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August 28th (search for this): chapter 14
oward's) drew out and moved rapidly in a circuit to the West Point road at Fairborn, where the Army of the Cumberland (Thomas's) came into position just above Howard's at Red Oak, and the Army of the Ohio (Schofield's) closed in upon Thomas's left, only a short distance from the strong Confederate works covering the junction of the roads at East Point. So quietly, secretly, and quickly, were these movements performed, that Hood was not informed of them until Sherman was thoroughly at work Aug. 28. destroying the West Point railway over a distance of twelve miles. Twelve and one-half miles were destroyed, the ties burned, and the iron rails heated and tortured by the utmost Ingenuity of old hands at the work. Several cuts were filled up with the trunks of trees, with logs, rock and earth, intermingled with loaded shells, prepared as torpedoes, to explode in the case of an attempt to clear them out. --Sherman's Report. In an interesting narrative of the services of the First Di
August 31st (search for this): chapter 14
caused the chief to order both Thomas and Schofield to the assistance of Howard. At the same time Kilpatrick was sent down the west bank of the Flint to strike the railway below Jonesboroa, and Garrard was left at Couch's to scout the country in the direction of Atlanta. Davis's corps, of Thomas's army, very soon touched the left of Howard's forces, and relieved Blair's (Fifteenth) corps, which was disposed so as to connect with Kilpatrick's horsemen. By four o'clock in the afternoon, August 31. all was in readiness for an advance, when Davis charged, and almost instantly carried the Confederate line of works covering Jonesboroa on the north, and captured General Govan and a greater portion of his brigade, and a four-gun battery. Stanley and Schofield, who had been ordered forward, did not arrive until it was too late to make another charge that evening, owing to the peculiar character of the country. In the morning there was no foe on their front. Hardee had fled, and so ende
July 7th, 1864 AD (search for this): chapter 14
with a determination to dispute the passage of their foe. General Thomas's force lay at Paice's Ferry, McPherson's right rested on the river at the mouth of the Nickajack, and Schofield was in reserve on the Sandtown road. Heavy skirmishing on the 5th satisfied Sherman that he could gain no advantage by attacking Johnston in his works, so he proceeded to turn him out of them in the usual way. Schofield was sent, in rapid march, to the National left, and quickly crossed the Chattahoochee July 7, 1864. at Powell's Ferry, where he surprised the guard, captured a gun, intrenched himself on commanding hills on the left bank of the river, and constructed a pontoon and a trestle bridge across it. At the same time General Garrard moved on Roswell, and destroyed factories there in which cloth was manufactured for the insurgents. Schofield's position commanded good roads running eastward, and he soon found himself supported by Howard, who laid a pontoon bridge at Power's Ferry, two miles be
August 22nd (search for this): chapter 14
age 61. was made the successor of McPherson in the command of the Army of the Tennessee. This preference was regarded by General Hooker as a disparagement of himself, and he resigned the command of the Twentieth Corps, which was assigned to General H. W. Slocum. The latter was then at Vicksburg, and the corps was ably handled by General A. S. Williams, until the arrival of his superior. General Palmer resigned the command of the Fourteenth Army Corps, August 6, 1864. and was succeeded August 22. by that true soldier and most useful officer, General Jefferson C. Davis. The latter at once announced as his chief-of-staff, Colonel A. C. McClurg, an active young officer of the West, who had been the adjutant-general of the Fourteenth Corps since soon after the battle of Missionaries' Ridge, in which he was distinguished. General D. S. Stanley succeeded July 27. General Howard as commander of the Fourth Corps. H. W. Slooum. Sherman began his new flanking movement by shifting
m Chattanooga to Atlanta, 401, 402, 403, 404. At the same time when the Army of the Potomac moved from the Rapid Anna toward Richmond, at the beginning of May, 1864. General William T. Sherman, who had succeeded General Grant in the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, marched southward from the vicinity of Chaough he had destroyed much property, his damage to Sherman's communications was so slight, that the latter said, in writing from Atlanta on the 15th of September: 1864. Our roads and telegraphs are all repaired, and the cars run with regularity and speed. Sherman's Report. Sherman and Hood took advantage of the lull in theughly dismantled from the Etowah to the Chattahoochee. The army crossed that stream, destroyed the railroads in and around Atlanta, and, on the 14th of November, 1864. the entire force destined for the great march to the sea was concentrated around that doomed city. The writer; accompanied by his traveling companions already
