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Grafton, Rensselaer county (New York, United States) (search for this): entry patroons
ees agreed to pay rents and dues almost precisely as before. This tenure became burdensome and odious to the tillers; and in 1839 associations of farmers were formed for the purpose of devising a scheme of relief from the burdens. The movement was soon known as anti-rentism, and speedily manifested itself in open resistance to the service of legal processes for the collecting of manorial rents. The first overt act of lawlessness that attracted public attention was in the town of Grafton, Rensselaer county, where a band of anti-renters, disguised, killed a man, yet the criminal was never discovered. In 1841 and 1842 Governor Seward in his messages recommended the reference of the alleged grievances and matters in dispute on both sides to arbitrators, and appointed three commissioners to investigate and report to the legislature. Nothing was accomplished, and the disaffection increased. So rampant was the insubordination to law in Delaware county that Governor Wright, in 1845, reco
Grasshopper creek (Kansas, United States) (search for this): entry patroons
gnized the right of the Indians to the soil by compelling its purchase from them; it invited independent farmers, to whom a homestead should be secured, and promised protection to all in case of war, and encouraged religion and learning. Yet the free New England system was far better for the development and growth of popular liberty. Several of these patroon domains were secured by directors of the Amsterdam Chamber. The patroons began vigorously to make settlements on the Hudson and Delaware rivers, and so construed the charter of privileges and exemptions that they claimed a right to traffic with the Indians. This brought them into collision with the other-directors, whose jealousy was aroused. The patroons persisted, and an appeal was made to the States-General, which prudently postponed a decision, in order to enable the parties to come to an amicable settlement. So ended the action of the Dutch government in the matter. The patroon system discouraged individual enterpris
Delaware County (Iowa, United States) (search for this): entry patroons
attention was in the town of Grafton, Rensselaer county, where a band of anti-renters, disguised, killed a man, yet the criminal was never discovered. In 1841 and 1842 Governor Seward in his messages recommended the reference of the alleged grievances and matters in dispute on both sides to arbitrators, and appointed three commissioners to investigate and report to the legislature. Nothing was accomplished, and the disaffection increased. So rampant was the insubordination to law in Delaware county that Governor Wright, in 1845, recommended legislation for its suppression, and he declared the county in a state of insurrection. Finally, the trial and conviction of a few persons for conspiracy and resistance to law, and their confinement in the State prison, caused a cessation of all operations by masked bands. There was so much public sympathy manifested for the cause of the anti-renters that the association determined to form a political party favorable to their cause. It su
Manhattan, Riley County, Kansas (Kansas, United States) (search for this): entry patroons
Patroons. To induce private capitalists to engage in making settlements in New Netherland (q. v.), the West India Company, in 1629, resolved to grant lands and manorial privileges to such as should accept the conditions of a proposed charter of privileges and exemptions. Reserving the island of Manhattan, they offered to grant lands in any part of New Netherland, to the extent of 16 miles along any navigable stream (or 4 miles if on each shore), and indefinitely in the interior, to any person who should agree to plant a colony of fifty adults within four years; or, if he should bring more, his domain to be proportionately enlarged. He was to be absolutely lord of the manor, politically and otherwise, holding inferior courts for the jurisdiction of petty civil cases; and, if cities should grow up on his domain, he was to have power to appoint the magistrates and other officers of such municipalities, and have a deputy to confer with the governor. These lords of manors were cal
New England (United States) (search for this): entry patroons
minister of the Gospel and a school-master, and so provide a comforter of the sick and a teacher of the illiterate. Such was the modified feudalism introduced into the young Dutch colony, which naturally fostered aristocratic ideas. It recognized the right of the Indians to the soil by compelling its purchase from them; it invited independent farmers, to whom a homestead should be secured, and promised protection to all in case of war, and encouraged religion and learning. Yet the free New England system was far better for the development and growth of popular liberty. Several of these patroon domains were secured by directors of the Amsterdam Chamber. The patroons began vigorously to make settlements on the Hudson and Delaware rivers, and so construed the charter of privileges and exemptions that they claimed a right to traffic with the Indians. This brought them into collision with the other-directors, whose jealousy was aroused. The patroons persisted, and an appeal was made
