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France (France) (search for this): chapter 12
o much vexed at Shelburne's reluctance to engage in secret intrigues with Corsica, which resisted its cession by Genoa to France. The subject was, therefore, taken out of his hands and the act of bad faith conducted by his col- Chap. XXXV.} 1768. s not lost in supplying most of the articles requested by the Corsicans in the manner that would least risk a breach with France; and indeed many thousand stands of arms were furnished from the stock in the Tower, yet so as to give no indication that they were sent from Government. While British Ministers were enjoying the thought of baffling France, they had the vexation to find Paoli himself obliged to retire by way of Leghorn to England. But their notorious interference was treasured up in English in America are scarcely ten thousand men, and they have no cavalry; thus reasoned the dispassionate statesmen of France; but the militia of the Colonies numbers four hundred Chap. XXXV.} 1768. Aug. thousand men, and among them several regi
Orange, Ma. (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
h occupying rich lands, had little coin or currency; yet as the revenue of the Province was raised by a poll-tax, Boston Chronicle for Nov. 7-14, 1768. Tax in Orange for 1768, as stated by Edward Fanning. the poorest laborer among them must contribute towards it as much as the richest merchant. The sheriffs were grown insole all the way to Halifax. Memorandum preceding Grays Letter. Raising a clamor against the odiousness of rebellion, Fanning himself, as military Commander in Orange, called out seven companies of militia; Col. Fanning to Col. Gray, 13 April, 1768. but not above one hundred and twenty men appeared with arms, and of these, aovernor Tryon's Proclamation. he empowered Fanning to call out the militia of eight counties besides Orange, and suppress insurrections by force. The people of Orange, and equally of Anson, Rowan and Mecklenburg, were unanimous in their resolution to claim relief of the Governor. Flattery was, therefore, mixed with menaces, to
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
79, dates the Letter 4 Oct. But the system which made government subordinate to the gains of patronage, was every where producing its natural results. In South Carolina, the profits of the place of Provost-Marshal were enjoyed under a patent as a sinecure by a resident in England, See the Letters on the subject between the Committee of Correspondence of South Carolina and its Agent in England. whose deputy had the monopoly of serving processes throughout the Province, and yet was bound to attend courts nowhere but at Charleston. As a consequence the herdsmen near the frontier adjudicated their own disputes and regulated their own police, even at the risk of a civil war. Ramsay's History of South Carolina, i. 214, II. 125. The blood of rebels against oppression was first shed among the settlers on the branches of the Cape Fear River. The emigrants to the upland glades of North Carolina, though occupying rich lands, had little coin or currency; yet as the revenue of
Salem (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
ell, and Mr. Jenkinson. He represented that the determination to break the revenue laws was not universal; that the revenue officers who remained there were not insulted; that the spirit displayed in Boston, did not extend beyond its limits; that Salem and Marblehead made no opposition to the payment of the duties; that the people in the country would not join, if Boston were actually to resist Government; and that the four Commissioners at the castle could not return to town, till measures were authority of the statute of Henry the Eighth 35 Henry VIII. c. II. against treason committed abroad, might justify their being brought to England to be tried in the King's Bench. Hillsborough to Bernard, 30 Dec. 15, 1767. July, 1768. Salem, Compare Bernard to Hillsborough, 6 August, 1768; and Hallowell's examination. a town whose representatives, contrary, however, to the judgment of their constituents, voted in favor of rescinding, was indicated as the future capital of the Pro
Bedford, Mass. (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
ir petitions and memorial, expressed, said Blair, the President of the Council, with modesty and dutiful submission; but under the calmest language, uttering a protest against the right of Parliament to tax America for a revenue. The party of Bedford, and the Duke himself, spoke openly of the necessity of employing force to subdue the inhabitants of Boston, and to make a striking example of the most seditious, in order to inspire the other Colonies with terror. Frances to Choiseul, 29 Julle of Oct. 31–Nov. 7, 1768, p. 427, which must be an extract of a letter from Israel Mauduit to Hutchinson, written after this Cabinet meeting of the 27 of July, as appears from Same to Same, 10 Feb. 1769. All these are friends to the Duke of Bedford: they all agree in one sentiment about America, and the Duke of Grafton professes now to be of the same opinion. Lord Camden will go as far as any one in carrying it [the Act declaratory of the power to tax] into execution. Letter of 1768. T
Anson (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
