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Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
It was necessary to yield part of the fruits of the sanguinary field of Fair Oaks Farm, and dispositions were made to repel any attempt the enemy might make to assist Jackson. Our pickets, powerfully supported, were left upon the conquered field, and to this hour (three o'clock P. M.) no effort had been made to dislodge them. We understand it, however. It is interpreted by an awful cannonading on our right wing, indicating that the hero of the valley has struck against McCall and his Pennsylvania reserves. It is the most terrific cannonading ever heard. We now look for battle to open in front immediately. The affair of Fair Oaks Farm, considered in the light of a mere victory, although it was bravely won, was most dearly purchased. I am informed that our casualties amount to the shocking total of six hundred and forty men — including the night's tragedies. Of these about sixty were killed, and perhaps seventy-five to one hundred are missing. But the latter may report thems
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
ve some distance in their rear, and after some little delay, with difficult ground and necessary caution, Grover's skirmishers came upon their second line. They disputed the ground tenaciously. Nearly all their front appeared to be held by North--Carolina troops, whom we have found to be by far, the best and bravest troops of the Southern Confederacy. These gallant fellows stood to their post and kept up a rapid and accurate fire that galled our line severely, until they were fairly driven back in rout by Grover's steady advance. The stout resistance of these pickets gave ample time for the formation of Hill's division, to which they belonged, and which is made up in great part of North-Carolina troops. This division, supported by the division of Gen. Huger, now advanced to meet our line, and in a little while the ball was fairly opened. So rapid was the rattle of the fire at this time, that the sound seemed to be without cessation — without pause or interval--one continuous r
Harper's Ferry (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
guish anything but smoke and mounted officers dashing back and forth along the line. The furious tumult within the woody recesses was a sufficient assurance of hot strife. The firing on both sides was very heavy, and it was as easy to distinguish the respective volleys as it is to distinguish between two human voices — our own being sharp and ringing, those of the enemy dull and heavy, like the reports of shot-guns. Our men were armed with Spring-field and Enfield guns, the enemy with Harper's Ferry muskets, which their officers prefer. I was impressed that the enemy were most numerous. Gen. Grover was so satisfied of the fact that he notified Gen. Hooker. He begun to think that it would have been wiser had he brought Colonel Wyman's Sixteenth Massachusetts regiment into battle. He had left him in reserve on the edge of the wood, consoling him with the remark that his regiment had won glory enough at Fair Oaks. Sickles commanded not only his brigade, but each of his regiments,
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
e this can reach you. The conduct of officers and men throughout was admirable. There was little opportunity for conspicuous exhibition of gallantry. But the field was far more trying than an ordinary battle. Men could not be subjected to a severer test of courage, endurance, and discipline. But our gallant volunteers gave evidence of qualities which inspires the Commander-in-Chief with perfect confidence in them. Surely they have been tried in fire and have not been found wanting. Yorktown, Williamsburgh, Fair Oaks and Fair Oaks Farm attest their unflinching firmness and courage. Among the few incidents of the battle which deserve conspicuous attention, it is pleasant to rescue from oblivion one involving a humble private. Charles Blake, company E, Seventh Massachusetts, was severely wounded in the shoulder, but not disabled. He was sent to the field-hospital, and when his wound was dressed, he resumed his musket and pushed into the fight again, against the remonstrances
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
driven from his camps in front of this, and all is now quiet. G. B. McClellan, Major-General Commanding. Report of Colonel Cowdin. headquarters First regiment mass. Vols., camp at Fair Oaks, Va., June 26. Wm. Schouler, Adj.-Gen. of Massachusetts: General: In accordance with orders from the Brigade-General commanding the First brigade, I left my camp at Fair Oaks yesterday morning, and proceeded with.my command to the front into the fallen timber, where I deployed the regiment as sded. The most painful misfortune of the day was the mortal wounding of Lieut. Bullock, of the Seventh Massachusetts, who was struck in the back by a fragment of one of our own shells, while he was leading his company to support the battery. Massachusetts again suffered heavily. The First regiment lost ten killed and one hundred and nineteen wounded; the Seventh, two killed, fourteen wounded; the Eleventh and Sixteenth suffered somewhat, and the Nineteenth lost some forty-five men. Sickles's