William H. Seward (search for this): entry patroons
ciations of farmers were formed for the purpose of devising a scheme of relief from the burdens. The movement was soon known as anti-rentism, and speedily manifested itself in open resistance to the service of legal processes for the collecting of manorial rents. The first overt act of lawlessness that attracted public attention was in the town of Grafton, Rensselaer county, where a band of anti-renters, disguised, killed a man, yet the criminal was never discovered. In 1841 and 1842 Governor Seward in his messages recommended the reference of the alleged grievances and matters in dispute on both sides to arbitrators, and appointed three commissioners to investigate and report to the legislature. Nothing was accomplished, and the disaffection increased. So rampant was the insubordination to law in Delaware county that Governor Wright, in 1845, recommended legislation for its suppression, and he declared the county in a state of insurrection. Finally, the trial and conviction of
Frances Wright (search for this): entry patroons
spute on both sides to arbitrators, and appointed three commissioners to investigate and report to the legislature. Nothing was accomplished, and the disaffection increased. So rampant was the insubordination to law in Delaware county that Governor Wright, in 1845, recommended legislation for its suppression, and he declared the county in a state of insurrection. Finally, the trial and conviction of a few persons for conspiracy and resistance to law, and their confinement in the State prisonred the antirenters; and in 1846 a clause was inserted in the revised constitution of the State, abolishing all feudal tenures and incidents, and forbidding the leasing of agricultural lands for a longer term than twelve years. The same year Governor Wright, who was a candidate for reelection as chief magistrate, was defeated by 10,000 majority given to John Young, the anti-rent candidate, who afterwards released all offenders of the law who were in prison. The excitement gradually subsided, a
ice of the patroon without his written consent. The colonists were forbidden to manufacture cloth of any kind, on pain of banishment from the colony; and the company agreed to furnish them with as many African slaves as they conveniently could ; also, to protect them against foes. Each colony was bound to support a minister of the Gospel and a school-master, and so provide a comforter of the sick and a teacher of the illiterate. Such was the modified feudalism introduced into the young Dutch colony, which naturally fostered aristocratic ideas. It recognized the right of the Indians to the soil by compelling its purchase from them; it invited independent farmers, to whom a homestead should be secured, and promised protection to all in case of war, and encouraged religion and learning. Yet the free New England system was far better for the development and growth of popular liberty. Several of these patroon domains were secured by directors of the Amsterdam Chamber. The patroon
John P. Holland (search for this): entry patroons
enlarge their privileges, and boldly presented to the States-General a new plan for the purpose, in which they demanded that they should monopolize more territory; have longer time to settle colonists; be invested with larger feudal powers; be made entirely independent of the control of the company with respect to the internal government of the colonies; enjoy free-trade throughout and around New Netherland; have a vote in the council of the director-general; be supplied with convicts from Holland as servants, and with negro slaves; and, finally, that all private persons and poor immigrants should be forbidden to purchase lands from the Indians, and should be required to settle themselves within the established colonies and under the control of the manorial lords. These extravagant demands caused their existing privileges to be curtailed by a new charter of privileges and exemptions, issued in 1640. A host of smaller masters of colonies was created, and the legal powers of the ol
have a vote in the council of the director-general; be supplied with convicts from Holland as servants, and with negro slaves; and, finally, that all private persons and poor immigrants should be forbidden to purchase lands from the Indians, and should be required to settle themselves within the established colonies and under the control of the manorial lords. These extravagant demands caused their existing privileges to be curtailed by a new charter of privileges and exemptions, issued in 1640. A host of smaller masters of colonies was created, and the legal powers of the old patroons were abridged. Quarrels between these lords of manors and the civil government of New Netherland continued until the province passed from the possession of the Dutch to that of the English. These feudal tenures having been abolished, the proprietors of manor grants contrived a form of deed by which the grantees agreed to pay rents and dues almost precisely as before. This tenure became burdensom
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