dvance very slow.
The first was the want of practice in marching.
They stopped every moment to pick blackberries or get water, says McDowell; they would not keep in the ranks, order as much as you pleased; when they came where water was fresh, they would pour the old water out of their canteens, and fill them with fresh water; they were not used to denying themselves much; they were not used to journeys on foot.
The second cause was, perhaps, yet more potent.
The affair of Big Bethel and Vienna had created a great outcry against rushing into places that people did not know anything about.
I think the idea of every one was that we were to go into no such things as that — that we were to feel our way, again says McDowell.
Precaution on this point was particularly emphasized in his instructions.
The three following things, says his marching order, will not be pardonable in any commander: 1st, to come upon a battery or breastwork without a knowledge of its position; 2d, to be surpri