A number of torpedoes had been planted in various places about the deserted lines by General Raines, and one of them was exploded about 3 o'clock in the morning by some cavalry stragglers fromplosions occurred, causing in all nearly thirty casualties.
Other torpedoes were planted by General Raines at points along the route of the retreat, after the rear-guard had passed, and current reporpected were arranged with infernal machines.
The use of the torpedo was an old hobby with General Raines.
During the Seminole war he used them against the Indians with variable success.
On one oc heard to explode.
Sallying out with a party of sixteen men to see the success of the trap, Captain Raines found that the blanket had been pulled by a long string, and no harm done.
When about to re hundred Indians and with difficulty made good its retreat, losing seven killed and wounded, Captain Raines among the latter.
The terrible condition of the roads rendered the night-march very slow
held in reserve, General R. H. Anderson (who in person had supervised all the movements of the morning), was ordered to renew the charge upon the enemy's position.
Accordingly, about 1 P. M. the attack upon the enemy's left was recommenced by General Anderson, with Wilcox's and Pickett's brigades, and the First Virginia regiment of A. P. Hill's brigade.
(The remainder of A. P. Hill's brigade had entirely expended its ammunition and was held in reserve, close behind the line), supported by Dearing's battery and a section of McCarthy's. The fighting which ensued was severe and prolonged, but resulted in a considerable advance of the Confederate line, the capture of a Federal battery (which, however, could not be brought off on account of the mud and for lack of horses), and the silencing of every gun but one upon that part of the field.
In this fighting, which lasted several hours, there was an unusual amount of volley-firing by the Federal infantry.
The Confederates, as usual, fi
d to the conflict.
On the left of Fort Magruder there were no operations until late in the afternoon, when an affair took place, which might have proved very serious had the Federal Commander, General Sumner, been aggressive or appreciated that he possessed great superiority in numbers.
About noon General Sumner had ordered General Hancock, with five regiments and a battery
The Sixth and Seventh Maine, Fifth Wisconsin, Thirty-third New York, and Forty-ninth Pennsylvania regiments, and Coner's New York battery of six guns. from his own, and Davidson's brigades of Smith's division, to make a wide detour towards the York river, and take a position upon the Confederate flank.
Crossing Cub Dam Creek, General Hancock came upon the line of redans before mentioned, as extending across the Peninsula, and finding the two nearest the York unoccupied, he took possession of them and of a strong natural position on a commanding ridge between them, and having sent for reinforcements opened w
3 o'clock the division of General D. H. Hill arrived upon the field, and the second Florida regiment (under Colonel G. V. Ward, who was killed as he led his regiment in,) and a Mississippi battalion from this division were sent with Colston's brigade to relieve the right wing under Anderson, which had now exhausted its ammunition.
It happened at this same time that Hooker's division was relieved by the arrival of Kearney, who at once threw forward his three brigades (Jameson's, Birney's and Berry's,) and a fierce fight ensued between these fresh troops.
Kearney made several attempts to dislodge his opponent, and by dint of superior numbers had at length regained a portion of Hooker's lost ground, when night put an end to the conflict.
On the left of Fort Magruder there were no operations until late in the afternoon, when an affair took place, which might have proved very serious had the Federal Commander, General Sumner, been aggressive or appreciated that he possessed great supe
hmond and by steamer to Grove wharf, on the James.
It was followed in a few days by the divisions of Longstreet and G. W. Smith, a part marching down the Peninsula, as the transportation was insufficient.
D. H. Hill's advance reached Grove wharf on the 9th, and by the 20th the greater part of the three divisions had all arrived.
The division of General Ewell was left near Gordonsville in observation of the line of the Rapidan, where it remained until the 30th of April, when it joined General Jackson in the Valley.
On the arrival of General Johnston on the Peninsula, the Confederate forces now numbering fifty-three thousand, were positioned as follows: Gloucester Point, Yorktown, and the adjacent redoubts were held by D. H. Hill's division.
Longstreet in the centre held the line of the Warwick, embracing the works at Wynn's mill, and dams No. 3 and No. 2.
The brigades of Brigadier-Generals Featherston, Colston and Pryor, were now added to his command, which was styled the Centr
al amount of volley-firing by the Federal infantry.
The Confederates, as usual, fired only by file.
