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Jacob J. Wolff (search for this): chapter 50
ctfully and earnestly suggested that Congress adopt some measure for the preservation of the remains at Shiloh — that a cemetery be established, and graves properly marked; also, that the church at Shiloh be rebuilt as a national memorial! As the church that was at Shiloh has passed into history, a brief description may not be uninteresting. It was a small, unpretending edifice, of hewn logs, and occupied the brow of a hill, with a commanding prospect. It was built in 1849-50 by Rev. Jacob J. Wolff, a local minister of the Methodist Church. It was not a costly edifice; no massive architrave was there; no stained windows or carved lintels; but these were not essential to the simple-minded people who worshiped in it, and who worshiped before they had a church in the grand old woods, which we know were God's first temples. The church at Shiloh had two doors and one window, which was without glass. Of pulpit and seats none were visible, as the Confederate General Cheatham had re
rike Grant or the Army of the Tennessee before Buell could unite the Army of the Ohio. We found thefore he was reinforced by the enemy under General Buell, then known to be advancing via Columbia. herman says was left to be occupied by part of Buell's troops. It almost proved to be an open highy. It was known through all of Sunday that General Buell was hurrying on with all possible dispatchsperate struggle of Sunday. The appearance of Buell's advance, in the dark hours of that terrible six o'clock, the combined forces of Grant and Buell moved against the enemy. General Buell's fresGeneral Buell's fresh troops, with the division of Lew Wallace, not engaged on Sunday (why, may, perhaps, never be knowh two brigades from his own division, two from Buell's army (Generals Garfield and Wood), and two rve asserted that Providence, the gunboats, and Buell saved the day. In reply, we have to say that it is alike to be condemned to deny credit to Buell's army for the gallant and timely aid afforded[8 more...]
e other five divisions of McClernand, Smith, Hurlbut, Sherman, and Prentiss, disembarked at Pittsburg Landing, which consisted of a warehouse, General Sherman occupied the extreme front at Shiloh church; Generals Prentiss and Hurlbut lay on the left-; Generals McClernand and W. H. Lty miles--one by the way of the church, and the other through General Prentiss' camp, intersecting the road from Hamburg, seven miles furthernt and tolerably brisk firing on the left, in the direction of General Prentiss. As Colonel Hildebrand was not well; he was advised to remainnced firing on our pickets, and believed, from the rapid firing on Prentiss' line, that he had been attacked in force. Captain Sisson returne keen eye of Hardee soon detected the wide gap between Sherman and Prentiss. This gap — more than a mile in width-General Sherman says was lee men. McClernand, Hurlbut, and others did effective service. General Prentiss, who was captured with part of his division, contended bravely
amp, intersecting the road from Hamburg, seven miles further up the river. These troops, particularly the advance division under Sherman, were mostly fresh from the recruiting camps, and wholly unpracticed, even in the simplest company maneuvres. Many of the regiments were not supplied with arms until their departure up the Tennessee. This was the case with my own regiment. With such disadvantages we went into the great battle of Sunday. At gray dawn, on the morning of the 6th, Lieutenant Burriss, of Captain Sisson's company, Seventy-seventh Ohio Volunteers-a regiment recruited from the border counties of Western Virginia and Ohio-came to brigade headquarters and communicated the intelligence that the enemy were gathering in great force. He was sent back with orders to Captain Sisson to maintain the picket line, but if attacked to retire in order, holding the enemy in check. We heard dropping shots over the whole of our immediate front and tolerably brisk firing on the left,
unday. The appearance of Buell's advance, in the dark hours of that terrible Sabbath afternoon, was a spectacle the most inspiriting that despairing men ever looked upon. As they filed across the broad bottoms of the Tennessee, with colors flying, and filling the vale with their shouts of encouragement, the most despairing felt that the day was not entirely lost. Language is inadequate to express the sublime emotions which spring from the presence of a succoring army. What the eagles of Dessaix were to Consular France, the banners of Buell were to the arms of the Union, as his gallant army surged onward to the red field of Shiloh! General Sherman, at a recent interview, informed me that when Buell inquired the force and condition of the Army of Tennessee, and was answered-showing fifteen thousand men, with the division of Lew Wallace, not engaged on Sunday-and Buell assured him that the Army of the Ohio would be ready to co-operate in an offensive movement on Monday, it was then
J. W. Powell (search for this): chapter 50
