Memphis, and has been received at this place. I have been so long the object of malignant slander and the subject of unscrupulous falsehood by partisans of the class of Mr. Blaine, that, though I cannot say it has become to me matter of indifference; it has ceased to excite my surprise even in this instance, when it reaches the extremity of accusing me of cruelty to prisoners. What matters it to one whose object is personal and party advantage that the records, both
el Ludlow. Confederate States of America, war Department, Richmond, Virginia, July 26, 1863. Colonel William H. Ludlow, Agent of Exchange: Sir — Your communication of the 22d contests my declaration of exchanges of officers made on the 17th instant. You say the cartel provides for the exchange of equal ranks, until such are exhausted, and then for equivalents. If you had been at Fortress Monroe, where you could have seen the cartel, instead of New York, from which your letter is dated,ph. There is nothing in the cartel which contains any such doctrine, or which favors it. Every provision is against it. Your own and my practice have been opposed to it. I again say to you what I have already stated in my communication of the 17th instant, that your assent is not needed to the declared exchange, and I shall not notify the officers, whom I have declared exchanged, as you request. I have allowed you to declare exchanges when the number of prisoners in our hands has been the grea
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