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Bull Pasture Mountain (Utah, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
in which the latter was defeated. This battle, by revealing the presence of a considerable force of the enemy in that region, was probably the reason why McDowell's corps was not sent to the Peninsula with McClellan. After the battle of Winchester, Jackson had retreated up the valley to Harrisonburg, and then struck off to the west. On the 8th of May, he fought a battle of not very decisive results with the Federal forces under Milroy and Schenck, at a place called McDowell, near Bull Pasture Mountain. From this point he marched to Harrisonburg, thence to New Market, where a junction was effected with Ewell's division, which had come from Elk Run Valley. Their united forces amounted. to at least fifteen thousand men. About the middle of May, an order was issued from the War Department at Washington for General Shields to move with his command from the Valley of the Shenandoah and join General McDowell at Fredericksburg. This left General Banks with only five or six thousand
Mexico (Mexico, Mexico) (search for this): chapter 7
ral of his guns which he could not bring off. The enemy followed him as he fell back. The division of General Kearney, having passed the crowded road, and marching upon the guns at the pas de course, re-established the battle. The fight had now rolled from the edges of the plain into the forest; and it was sharp, for the enemy was strongly reinforced. The Federals fought not less firmly, encouraged by their chiefs, looker, Heintzelman, and Kearney. Kearney in especial, who lost an arm in Mexico, and fought with the French at the Muzaia and at Solferino, had displayed the finest courage. The general acceded to his urgent request, and immediately ordered up Kearney's division to his aid. He could not have sent a better man. Kearney was of that chivalrous character so often to be met with in the French army. tie had lost an arm in the Mexican War, and he afterwards joined the French army as a volunteer aide-de-camp in the Italian campaign, greatly distinguishing himself at both So
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 7
free from apprehensions as to the safety of Washington! The concluding paragraphs are as follow:--because to the President's distempered fancy Washington was not safe unless it was covered by McDowe order was issued from the War Department at Washington for General Shields to move with his commandhat it was an apprehension for the safety of Washington that had thus far prevented the junction; ant the enemy, in great force, are marching on Washington. You will please organize and forward immedf course Jackson's command, were marching on Washington. This difference of opinion between two higern people. He had no more idea of going to Washington than of going to Boston: such a diversion of, indicating apprehensions for the safety of Washington, saying, I think the time is near when you mhe says that apprehensions for the safety of Washington, and nothing else, prevented McDowell's beinf the failure on the Peninsula. On quitting Washington, before having been deprived of a part of hi[15 more...]
Martinsburg (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
etermined to try the strength of the Confederates by actual collision; and preparations were made accordingly during the night. The engagement began early the next morning, and held the enemy in check for five hours. Our soldiers fought well, and were well handled; but it was in vain to contend against such odds, and orders were given to withdraw. The pursuit by the enemy was prompt and vigorous, and the retreat rapid and without serious loss. A halt of two hours and a half was made at Martinsburg; and the rear-guard finally reached the Potomac at sunset on the 25th. This was forty-eight hours after the first news of the attack on Front Royal. It was a march of fifty-three miles, thirty-five of which were performed in one day. The river was crossed the next day; and, says General Banks, in his official report, there never were more grateful hearts in the same number of men than when, at mid-day on the 26th, we stood on the opposite shore. General Banks throughout these two dis
Ashland (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
ations; and General Fitz-John Porter's division was ordered to march the next morning at daybreak to dislodge them. They set off in a heavy storm, came up with the enemy in the course of the day, attacked and defeated him, and took and destroyed his camp at Hanover Court-House. The bridges of the Virginia Central Railroad and the Fredericksburg & Richmond Railroad, both over, the South Ann, were destroyed, as well as a considerable amount of Confederate property at Hanover Court-House and Ashland. General McClellan was much gratified at the way in which this brilliant movement was executed by General Porter, and he deemed its results valuable, because it was thus rendered impossible for the enemy to communicate by rail with Fredericksburg, or with Jackson except by the very circuitous route of Lynchburg. More important still, by the clearing of our right flank and rear, the road was left entirely open for the advance of McDowell, had he been permitted to join the Army of the Potom
