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aintings at Thebes. The Sagartians, a cavalry contingent of the army of Xerxes, used lassoes which end in a noose. — Herodotus, VII. 85. The lasso is seen in the sculptures upon the palace of Asshur-bani-pal, a son of Esarhaddon, which are nowmore complicated process. Leathern dresses and fringes of thongs have long been common in Africa, being described by Herodotus: The Libyan women wear goat-skins stript of the hair, fringed at their edges and covered with vermilion; and from thesetowards the mouth, the inundation flooding the cultivatable valley of Egypt. The Egyptian embankments are described by Herodotus and Strabo. The Ganges, flowing from the Himalayas, rises 32 feet from April to August, and creates a flood of 100 miltation of electric illumination to lighthouse purposes. The Bishop rock light, Scilly Islands, the old Cassiterides of Herodotus, 145 feet high, cost £ 36,559. In the British Isles there are 357 shore lights and 47 floating lights. The French have
diers used wooden clubs knotted with iron. — Herodotus, VII. 63. The bent maces (lissan) are founds westward to the Nile. In the world of Herodotus, the Caspian was changed from an indentationnowledged divisions. In the maps cited by Herodotus and other geographers of his time, the grandone half of Egypt being ascribed to Africa. Herodotus considered it absurd to divide the country oorld by Fra Manro. 1,700 years before this, Herodotus had characterized as incredible the statemen the seventh century B. C., as we learn from Herodotus. Strabo (writing about A. D. 18) says:— and supporting planks. The account given by Herodotus may be thus briefed: — Two parallel bridgng over it and taking fright at the water. — Herodotus, VII. 36. The army was seven days and nig b. A pier of masonry; one is described by Herodotus as extending around the harbor of Samos. is much exceeded by the dimensions given by Herodotus of the temples of Amasis and Latona, which w[3 more.
days of Moeris it is said that 8 cubits were sufficient; 15 or 16 were required in the time of Herodotus, 456 B. C. At the present day 18 cubits is considered the lowest inundation at Cairo. Hear nce they have nothing to rely on but rain from Jove, and have no other resource for water. — Herodotus, II.13. Wilkinson, very unreasonably as it would appear, combats the idea of Herodotus, andHerodotus, and states that the rise at Memphis has always averaged about 16 cubits; say 40 at Assouan, 36 at Thebes, 25 at Cairo, and 4 at the mouth of the river. See Wilkinson's Herodotus, Am. ed., 2d Vol., pp. Herodotus, Am. ed., 2d Vol., pp. 252 – 254. In the time of Pliny 12 cubits were a famine, 13 a scarcity, 15 was safety, 16 plenty. At the present day, 18 cubits is the lowest, and at this hight the canals are cut and distributioe rise is attained, and the dikes are then cut; the rise occupies about 100 days, as stated by Herodotus. The maximum is about the 25th of September. After remaining stationary for 12 or 14 days, i
and then pressed in a wedgepress or a hydraulic press. The castor-oil plant (Ricinus communis) was well known to the Egyptians, and is called silli-cyprium by Herodotus, and kiki. by the inhabitants of Egypt. The oil was then extracted by pressure or by boiling, and used for anointing. It was probably Jonah's plant, kikion, being mistranslated gourd. Herodotus and Pliny claimed that it smelt badly, but had its uses medicinally. Bessemer and Heywood's machine (D, Fig. 3384) for expressing oil from seeds (English) consists of a bed-plate or framing a a, cast in one piece and having a receptacle b for receiving the expressed oil. The frame supports a gut. Bitumen, asphate, bituminous shales and rocks, are found in many parts of the world, and the references to the subject are found scattered in the writings of Herodotus, Pliny, and very many others of the writers of antiquity. It is said that on digging near the river Ochus [in Bactria] a spring of oil was discovered. It is
with a Greek termination. It was also called biblos by Homer and Herodotus, whence our term bible. The term volumen, a scroll, indicates theo large a size that they used them for parasols. (Philostratus.) Herodotus rejected the yarn, as also the statement repeated by Strabo, thatsed instead the skins of sheep and goats, on which material, says Herodotus, the barbarians are even now wont to write. Ctesias says he obtaroleum well of Zasynthus, one of the Ionian Islands, was known to Herodotus, more than 2,000 years ago. Pliny says: A bituminous oil is fo were sufficient; fifteen or sixteen were required in the time of Herodotus, 456 B. C. At the present day eighteen cubits is considered the lal of any gold with the dead except that bound around the teeth. Herodotus declares that the Egyptians had a knowledge of the diseases of te80 B. C., for the same purpose, of which we have a description in Herodotus. Its length was 500 paces. Ships were used as pontons; suspensi
manezer and Sennacherib. The statement of Herodotus that the Greeks derived the sundial from thear of it. The penteconter is mentioned by Herodotus (I. 152). It had 50 rowers, who sat 25 on a ding-lead and line. Its use is mentioned by Herodotus, St. Paul, and others. Previous to some 2d with the amentum or thong for throwing. Herodotus distinguishes the nationality of some of thelue of gold and silver has been variable. Herodotus mentions it as13 to 1. Plato mentions it asronze; alloy. Stat′u-a-ry-cast′ing. Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus refer to massive statueand Joseph, were as much at fault as we; and Herodotus, who flourished 23 centuries ago, says that etersburg is estimates to weigh 1,200 tons. Herodotus describes a block of stone brought from Eleps interior measured 28 1/1 × 18 × 7 1/2 feet Herodotus gives the dimensions of another which would saac, and three centuries before Cecrops. Herodotus speaks of an antique iron sword as planted o<
tea among the Western barbarians is perhaps the account given by Herodotus, Book IV. XXI., XXIII.:— Beyond the Tanais the region of Scythotices by foreigners of its use — excepting the remarkable one by Herodotus, the father of history, as he has been termed, and his character w is also very ancient. Servius and Plautus mention thatch, and Herodotus mentions a thatch of reeds as the usual covering of the houses in The position of the Cassiterides, or Tin islands, referred to by Herodotus, Book III. Chap. 115, was kept secret by the Phoenicians, who haerial for mouthpieces, was brought from the Baltic in the time of Herodotus, 450 B. C. The ordinary clay tobacco-pipe — which, by the by, t is mentioned in the Apocrypha, and the animal is referred to by Herodotus. Stench-traps. 2. A sink or depression in a sewer-pipe to ying cities with water. One tunnel of antiquity is spoken of by Herodotus with great praise. He describes it as executed by Eupalinus, son<
iled to reach the oasis and temple of Ammon, probably from want of camels. Herodotus refers to the carts and wagons of the Scythians (see cart). Aeschylus, in hisoman wagon is shown upon the column of Trajan. The Scythian, as described by Herodotus, is pictured on page 485. The plaustrum had wheels of the same size and a pol75 feet high. They had been gradually decreasing in height since the time of Herodotus, who reported them 200 royal cubits = 337 feet (English); Ctesias, 300 feet; e shown in the Theban paintings and elsewhere, and are carefully described by Herodotus. (See cart, page 485.) The ferate orbes of Virgil are wheels shod with iron.e of the weather. In Upper Egypt, rain was and is a rarity, as we learn from Herodotus, the father of history, and from modern geographers. In Lower Egypt, as the n masonry piers. The bridge across the Euphrates, at Babylon, described by Herodotus as built by Nitocris, consisted of wooden spans supported on stone piers. Th
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