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y. He assured him that his conduct had the emphatic approval of the Department. . In his annual report, submitted to Congress three days afterward, the Secretary as emphatically approved Wilkes's course, and at the same time remarked that his generous forbearance in not capturing the Trent must not be permitted to constitute a precedent hereafter for the treatment of any case of similar infraction of neutral obligations by foreign vessels engaged in commerce or the carrying trade. On the first day of the Session of Congress, Dec. 2. the House of Representatives, on motion of Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois, tendered the thanks of Congress to Captain Wilkes, for his arrest of the traitors Slidell and Mason. By a further resolution, the President was requested, in retaliation for the outrageous treatment of Colonel Corcoran, then a prisoner in the hands of the Confederates, in confining him in the cell of a convicted felon, to subject Mason to like treatment in Fort Warren. Report of
to the Confederates. and the Government itself, without waiting to hear a word from the United States on the subject, at once assumed a belligerent position, and made energetic preparations for war. So urgent seemed the necessity, that not an hour of procrastination was permitted. All through Sunday, the 1st of December (immediately after the arrival of the passengers of the Trent), men were engaged in the Tower of London in packing twenty-five thousand muskets to be sent to Canada. On the 4th, December, 1861. a royal proclamation was issued, prohibiting the exportation of arms and munitions of war; and the shipment of saltpeter was stopped. A general panic prevailed in business circles. Visions of British privateers sweeping American commerce from the seas floated before the English mind, and no insurance on American vessels could be obtained. American securities dropped amazingly, and large fortunes were made by wise ones, under the shadow of high places, who purchased and he
Pollard, the Confederate historian of the War, says, that records showed that Wise, who assumed the command there on the 7th of January, had pressed upon the Government the importance of Roanoke Island to Norfolk. in a Report to Benjamin, on the 18th of that month, he said the canals and railroads connecting with Norfolk were utterly defenseless. later he reported that a force at Hatteras, independent of the Burnside expedition. Was amply sufficient to capture or pass Roanoke Island in Twent church. Hawkins Zouave. the power of the Government was so fully displayed in this region, while its justice and clemency were proclaimed by Burnside and Goldsborough conjointly, in an address to the people of North Carolina, issued on the 18th, that the great bulk of the inhabitants, naturally inclined to loyalty, were anxious to render full submission. The proclamation assured them that the expedition was not there for the purpose of invading any of their rights. On the contrary, it
on the stocks and eight cannon, and then passed on, capturing vessels on the Sound. On the following day, Feb. 13. Lieutenant Jeffers, with some of the fleet, proceeded to the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal, that traverses the Dismal Swamp on its way from the Elizabeth River to the Pasquotank, for the purpose of disabling it. They found Confederates engaged in the same work, who fled on the approach of the Nationals. The latter sunk two schooners in the Canal and departed. Finally, on the 19th, the combined fleet set out from Edenton on a reconnaissance, which extended up the Chowan River as far as Winton (which was partially destroyed), and the Roanoke to Plymouth. The Perry, bearing Colonel Hawkins and a company of his Zouaves, received a volley of musketry from the high bank near the latter place, when Rowan ordered the town to be shelled. It was nearly all destroyed excepting the church. Hawkins Zouave. the power of the Government was so fully displayed in this region,
rdered Brigadier-General E. O. C. Ord to attempt the achievement; and at the same time to gather forage from the farms of the secessionists. Ord, with his brigade, His brigade was composed of Pennsylvania regiments, and consisted of the Ninth, Colonel Jackson; Tenth, Colonel McCalmont; Twelfth, Colonel Taggart; Bucktail Rifles, Lieutenant-Colonel T. L. Kane; a battalion of the Sixth; two squadrons of cavalry, and Easton's Battery — in all about 4,000 men. undertook the enterprise on the 20th. Dec., 1861. McCall ordered Brigadier-General Reynolds to move forward with his brigade toward Leesburg, as far as Difficult Creek, to support Ord, if required. When the force of the latter was within two miles of Drainsville, and his foragers were loading their wagons, the troops were attacked by twentyfive hundred Confederates, under E. O. C. Ord. General J. E. B. Stuart, His troops consisted of the Eleventh Virginia, Colonel Garland; Sixth South Carolina, Lieutenant-Colonel Seagri
