fferent effects produced by the James and Hotchkiss shell before I close.
The Hotchkiss was used entirely during that part of the action before the enemy finally retreated.
The James was that used in shelling Loudon Heights.
The former did not fail in producing the effect desired but once, and that was caused by a failure to explode, and not by any separation of the leaden band from the projectile.
The latter, (the James,) however, in this as well as other actions — at Pritchard's Mills, Berlin, and Point of Rocks, at which I have used them, and the results of which I have reported to you heretofore — worked very badly.
Of the five shells that I threw at the enemy on Loudon, two failed to explode; and, as an instance of what great deviation is caused by the lead flying off from the shell, which is always the case with this projectile, I need only remark that, with the same elevation, one shell struck half way up the mountain, the other clean over it. The leaden band would sometime