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the army was to be concentrated on the fall of Harper's Ferry. Meanwhile, General McClellan, Pope having been relieved of command, was advancing by slow stages toward his adversaries, and cautiously trying to discover their intentions. On the 13th he reached Frederick, just after it had been evacuated by the Confederates. There he received, says Longstreet, such a complete revelation of his adversary's plans and purposes as no other commander, in the history of war, has ever received at a es, in small force in the morning, were trying to hold the gap, which was wide and traversed by many roads. Hence their forces had to be scattered. But the defense made by these scattered brigades against odds was persistent and heroic. On the 13th, Stuart reported that his cavalry was followed by two brigades of infantry, and asked D. H. Hill, whose forces were closest to South mountain, to send a brigade to check the Federals at the foot of the mountain. Owing to long field service and po
ame battle that this regiment was exposed to a severe fire of artillery and musketry, which it bore without flinching; nor was there the slightest confusion in its ranks. The regiment had eight men wounded, and Captain Siler lost a leg. On the 15th, Harper's Ferry surrendered, and the troops operating against it were free to hasten a junction with Lee, now seriously endangered. Nothing but the desperate resistance to the Federal advance at the mountain gaps saved Lee, for this check to the was that night crowned with artillery. Generals Branch and Gregg marched along the river and occupied the plains in rear of the enemy's works. Ewell's division was moved into position on Schoolhouse hill, and other batteries were placed. On the 15th, all the guns on both sides opened with much noise and little destruction. Just as General Pender prepared to move his infantry forward in assault, a white flag was displayed, and General White, the commanding officer, surrendered 11,000 men, 73
rrendered 11,000 men, 73 pieces of artillery, 13,000 small-arms, and other stores. Jackson's Report. After a brief rest, Jackson and Walker started to join their commander. By a severe night march, they reached Sharpsburg about noon on the 16th. General Walker says: The thought of General Lee's perilous situation, with the Potomac river on his rear, confronting with his small force McClellan's vast army, had haunted me through the long hours of the night's march. Sharpsburg, Battles andely-depleted ranks that Lee faced McClellan at Sharpsburg. The Federals, on the other hand, had moved slowly from around Washington, had an abundant commissariat, and were well clothed and in all respects well supplied. On the afternoon of the 16th, Hooker crossed the Antietam without opposition, and after a sharp assault on Hood's brigades, which had been moved to D. H. Hill's left before Jackson's arrival, bivouacked on that side of the river. The Sixth North Carolina was engaged in this
d was withdrawn to allow his men, who had been without food for three days, except a half ration of beef for one day, and green corn, to cook. The brigades of Trimble and Law, of Jackson's corps, took Hood's place on the line, Trimble connecting with Hill. During the night the Federals were not idle. General Mansfield, with the Twelfth corps, crossed and moved up behind Hooker. This made five Federal divisions ready to fall on the Confederate left in the morning. Before daylight on the 17th, the reverberation of cannon along the sluggish Antietam ushered in the most bloody one day's shock of battle yet seen on the western continent Before merciful night intervened to stop the fratricidal strife, 11,657 Federal soldiers lay dead or wounded on the river slopes, and almost 10,000 Southerners lay near them. The choicest soldiers of two great armies of countrymen had met, wrestled to sheer exhaustion for victory, and yet, as the day closed, the line of battle stood nearly as it beg
Chapter 7: Lee's Maryland campaign the March to Frederick City the lost order Mountain battles Crampton's gap Boonsboro vigorous skirmishing the surrender of Harper's Ferry by the Federals battle of Sharpsburg or Antietam First North Carolina cavalry with J. E. B. Stuart in Pennsylvania. Immediately after the Rappahannock campaign, General Lee, desiring if possible to inflict futher injury upon the enemy before the season for active operations passed, and believing that the best way to relieve Virginia was to threaten the North, decided to enter Maryland. He took the step fully aware that his army was poorly prepared for invasion. He knew, as he says, that his army was feeble in transportation, the troops poorly supplied with clothing, and thousands of them destitute of shoes, still he rightly felt that seasoned as his men were by active service, and filled with enthusiasm and confidence as they were by their successes, he could rely on them for much self-den
September 2nd (search for this): chapter 8
