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Oglethorpe, James Edward 1698-1785 father of Georgia; born in London, England, Dec. 21, 1698. Early in 1714 he was commissioned one of Queen Anne's guards, and was one of Prince Eugene's aids in the campaign against the Turks in 1716-17. At the siege and capture of Belgrade he was very active, and he attained the rank of colonel in the British army. In 1722 he was elected to a seat in Parliament, which he held thirty-two years. In that body he made a successful effort to relieve the distresses of prisoners for debt, who crowded the jails of England, and projected the plan of a colony in America to serve as an asylum for the persecuted Protestants in Germany and other Continental countries, and for those persons at home who had become so desperate in circumstances that they could not rise and hope again without changing the scene and making trial of a different country. Thomson, alluding to this project of transporting and expatriating the prisoners for debt to America, wrote t