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Wealth, pauperism, and crime in the North --Facts Reached by the Census.--We commend the following to attention; [from the New York Herald, April 3, 1861.] A view extending some fifty miles, having New York city as a focus of observation, presents much that is gratifying and much that is to be regretted. Before the free labor of the North should boast of its advantages over the slave labor of the South, on principles of humanity and philanthropy, it should carefully consider the pauperism and crime existing among us. There are about two millions of people inhabiting an area extending fifty miles from New York. The Metropolitan district contains about 1,300,000 people, who possess an aggregate wealth in real and personal estate of about one thousand millions of dollars. The assessors valued this property for 1859 at little over 750,000,000 and the census marshals added to this about 25 per cent. as the true or cash value, thus making about $1,000,000,000. This amount di