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Browsing named entities in a specific section of The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 5: Forts and Artillery. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller). Search the whole document.

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labors. By August 17th the five immense Parrott guns stood ready to fire against Sumter. Thus the Federal army advanced, parallel by parallel, toward Battery Wagner at the end of Morris Island, until the final flying — sap took them up to its very walls, and it was carried by assault. But the defenders had other strings to their bow, as Gillmore's amphibious diggers discovered. Though now occupying the stronghold that commanded the harbor from the south, the Federals got no farther. Ware sharpshooters! --serving the Parrotts in battery Meade Headquarters of the field officer of the second parallel The gun Swamp-Angel. One of the most famous guns in the Civil War was the Swamp-Angel. The marsh here surely deserved the name. The two engineers who explored it to select a site for the battery carried a fourteen foot plank. When the mud became too soft to sustain their weight, they sat on the plank and pushed it forward between their legs. The mud was twenty feet
ncis A. Osborn commanding, supported by the Third New Hampshire Volunteers, Captain Randlett commanding. Sixty-seven prisonerswere captured. They were afraid to retire on account of their own torpe-does, as they informed us, and had too little time, even if there had been no torpedoes. No works, excepting rude rifle-pits in the excellent natural cover afforded by the ridge, were found. . . . The moment the ridge was gained the work of entrenching was begun under the superintendence of Captain Walker. The balance of the report tells about the fifth parallel and the flying-sap, which took them up to Battery Wagner and the battery renamed Chatfield on Cumming's Point, in order to commemorate Colonel John L. Chatfield, killed July 18th, at Battery Wagner. Sap-roller at the head of the flying-sap Firing the big gun Chatfield Fort Moultrie. This huge gun in Fort Moultrie was designed to throw 600-pound shells. With such defenders Charleston became the best-fortified city
ne of the most powerful guns of the Confederacy, in Fort Moultrie Fort Wagner and Fort Gregg. These two forts were captured successively in the slow approach by parallels along Morris Island, preceding the evacuation of Charleston. Both Wagner and Gregg were evacuated September 6, 1863. General Beauregard, the Confederate commander, states that Wagner was an inconsiderable work. General Gillmore, whose forces occupied the place, insists that it was an exceedingly strong fort. Its bomWagner was an inconsiderable work. General Gillmore, whose forces occupied the place, insists that it was an exceedingly strong fort. Its bomb-proofs would hold 1,500 or 1,600 men, and eighteen pieces of heavy ordnance were captured when it finally fell. Fort Wagner. Fort Gregg Guns that were not needed the South battery in Charleston itself the Federal fleet never got beyond the harbor forts One of the South battery guns directly on the public square The upper photograph shows two 10-inch Columbiads in the White Point or South Battery, in Charleston. This was situated on the extreme southeast point between the Ashby
John W. Turner (search for this): chapter 7
to sea: the only gun in the line of fire Looking northeast: this view shows the street running at right angles to the one in the adjoining photograph. The heart of the city: this shows how close to the dwelling houses the Federal shells must have fallen during the bombardment. Fort Sumter. These views show the result of the bombardment from August 17 to 23, 1863. The object was to force the surrender of the Fort and thus effect an entrance into Charleston. The report of Colonel John W. Turner, Federal chief of artillery runs: The fire from the breaching batteries upon Sumter was incessant, and kept up continuously from daylight till dark, until the evening of the 23d. . . . The fire upon the gorge had, by the morning of the 23d, succeeded in destroying every gun upon the parapet of it. The parapet and ramparts of the gorge were completely demolished for nearly the entire length of the face, and in places everything was swept off down to the arches, the debris forming an a
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 7
ame assistant instructor of practical military engineering at West Point. When the war broke out he had abundant opportunity to put his learning to the test, and proved one of the ablest military engineers in the Federal service. He acted as chief engineer of the Port Royal expeditionary corps in 1861-62; was chief engineer at the siege of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, from February to April, 1862, conducted the land operations against Charleston, fought at Drewry's Bluff, and in the defense of Washington against Early. On March 13, 1865, he was brevetted successively brigadier-general and major-general in the regular army, and on December 5, 1865, he resigned from the volunteer service He was the author of many engineering books and treatises. Gillmore studying the map of Charleston in 1863, while he drew his ring of fire round the city Map explaining the photographs on the pages that follow The Parrott in battery strong This 300-pounder rifle was directed against Fort Sumter
