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ard Richmond, at the beginning of May,
1864. General William T. Sherman, who had succeeded General Grant in the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, marched southward from the vicinity of Chattanooga,
May 6. with nearly one hundred thousand men,
His forces were composed as follows: Army of the Cumberland, Major-General George H. Thomas, commanding; Infantry, 54,568; Artillery, 2,377; Cavalry, 3,828.
Number of guns, 130. Army of the Tennessee, Major-General J. B. Mcpherson, commanding; Infantry, 22,487; Artillery, 1,404; Cavalry, 624.
Number of guns, 96. Army of the Ohio, Major-General J. M. Schofield, commanding; Infantry, 11,183; Artillery, 679; Cavalry, 1,697.
Number of guns, 28.
Grand aggregate number of troops, 98,797, and of guns, 254.
About this number of troops were kept up during the campaign, the number of men joining from furlough and hospitals about compensating for the loss in battle and from sickn
a difficult problem lay before him, all unsolved.
When General Slocum was satisfied.
that Hood had abandoned.
Atlanta, he sent out, at dawn,
Sept. 2, 1864. a strong reconnoitering column in that direction.
It encountered no opposition, and entered the city — much of which was reduced to a smoking ruin by Hood's incendiary fires — at 9 o'clock, when it was met by Mayor Calhoun, who formally surrendered the place.
General Ward's division then marched in, with drums beating and colors
Herman's Headquarters in Atlanta. flying, and the National flag was unfurled over the Court-house.
On the day of the evacuation of Atlanta [September 2], the telegraph gave information of the fact to the. Government, whereupon the President, on the same day, publicly tendered the thanks of the nation to General.
Sherman, and the gallant officers and soldiers under his command.
Orders were issued for the firing of National salutes at the principal arsenals, and the 11th day of September was des