ning, Record of the court at Hillsborough in Husband's Petition signed by near five hundred of Orange County, 30 April, 1768. Address of the inhabitants of Anson County, to Gov. Tryon, 1768. who loaded the titles to estates with doubts, Compare Sabine's Loyalists under Fanning. and charged illegal fees for recording new deeppeared with arms, and of these, all but a few stood neutral or declared in favor of the Regulators. F. Nash and T. Hart to Col. Fanning, 17 April, 1763. In Anson County Col. Spencer to Gov. Tryon, 28 April, 1768. on the twenty-first of April, a mob interrupted the inferior court; and, moreover, Address from the Inhabitants of Anson County to Tryon. bound themselves by oath The Oath, in Rules and Resolves of the Anson Mob. to pay no taxes, and to protect each other against warrants of distress or imprisonment. In Orange County the discontented did not harbor a thought of violence, Compare the Letter of the Regulators to Tryon, 30 May, 176
Haw River (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
r hopes of redress on the independent use of their elective franchise; being resolved to know and enjoy the liberties which they had inherited, without turning pale at the name of rebellion. An officer, said the inhabitants of the west side of Haw River, Request of the Inhabitants of the West Side of Haw River to the Assemblymen and Vestrymen of Orange County, 1768. is a servant to the public; and we are determined to have the officers of this country under a better and honester regulation.Haw River to the Assemblymen and Vestrymen of Orange County, 1768. is a servant to the public; and we are determined to have the officers of this country under a better and honester regulation. It was easy to foresee that the rashness of ignorant, though well-meaning husbandmen, maddened by oppression, would soon expose them to the inexorable vengeance of their adversaries. As one of the Regulators rode to Hillsborough, his horse was, in mere wantonness, seized for his levy, but was soon rescued by a party, armed with clubs and eleven muskets. Some one at Fanning's door showed pistols, and threatened to fire among them; upon which four or five heated, unruly persons in the crow
Bristol (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 12
68. Even Rockingham had lost all patience, saying the Americans were determined to leave their friends on his side the water, without the power of advancing in their behalf a shadow of excuse. N. Rogers to Hutchinson, 2 July, 1768. This was the state of public feeling, when, on the nineteenth of July, Hallowell arrived in London with letters giving an exaggerated account of what had happened in Boston on the tenth of June. The news was received with general dismay; London, Liverpool and Bristol grew anxious; stocks fell greatly, and continued falling. Rumors came also of a suspension of commerce, and there was a debt due from America to the merchants and manu facturers of England of four millions sterling. Frances to Choiseul, 22 July, 1768. In the Ministry, anger expelled every other sentiment, and nearly all united in denouncing vengeance, as they expressed it, against that insolent Chap. XXXV.} 1768. July. town of Boston. W. S. Johnson's P. S. to Letter of 23 July,
Mecklenburg (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
Tryon, who as the King's Representative, should have joined impartiality with lenity, made himself an open volunteer on the side of Fanning, Governor Tryon to Fanning, 27 April, 1768. and while he advised the Chap. XXXV.} 1768. Sept. people to petition the Provincial Legislature, Governor Tryon's Proclamation. he empowered Fanning to call out the militia of eight counties besides Orange, and suppress insurrections by force. The people of Orange, and equally of Anson, Rowan and Mecklenburg, were unanimous in their resolution to claim relief of the Governor. Flattery was, therefore, mixed with menaces, to allure the Regulators to sign a Petition which Fanning had artfully drafted, Plain and Simple Narration of Facts, 1768. and which rather invoked pardon than demanded redress. Paper offered for Signature at the Council of Regulators, 25 April, 1768. Petition to his Excellency, William Tryon, Esq. &c. &c., inclosed in the letter of Ralph McNair to Herman Husbands, wit
Madrid (Spain) (search for this): chapter 12
f the Colonies was the gravest and most momentous that England had had since 1688, and saw in America the beginning of a long and even infinite series of revolutions. The Americans, he insisted, must first be compelled to submit to the authority of Parliament; it is only after having reduced them to the most entire obedience that an inquiry can be made into their real or pretended grievances. Frances to Choiseul, 23 Sept. 1768. The subject interested every court in Europe, was watched in Madrid, and was the general theme of conversation in Paris, where Fuentes, the Spanish Minister, expressed the hope that the English might master their Colonies, lest the Spanish Colonies also should catch the flame. Walpole's George III., III. 253. I dread the event, said Camden; because the Colonies are more sober and consequently more determined in their present opposition than they were upon the Stamp Act. What is to be done? asked Grafton; and Camden answered, Indeed, my dear Chap.
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