tenaula, while Thomas, pressing along Camp Creek Valley, threw Hooker's corps across the head of that stream to the main Dalton road, close to Resaca. Schofield came up on Thomas's left, and at that point the heaviest of the severe battle occurred. Hooker drove his foe from several strong Battle-field of Resaca. this is a view of the battle-ground, eastward of Camp Creek, about two miles northwest of Resaca, as it appeared when the writer sketched it, on the anniversary of the battle, 1866. in the middle, on the hill, is seen the residence of Mrs. Margaret Wright, which was perforated with the bullets. The trees on the hill to the right, where General Judah made a charge on the Confederates, were nearly all dead, from the effects of bullet wounds. hills, and captured a four-gun battery and many prisoners. That night Johnston abandoned Resaca, fled across the Oostenaula, firing the bridges behind him, and leaving as spoils a four-gun battery and a considerable quantity of sto
October 10th, 1864 AD (search for this): chapter 14
he dinner, while so many of our brave men are languishing with wounds, or pining in cruel captivity. Nay, they may feast, possibly, while the very pillars of the Government are crumbling under the blows of the enemy. In obedience to these instructions, Hood now moved rapidly northwestward, and threatened Kingston and other important points on the railway. Sherman followed as rapidly. He pressed through the Allatoona Pass and across the Etowah, and by a forced march reached Kingston Oct. 10, 1864. and saved it. There he found that Hood had turned westward, threatened Rome, and was crossing the Coosa over a pontoon bridge, eleven miles below that town. Sherman then hurried on to Rome, Oct. 11. and pushed Garrard's cavalry and Cox's (Twenty-third) corps across the Oostenaula, to threaten Hood's flank should he turn northward. That vigorous leader had moved so rapidly that he avoided the intended blow, excepting a slight one by Garrard, which drove a brigade of Confederate cavalr
June 22nd, 1864 AD (search for this): chapter 14
every hour his army worked closer to the lines of his antagonist. McPherson watched Kenesaw, and worked his left forward. Thomas, in a sort of grand left wheel, swung round, with his left on Kenesaw, touching McPherson, while Schofield moved to the south and east along the old Sandtown road. Finally, when Hooker had considerably advanced his line, with Schofield on his right, General J. B. Hood, leading his own corps and detachments from others, sallied out and attacked the Nationals, June 22, 1864. with the intention of forcing a passage through Sherman's line, between Thomas and Schofield. Although his movement was sudden and unexpected, he was received with a terrible return blow, which made him recoil in great confusion, leaving, in his retreat, his killed, wounded, and many prisoners, in the hands of the Nationals. He had aimed his blow chiefly at the division of Williams, of Hooker's corps, and Hascall's brigade of Schofield's, in comparatively open ground. Those gallant t
August 16th (search for this): chapter 14
one-half of his infantry in rash acts, Hood sent out Wheeler, with the greater part of his cavalry, to capture supplies, burn bridges, and break up railways in the rear of Sherman's army, with a hope of depriving him of subsistence. Wheeler moved swiftly with about eight thousand horsemen. He struck and broke the railway at Calhoun, captured nine hundred beeves in that, vicinity, and seriously menaced the depot at Allatoona. This was just at. the time when Sherman had issued an order Aug. 16, for a grand movement of his army upon the West Point and Macon railway, for the purpose of flanking Hood out of Atlanta. The first named road was. to be struck at Fairborn Station, and the other at near Jonesboroa, some twenty miles south of Atlanta. When he heard of Wheeler's raid he was rejoiced. I could have asked nothing better, he said, for I had provided well against such a contingency, and this detachment left me superior to the enemy in cavalry. I suspended the execution of my
oved from the Rapid Anna toward Richmond, at the beginning of May, 1864. General William T. Sherman, who had succeeded General Grant in the command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, marched southward from the vicinity of Chattanooga, May 6. with nearly one hundred thousand men, His forces were composed as follows: Army of the Cumberland, Major-General George H. Thomas, commanding; Infantry, 54,568; Artillery, 2,377; Cavalry, 3,828. Total, 60,773. Number of guns, 130. Army of tcommanded respectively by Generals W. J. Hardee, J. B. Hood, and Leonidas Polk. and the capture of the city of Atlanta. General Sherman received his orders from Lieutenant-General Grant y to advance, on the 30th of April, and he moved on the 6th of May. On that morning the Army of the Cumberland lay at and near Ringgold; that of the Tennessee at Lee and Gordon's Mill, See page 134. on the Chickamauga, and that of the Ohio near Red Clay, on the Georgia line north of Dalton. The Confederat
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