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Turnpikes Past and present. In a press notice of Turnpikes of New England, its writer quotes rare Ben Johnson as saying: I turn up my axle like a turnpike. Having in his boyhood journeyed over the Medford turnpike and been held up thereon, not by highwaymen but by toll-gatherer, until the requisite coin was produced, the present writer can claim a slight acquaintance. But as rare Ben Johnson lived and flourished in the sixteenth century, there is no one in Medford who knew him personally, or saw him turn up his axle. Ask any of the older people in Medford what was or is a turnpike and the reply will be, Why, it was Mystic avenue; or, It is a road on which a toll is paid for the privilege of traveling thereon. But how did Ben Johnson turn up his axle (whatever that was) to make it resemble Mystic avenue or any other toll road? Upon consulting the dictionary, a great help in trouble, we find its definition of turnpike to be: Ordinary Language. (1.) A frame, co