f an hour after we separated he engaged the enemy, and the most terrific firing heard during the day came from that quarter. The force encountered was Ruggles' Division of Bragg's Corps. He requested that a battery should be sent to him. Captain J. W. Powell, with great promptness, took position, and remained in command of his battery until his right arm was shot off. This gallant officer is the distinguished Major Powell, in charge of the geographical and geological survey of the Rocky mountaMajor Powell, in charge of the geographical and geological survey of the Rocky mountain region. As a scientist he is doing good service, as he did as a soldier in the wilderness of Tennessee. He was a meritorious officer, and his success in the field of science has been great. It is hoped that Congress will give him ample means to carry out his enlarged views in the department to which he has been assigned. General Grant, it may be stated in explanation, his headquarters being at Savannah, did not reach the battle-ground before ten o'clock. He doubted for a time that it was
he same may be said of the Fourth Brigade, and the principal officers of the Fifth Ohio Cavalry; but here exceptions cease. The whole of that army, with individual exceptions, in addition to those named, were surprised. There was a general feeling that an attack was imminent, but that it would come on Sunday morning, April 6th, few believed. As to where the responsibility and censure belong, is one of those open questions which may be difficult to settle. General Grant's biographer, Professor Coppe, discussing this point, says: At the outset our troops were shamefully surprised. For want of these precautions (proper fortifications, etc.), continues the same biographer, we were surprised, driven back from every point in three great movements of the enemy, etc. This is saying too much, and cannot be justified. Another point demands brief remark. How much had Buell to do with saving the honor of the nation at Shiloh? Certain facetious writers have asserted that Providence, the gu
Albert Sidney Johnston (search for this): chapter 50
more stirring than Yankee hatred and Southern patriotism. By three o'clock they were on the move. At daybreak General A. Sidney Johnston said to General Beauregard: Can it be possible they are not aware of our presence It can scarcely be possible, ur. The Union army was steadily beaten back at all points. The great leader of the Confederates had fallen, for Albert Sidney Johnston was as great a military genius as the country has produced. His death was caused by a Minnie ball severing the fmoral artery at about half-past 2 o'clock. This was a most critical point. Breckenridge's reserves had been ordered up. Johnston said: I will lead these Kentuckians and Tennesseeans into the fight, and, waving his sword, pressed forward to take a certain position, which they did gain-but their brave leader was gone! The death of Johnston caused a brief pause. Thirty minutes were probably consumed in Beauregard taking command, and these were precious moments for the Union army. It enabled our
fficient width to admit the passage of our army on its anticipated march to Corinth! About two o'clock P. M., Colonel Jesse Hildebrand, commanding Third Brigade, Sherman's Division, to which my regiment was attached, invited me to accompany Colonel Buckland, commanding Fourth Brigade, same division, Colonel Cockerel, Seventieth Ohio Volunteers, and one or two other officers, on a short reconnoissance. We had not advanced half a mile from camp when we were met by squads of the fatigue party sen Forrest's cavalry, and their commander, riding a white horse, was plainly visible. It was manifest their object was not to attack, but watch our movements, and prevent the advance of the reconnoitering parties. The officers (Hildebrand and Buckland) remained some time, then returned to camp to report the situation to General Sherman, and get their respective commands in readiness, as both anticipated an attack. Remaining under orders to watch the movements of the enemy, the afternoon wore
Waterhouse (search for this): chapter 50
d also a portion of the Fourth Brigade. Taylor's battery had a good position to the right of the church, and was ordered to unlimber for action. The Fifty-third formed in their own camp, which was an old peach orchard. They were supported by Waterhouse's battery. The hour was now about seven o'clock, and the battle opened with great fury. The enemy advanced to the attack of our forces by three distinct lines of battle. The first, according to General Beauregard's report, extended from Ots which might jeopard his own command. Into this gap he pushed several brigades commanded by Gibson, Anderson, Pond, and others, and attempted to sweep round on Sherman's left. The camp of the Fifty-third Ohio having been gained and three of Waterhouse's guns captured, the line near Sherman's headquarters was enfiladed and driven back in confusion. McClernand promptly supported Sherman, but seeing the flanking movement of Hardee, I was ordered to hurry up reinforcements. Meeting an advancin
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