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Missouri compromise, the In 1817 the inhabitants of the Territory of Missouri petitioned Congress for adm
es Moines River, thus giving up to slavery the State of Missouri and all territory south of that latitude.
Thi Clay, of Kentucky, as is generally supposed.
This Missouri bill caused one of the most exciting debates on th to avoid a compromise—for one party insisted upon Missouri entering, if at all, as a free-labor State, and th ompromise seemed to be the only door through which Missouri might enter; and, by adroit management, a compromi There was an almost solid North against admitting Missouri as a slavelabor State.
President Monroe consulted consider whether or not it was expedient to admit Missouri into the Union; and if not, what provision adapted f lat. 36° 30′ N. (outside the boundary of the State of Missouri) slavery should not exist, but should be forev prohibited in the region north of that line.
But Missouri was admitted as a slave-labor State.
In the cours
Missouri compromise, the In 1817 the inhabitants of the Territory of Missouri petitioned Congress for admission into the Union as a State. A bill was introduced into Congress (Feb. 13, 1819) for that purpose, when James Tallmadge, Jr., of New York, moved to insert a clause prohibiting any further introduction of slaves within its domains, and granting freedom to the children of those already there, on their attaining the age of twenty-five years. This motion brought the slavery question again before Congress most conspicuously. After a three days vehement debate, it was carried, 87 to 76. As a companion to the Missouri bill, another to organize the Territory of Arkansas was introduced (Feb. 16). When it was taken up, John W. Taylor, of New York, moved to add a provision that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude should hereafter be introduced into any part of the Territories of the United States north of lat. 36° 30′ N., the northern boundary of the proposed new Territor