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Episcopacy in America. The Church and state in England worked in concert in forging fetters for the English-American colonists. The Church of England was early made a state establishment in the colony of Virginia, but elsewhere the free spir
mode of worship.
As early as 1748 Dr. Seeker, Archbishop of Canterbury, had proposed the establishment of episcopacy in America, and overtures were made to several eminent Puritan divines to accept the leadership, but they all declined it. A royali ty for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, in which he advocated the necessity of establishing episcopacy in America, heaped abuse without stint upon the colonists.
Upon the adventurers themselves, he said, what reproach could he cast h n the old persecuting spirit of the Church, and visions of Laud and the Star Chamber disturbed them.
Eminent writers in America entered the lists in opposition to him. Among others, William Livingston, whose famous letter to the bishop, issued in p