Chambersburg (New Jersey, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
ired so that the missiles should fall in the heart of Charleston. Sixteen shells filled with Greek fire were sent that night. On August 23d, at the thirty-sixth discharge, the breech of the gun was blown out and the barrel thereby thrown upon the sand-bag parapet as the photograph shows. From the outside it looked to be in position for firing, and became the target for Confederate gunners. Two weeks later two 10-inch mortars were mounted in place of the Parrott. It was later mounted in Trenton. The Swamp-angel --one of the famous guns of 1863 After the 36th shot — the swamp-angel burst Artillery. This remarkable picture was taken while the flyingsap was being pushed forward to the fifth (and last) parallel. The action of September 6th is thus reported by Major T. B. Brooks: The general commanding o r d e r e d General Terry to take and hold the ridge, and place the resources of the command at his disposal for that purpose. It was accomplished at 6:30 P. M. by a
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
t, and then the sap-roller being pushed forward to the fifth and last parallel, with Battery Chatfield on Cumming's Point. On the next page is Battery Wagner. The remaining scenes are inside Charleston. The last page shows the effect of the bombardment of Fort Sumter. Thus a sequent story is told in actual photographs of the siege operations about Charleston. Quincy Adams Gillmore was graduated first in his class at West Point. He served as an assistant engineer in the building of Fortress Monroe from 1849 to 1852, and later became assistant instructor of practical military engineering at West Point. When the war broke out he had abundant opportunity to put his learning to the test, and proved one of the ablest military engineers in the Federal service. He acted as chief engineer of the Port Royal expeditionary corps in 1861-62; was chief engineer at the siege of Fort Pulaski, Georgia, from February to April, 1862, conducted the land operations against Charleston, fought at Dr
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
Attack and defense at Charleston The morning and evening gun — Sumter: this piece that timed the garrison of the beleaguered Fort looks out across the marshes of Charleston harbor — in these Gillmore's men set up their batteries, with what results the following series of pictures shows Charleston in 1863. Brigadier-General Quincy Adams Gillmore is the man who surrounded Charleston with a ring of fire. On the map which he is studying the words East coast, South Carolina are plainly legible. A glance at the map to the right will reveal that coast, along which his guns were being pushed when this photograph was taken, in 1863. It will also reveal the progress illustrated by the succession of photographs following — the gradual reduction of Battery Wagner, at the north end of Morris Island before Charleston, by a series of parallels. On the facing page are scenes in Battery Reynolds on the first parallel and Battery Brown on the second. Then come Batteries Rosec<
West Branch Cooper River (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
uld hold 1,500 or 1,600 men, and eighteen pieces of heavy ordnance were captured when it finally fell. Fort Wagner. Fort Gregg Guns that were not needed the South battery in Charleston itself the Federal fleet never got beyond the harbor forts One of the South battery guns directly on the public square The upper photograph shows two 10-inch Columbiads in the White Point or South Battery, in Charleston. This was situated on the extreme southeast point between the Ashby and Cooper Rivers. It was established for the purpose of affording a last opportunity to stop vessels that might get past Fort Sumter into the inner harbor. Sumter, however, was so far out, and with Moultrie, Gregg, and the others proved so effectual a barrier to the harbor's mouth, that no use was found for the guns here in the city itself. How close they were to the heart of the city is shown by the gun in the lower photograph, emplaced on the battery directly in front of the public square. Charlest
Morris Island (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
ion of Battery Wagner, at the north end of Morris Island before Charleston, by a series of parallel on the left, that is, across a creek from Morris Island proper. Battery Hays was begun on July 15e working their way to the northern end of Morris Island. Battery Reynolds, on the first paralecond parallel Battery Rosecrans on Morris Island in August, 1863. It was not the burstinscribes dodging shells in the parallels on Morris Island in August, 1863: The fire from Wagner, altbattery Rosecrans-life in the parallels on Morris Island in August, 1863. The 100-Pounder Parrotts in battery Rosecrans Morris Island in summer 1863. At ten o'clock on the night of July allel, toward Battery Wagner at the end of Morris Island, until the final flying — sap took them up of the Confederacy, in Fort Moultrie Fort Wagner and Fort Gregg. These two forts were caply in the slow approach by parallels along Morris Island, preceding the evacuation of Charleston. [2 more...]
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