While matters were progressing thus upon the right, R. H. Anderson's brigade under Colonel Jenkins, with a portion of Pryor's, supported by Stribling's battery and Pelham's horse-artillery, and the fire of Fort Magruder, made an attack upon the enemy's position in front of the fort, and drove him down the road in great confusion, capturing and securing five three-inch rifled guns of Webber'sivision, which arrived, and was thrown forward at this time, and afterwards supported by Devon's brigade of the same division.
These brigades drove back the pursuit, and in the course of the afternoon made some attempts to capture Pelham's and Stribling's batteries, at one time charging to within a hundred and fifty yards of them.
They were, however, driven back into the woods, and the fighting on this portion of the line became a duel, which gradually died out as night came on.
About 3 o'
newed by eighteen guns, to which the single six-pounder made a steady reply from its pit. At half-past 3 o'clock a heavy body of infantry was drawn up on the opposite bank, and a musketry fire was also opened, under cover of which four companies of the Third Vermont, afterwards reinforced by eight others, forded the stream and advanced gallantly upon the unfinished breastworks, on which the Fifteenth North Carolina was just then at work.
A sharp fight ensued for a few minutes, in which Colonel McKinney, commanding the Fifteenth North Carolina, was killed, and his regiment, after his fall, was driven back in confusion, and the breastworks were possessed by the enemy.
Just at this time, however, Colonel G. T. Anderson, with a part of his brigade, consisting of the Seventh Georgia, Colonel Wilson; the Eighth Georgia, Colonel Lamar, and a part of the Sixteenth Georgia, Colonel Bryan; and two companies of the Second Louisiana, under Colonel Norwood, advanced to the support of the North Ca
cut off Johnston's retreat.
The divisions of Hooker, Smith, Kearney, Couch and Casey, preceded by r guard.
During the night the division of General Hooker, 9,000 strong, had arrived on the field, oaylight as his dispositions could be made, General Hooker commenced a vigorous attack.
The Confedrch of the army.
At half-past 7 o'clock General Hooker began operations by sending forward a batt and six pounders.
The co-operation which General Hooker expected from Smith's division, and the ot which he extended his right flank, to envelop Hooker's left and relieve his front.
These brigades fell upon Hooker's left flank, composed of Patterson's and a part of Taylor's brigades, and after a son's brigade with a portion of Grover's which Hooker withdrew from in front of Fort Magruder.
It happened at this same time that Hooker's division was relieved by the arrival of Kearor numbers had at length regained a portion of Hooker's lost ground, when night put an end to the co
army in a very critical condition.
The divisions of Franklin, Sedgwick, Porter and Richardson, were sent in steamers up the York to the vicinity of West Point, to cut off Johnston's retreat.
The divisions of Hooker, Smith, Kearney, Couch and Casey, preceded by a strong force of cavalry and horse-artillery, marched on Williamsburg in pursuit.
The movements of the Federal cavalry were so well conducted, and rapid, that the principal body of the Confederate cavalry under General Stuart wasirected to push through the felled timber to his front, and right, and, taking position near the battery, to silence the guns in Fort Magruder, and to open communication with Smith's division and the Yorktown road, on which Couch's, Kearney's and Casey's divisions were advancing.
The advance of Webber's battery was met by so sharp a fire from Macon's four gun battery in Fort Magruder, and McCarthy's section, from a redoubt on the right, that, when at length the guns were unlimbered in the assi
superiority in numbers.
About noon General Sumner had ordered General Hancock, with five regiments and a battery
The Sixth and Seventh Ma position upon the Confederate flank.
Crossing Cub Dam Creek, General Hancock came upon the line of redans before mentioned, as extending aced a portion of it toward his left, and General Early, discovering Hancock's position, got permission to take his brigade, and attempt to drie did upon a large open field, across which, half a mile away, was Hancock's position.
On the right was one of the redans occupied by Anderson's brigade.
On the left another wood, occupied by Hancock's skirmishers, extended towards the Federal position.
The skirmishers and battees traversed the half mile, and mounted the ridge behind which General Hancock had formed a reserve line of sixteen hundred men. When the decne hundred and two wounded, three hundred and thirty-five missing. Hancock's loss in his affair with Early is stated by McClellan at only thi