New York (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
ing juncture the order was received from general headquarters to withdraw gradually to the original line. They all believed that we were beaten on some other part of the line, and that we had gone too far ahead for safety, and all retired in good order and took up the line in the edge of the wood nearest to camp. This was at about half-past 11 A. M. Gen. McClellan and staff rode upon the field at one P. M., escorted by Capt. McIntyre's squadron of regular cavalry and the First regiment New-York volunteer cavalry, Col. McReynolds. He made his headquarters at Fair Oaks, where Heintzelman's had previously been, and there drew around him all the sources of information that such occasions furnish. All were then in amazement at the recent unaccountable order; but he soon saw how affairs stood, and ordered very shortly after that the same advance should be again made. The order was received with joy on every hand. Once more they went forward in the same order in which they had al
New Hampshire (New Hampshire, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
not keep up, Grover's position became dangerous just in proportion to his apparent success; for his flank was left exposed to the attack of the rebels, who filled the woods in front of Kearney. To guard against mishaps in that quarter, and to establish the connection with Kearney, he threw out on his left five companies of the Massachusetts Sixteenth, which regiment was held in reserve. At about the same time, as the fire continued terribly severe in front, he placed a battalion of the New-Hampshire Second on his extreme right, to strengthen his connection with Sickles's left, and placed the remainder of the same regiment between the Massachusetts First and Eleventh, where there was some appearance of weakness. Thus strengthened in front, and provided against attack on his flank, he went on. Berry's brigade soon began, however, to push forward on Grover's left, drove the enemy rapidly and easily before it, and advanced until they completed the line from Grover's left. Robinson'
Seven Pines (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
fight was for. It was not an interruption of our march to Richmond, in which, as might be supposed, the rebels threw themselves in our way and stopped us at a mile from our original line. It was a fight for a position — a determined struggle for a piece of ground which it was deemed necessary that we should have and hold. This piece of ground is barely a mile beyond our former line, and we have it, and hold it. It will be remembered that the field on which the battle of Fair Oaks, or Seven Pines, was fought, is bounded on the side toward Richmond by a line of woods. This wood extends on either side of the Williamsburgh road for a mile, and beyond it is a piece of open country. Our outer pickets have been hitherto posted in that edge of the wood which is furthest from the sacred city, and the line of rebel pickets was drawn only a little further in the woods, and so near to our line that the men could talk to one another. It appeared to be well understood that any further advan
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 77
Doc. 77.-battle of Oak Grove, Va. Despatches from General McClellan. further reports of this engagement will be given in the Supplement. redoubt No. 3, Wednesday, June 25--1.30 P. M. Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War: we have advanced our pickets on the left considerably, to-day, under sharp resistance. Our men have behaved very handsomely. Some firing still continues. Geo. B. Mcclellan, Major-General Commanding. redoubt No. 3, Wednesday, June 25--3.15 P. M. Hon. E. M. Se for their attention to and prompt obedience to orders. I have the honor to remain, Very respectfully your ob't servant, Robert Cowdin, Colonel Commanding First Reg't Mass. Vols. A National account. camp on Fair Oaks battle-field, Va., Thursday, June 26, 1862. To enable you to comprehend the action, I will report its history circumstantially. It was fought on Fair Oaks Farm, nearly a mile in front of the battle-field of Fair Oaks. The latter derives its title from the rail
Balaklava (Ukraine) (search for this): chapter 77
ome others being killed. This loss arose purely from an esprit du corps, which prompted them to remain and stand fast, though opposed by vastly superior numbers. It is said, however, that when the Louisiana closed their broken ranks and charged upon the enemy's masses, that it was so terrible that they gave way in disorder. This conduct is perhaps akin to that which extracted the expression of Gen. Bosquet when witnessing the brilliant and famous charge of the English Light Brigade at Balaklava, namely: That is magnificent, but is not war. The conduct of the Louisianians and Georgians is highly spoken of; nothing can detract from their superior qualities as soldiers and patriots, but an excess of bravery characterizes their movements. The loss of the Louisianians is reported at fourteen officers and two hundred men killed and wounded, but this we believe is much of an exaggeration. Subsequent to this brilliant but unfortunate transaction, an artillery force was moved to the
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