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me previous to the canvass for President in 1856 there were very apparent signs of the formation of a new party.
The anti-slavery element in all political parties began more than a year before to crystallize into a party opposed to the further extension of slavery into the Territories of the Union.
It rapidly gathered force and bulk as the election approached.
It assumed giant proportions in the fall of 1856, and was called the Republican party.
That party nominated John C. Fremont, of California, for President.
He was defeated by James Buchanan; but the party still increased in power, and in 1860 elected its candidate— Abraham Lincoln.
The party held control of the national executive for twenty-four consecutive years, under the administrations of Presidents Lincoln, Johnson, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur.
It had previous to 1885 lost control now of the Senate, now of the House of Representatives.
After an interval of four years the Republicans in 1889 returned to power