y on them for much self-denial and arduous campaigning. Moreover, the prospect of shifting the burden of military occupation from Confederate to Federal soil, and of keeping the Federals out of Southern territory, at least until winter prohibited their re-entering, was alluring. Accordingly, he ordered the divisions of D. H. Hill and McLaws and Hampton's cavalry, which had been left to protect Richmond, to join him. These forces reported to the commander-in-chief near Chantilly on the 2d of September. Between the 4th and the 7th, the entire Confederate army crossed the Potomac at the fords near Leesburg, and encamped in the vicinity of Frederick City. Of this army, thirty regiments of infantry, one battalion of infantry, one cavalry regiment, and four batteries were from North Carolina. These were distributed as follows: The Fifteenth regiment was in McLaws' division; Ransom's brigade of four regiments was under Walker, as also were the Twenty-seventh, Forty-sixth and Forty-ei
September 13th (search for this): chapter 8
order then, and preserved it until his death. Who lost the order from General Lee is not known, but it is absolutely certain that General Hill did not lose it. To relieve Harper's Ferry and to strike the divided Confederates, it became necessary for McClellan to pass through the gaps of South mountain, for the direct turnpike by Knoxville was not suited to military purposes. He accordingly put his army in motion to cut the enemy in two and beat him in detail. Order to Franklin, September 13th. Franklin and Couch were to move through Crampton's gap, and their duty was first to cut off, destroy, or capture McLaws' command, and relieve Colonel Miles at Harper's Ferry; if too late to aid Miles, they were to turn toward Sharpsburg to prevent the retreat of Longstreet and D. H. Hill, who were to be attacked by the main body. All the rest of McClellan's army set out, by way of Turner's gap and Fox's gap, for Boonsboro. This main part of the army was intended to crush Longstreet an
38. This official list, however, does not include the casualties in the Fifth, Twelfth and Fourteenth regiments. The following field officers, or acting field officers, were killed or mortally wounded: Gen. L. O'B. Branch, Gen. G. B. Anderson, Col. C. C. Tew, and Capts. W. T. Marsh and D. P. Latham, commanding Fourth North Carolina. The following field officers, or acting field officers, were wounded: Cols. Van H. Manning, R. T. Bennett, F. M. Parker, W. L. DeRosset; Lieut.-Cols. Sanders, W. A. Johnston, Thomas Ruffin (three times); Majs. R. F. Webb and S. D. Thruston; Captains (commanding regiments) S. McD. Tate and E. A. Osborne. In October, Gen. J. E. B. Stuart made a daring cavalry expedition into Pennsylvania. In this expedition the First North Carolina cavalry, Lieut.-Col. J. B. Gordon, took part. General Hampton in his official report commends the regiment, and especially the squadron commanded by Capt. W. H. H. Cowles, which had some special duties assigned to it.
lded banners making gay their gallant step. But these were no holiday soldiers; they struck long and hard, The losses in these two divisions in their attack on the center were 2,915. and in vastly superior force. So immovably, however, did the battle-tried North Carolinians and Alabamians, aided later by R. H. Anderson's division, Rebellion Records, Vol. XIX, p. 191, et seq. die in piles on the sunken road in which they fought, that they have made it immortal as Bloody Lane. Colonel Allan says: After a most gallant resistance, Hill was driven from the Bloody Lane. Anderson was involved in the defeat, and it looked as if the enemy was about to pierce the Confederate center. The noble efforts of many brave men prevented this result. The artillery was managed and served with a skill never surpassed. Fragments of commands fought with a splendid determination. As General Longstreet says, the brave Col. J. R. Cooke (Twenty-seventh North Carolina) showed front to the en
G. B. Anderson (search for this): chapter 8
front, and remained stationary. Half an hour later, Gen. G. B. Anderson arrived with his small North Carolina brigade. Anderson was sent to hold one of the two roads to the right of the turnpike, and nearer than the one on which Garland met his deaser with one regiment of cavalry and a few pieces of artillery occupied the other, and behaved gallantly during the day. Anderson made a gallant effort to recover the ground lost by Garland, but failed. Shortly after, Rodes' brigade reached the fielred to a commanding position considerably to the left of Colquitt. Ripley on arriving was directed to attach himself to Anderson's left. Anderson, thus strengthened, moved the Second and Fourth North Carolina forward to see what was in his front, aAnderson, thus strengthened, moved the Second and Fourth North Carolina forward to see what was in his front, and the Fourth was fired into by a whole brigade, which, however, did not follow the Fourth as it moved back to its position. A skirmish line attack on Colquitt was driven back. While waiting for reinforcements, all Hill's available artillery was ke
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