United States (United States) (search for this): chapter 7
edley of men and baggage thrown pellmell into narrow and flooded roads had fallen into considerable disorder. In the United States there is no such thing as a corps of the general staff: The American system of every man for himself individually appand look out in silence and motionless upon the scene. Then the firing died away, and night fell on the combat which in America is called the battle of Williamsburg. Our loss in the battle of Williamsburg--the greater part of which was sustaindoubt. It may be not without profit to pause here a moment, and consider in what spirit and with what measures the Confederate States prepared themselves for the conflict before them. The whole military resources of the Confederates at that time within the short space of two months played a more important part or led a more eventful life. She was originally a United States steam screw frigate of fifty guns, and, being at Gosport when the rebellion broke out, was, like many of her consorts
Centreville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
, alarmed by exaggerated reports of the fate of the regiment at Front Royal, burnt their tents and destroyed a quantity of arms. The contagion of panic spread to Catlett's Station, where was General Duryea with four regiments. He hastened to Centreville, and telegraphed to Washington for help. The rumors were swelled and magnified on their way to the capital: the authorities there were thrown into a most unnecessary fright, and telegraphic despatches, pale with the hue of fear, were sent on been in so much hurry, if they had let Banks advance farther, this brave general would have run great risk of being captured with all his force. Banks having miraculously escaped, it was enough to hold Harper's Ferry strongly on one side, and Centreville on the other, to cover Washington. Jackson might have moved between Warrenton Junction and Winchester; he might have pushed cavalry detachments into Western Maryland; but he could have attempted no serious enterprise. Instead of this, it w
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
Chapter 7: Siege of Yorktown battle of Williamsburg March to Richmond Merrimac and Mos not known; but General Johnston had reached Yorktown on the 6th of April with heavy reinforcements. On the 22d of April, while the siege of Yorktown was going on, General Franklin's division, foital of Virginia. It is about ten miles from Yorktown, and is on the narrowest part of the peninsuleral Barnard regrets so much we did not do at Yorktown. But this is not the only contradiction intoough the mud from their positions in front of Yorktown, and by the protracted battle they had foughtdgwick, Porter, and Richardson were sent from Yorktown, by water, to the right bank of the Pamunkey,the Southern Confederacy. The abandonment of Yorktown without waiting for an assault was the resultand this delayed the army before the lines of Yorktown, and gave the Confederates--what they so muched and strengthened. During the march from Yorktown to the banks of the Chickahominy, besides the[22 more...]
Oldhouse Landing (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
to join him were suspended, and for an indefinite period; and there was nothing for him to do but to address himself to the work before him with such means as he could command, and doubtless with a sadness of spirit like that of the Roman gladiators when they saluted the emperor, Morituri te salutamus. The disposition of our forces around Richmond was controlled by two elements, one artificial and one natural,--the former being the Richmond & York River Railroad, and the latter the Chickahominy River. The railroad ran in a direction nearly easterly from Richmond to White House, at which latter place was our depot of supplies. It is difficult for a civilian to form an adequate notion of the immense amount of these supplies which must be furnished every day for the support of an army of seventy thousand men, including forage for horses, cavalry and artillery. The communication between such an army and its base of supplies cannot be for a moment interrupted or even endangered. It
York (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
Yorktown and Williamsburg offered a serious resistance, that General McDowell's corps should land on the left bank of the York, or on the Severn, so as to move upon Gloucester and West Point, in order to take in reverse whatever force the enemy mighe days. It was General McClellan's purpose to act on Gloucester by disembarking this division on the north bank of the York River, under the protection of the gunboats, but subsequent events rendered the movement unnecessary. Our batteries would rned its face towards Richmond, moving slowly along the left bank of the Pamunkey, one of the two affluents forming the York River, and navigable from its junction with the latter river as far as White House. The Headquarters of the army reached thihe neighbor-hood of Richmond; and that this was a wise determination is shown by a glance at the map. The Peninsula has York River on one side and James River on the other; these rivers must sooner or later have been commanded by our gunboats, and th
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