00 men, many of them trained to efficiency in the Mexican War and in successive expeditions against Apaches and other savages, wherein they had made the name of Texan Rangers a sound of terror to their foes.
For Canby's regulars and American volunteers, they had some little respect — for his five or six thousand New Mexicans, none at all. Advancing confidently, but slowly, by way of Fort Thorn, he found
Feb. 19, 1862. Canby in force at Fort Craig, which he confronted about the middle of February.
A careful reconnoissance convinced him that it was madness, with his light field-guns, to undertake a siege; while his offer of battle in the open plain, just outside the range of the guns of the fort, was wisely declined.
He would not retreat, and could not afford to remain, consuming his scanty supplies; while to pass the fort without a contest, leaving a superior force undemoralized in his rear, was an experiment full of hazard; he therefore resolved to force a battle, and, with that
ver into the heart of the Territory.
They did so, as they anticipated, without further opposition from the force they had so signally beaten.
Leaving their wounded at Socorro, 30 miles on the way, they advanced to Albuquerque, 50 miles further, which fell without resistance, and where their scanty stock of provisions was considerably replenished.
At Cubero, 60 miles westward, they obtained more provisions and some ammunition.
Still advancing on Santa Fe. the Confederates encountered,
March 24. at Cañon Glorietta, or Apache Pass, 15 miles from Santa Fe, near Fort Union, a new Federal force of 1,300, composed partly of regulars, but mainly of green Colorado volulteers, the whole commanded by Col. John P. Slough.
The Rebel force actually present, under Col. W. R. Scurry,
Representative from Texas in the XXXIIId Congress. was decidedly inferior in numbers,
Col. Scurry, in his official report, declares that he had but 600 men present fit for duty. but in nothing else.