nd eminent British statesman, stood most conspicuous. In the midst of the tumultuous surges of popular excitement that rocked the British islands in December and January, his voice, in unison with that of Richard Cobden, was heard calmly speaking of righteousness and counseling peace. He appeared as the champion of the Republic as Government, to surrender Mason and Slidell and their secretaries ; and in the First days of 1862, he said, the fate of the American Government will be sealed if January passes without some great victory. the most absurd stories concerning the temper of the American Government, calculated to inflame the public mind and excite a edition entered the Inlet. The weather continued boisterous. Many of them drew too much water to allow them to cross the bars; and the remainder of the month of January was spent in overcoming the difficulties of that perilous passage, and in making full preparations for moving forward over the still waters of Pamlico Sound. G
January 7th (search for this): chapter 7
ngress, cast reflections upon the troops there; but a Committee of that body, appointed to investigate the matter, declared that the battle was one of the most gallant and brilliant actions of the War, and laid the blame, if any existed, on Huger and Benjamin, especially on the latter, who, it was said, had positively refused to put the Island in a State of defense. Pollard, the Confederate historian of the War, says, that records showed that Wise, who assumed the command there on the 7th of January, had pressed upon the Government the importance of Roanoke Island to Norfolk. in a Report to Benjamin, on the 18th of that month, he said the canals and railroads connecting with Norfolk were utterly defenseless. later he reported that a force at Hatteras, independent of the Burnside expedition. Was amply sufficient to capture or pass Roanoke Island in Twenty-four hours. Wise also asked for re-enforcements from Huger's fifteen thousand men, lying idle around Norfolk. He was answered
January 11th (search for this): chapter 7
ction. A well-organized signal corps accompanied the expedition, and there were two extensive pontoon trains. Fully equipped in every way, the expedition, whose destination had been kept a profound secret, left Hampton Roads on Sunday, the 11th of January, 1862. and went to sea. when it was known that the expedition had actually gone out upon th<*> Atlantic at that inclement season, there was great anxiety in the public Stephen C. Rowan. mind. The storm of November, by which Dupont's founded. A portion of Goldsborough's fleet now met with a similar fate off tempestuous Cape Hatteras. Its destination was Pamlico Sound, which was to be reached through Hatteras Inlet. The voyage had been lengthened by a heavy fog on Sunday, Jan. 11. and on Monday night those vessels of the fleet which had not reached the stiller waters of the Inlet were smitten and scattered by a terrible tempest. Four transports, a gun-boat, and a floating battery were wrecked. Among these was the fine
January 12th (search for this): chapter 7
estuous Cape Hatteras. Its destination was Pamlico Sound, which was to be reached through Hatteras Inlet. The voyage had been lengthened by a heavy fog on Sunday, Jan. 11. and on Monday night those vessels of the fleet which had not reached the stiller waters of the Inlet were smitten and scattered by a terrible tempest. Four transports, a gun-boat, and a floating battery were wrecked. Among these was the fine steamer City of New York, Captain Nye. It went down in sight of the shore, Jan. 12. with four hundred barrels of gunpowder, one thousand five hundred rifles, eight hundred shells, and other stores and supplies; but no human life perished with it. Nor was any man lost in the other vessels that were wrecked; but of a party who went ashore from one of the transports Jan. 14, 1862. yet outside, three were drowned by the upsetting of their boat on its return. These were Colonel J. W. Allen, of Burlington, New Jersey, commander of the Ninth regiment from that State; the surge
February 5th (search for this): chapter 7
was a flotilla of small gun-boats — a sort of Musquito fleet like that of Tatnall at Port Royal--eight in number, and carrying eleven guns. These were commanded by Lieutenant W. F. Lynch, late of the National navy, who had abandoned his flag, received a Commodore's commission from the conspirators, and was now charged with the defense of the coast of North Carolina. after a reconnaissance, Commodore Goldsborough slowly moved his fleet of seventy vessels, formed on the morning of the 5th of February, 1862. toward Croatan Sound, fifteen of the gun-boats leading, under the immediate command of Rowan, and followed by the armed transports. On the following day Lynch sent the Curlew, Captain Hunter, to reconnoiter the approaching fleet, and her Commander reported it at anchor six miles below Roanoke Island. That evening was dark and misty, and the morning of the 7th was lowery for a time. At length the sun broke forth in splendor, and at about ten o'clock Goldsborough, hoisting the
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