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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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December 30th (search for this): chapter 16
ksburg, but to cross at the Sedden House, six or seven miles below; while 2,500 cavalry, with 4 guns, crossing at Kelly's ford, were to raid across the Virginia Central, the Lynchburg and the Weldon Railroads, blowing up the locks on the James River Canal; crossing the Nottoway, and reporting to Gen. Peck, in command at Suffolk; while several other flying expeditions were to distract the enemy's attention and deceive him as to the significance of the general movement. He had just given Dec. 30. the initial impulse to this combined movement, when a telegram from the President arrested it; and, repairing at once to Washington, Gen. B. learned that representations had been made at headquarters by certain of his subordinates, prompted and sustained by others, that, if he were permitted to proceed, in the existing temper of the army, he would inevitably incur disasters so grave as to signally belittle, if not wholly efface, those of the recent failure. In deference to these represent
at this army was a full match, on equal ground, for its more homogeneous, better disciplined, more self-assured, more determined antagonist. Gen. Hooker very properly devoted the two ensuing months to improving the discipline, perfecting the organization, and exalting the spirit of his men; with such success that he had, before their close, an army equal in numbers and efficiency to any ever seen on this continent, except that which Gen. McClellan commanded during the first three months of 1861. Its infantry was nearly, if not quite, 100,000 strong ; its artillery not less than 10,000, every way well appointed; while its cavalry, numbering 13,000, needed only a fair field and a leader to prove itself the most effective body of horsemen ever brigaded on American soil. Horses and forage having both become scarce in the South, there was not, and never had been, any cavalry force connected with any Rebel army that could stand against it. Being at length ready, Hooker dispatched
November 8th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
ahannock, and advances to Chancellorsville his right wing turned and shattered by Jackson Pleasanton checks the enemy Jackson mortally wounded desperate fighting around Chancellorsville Hooker stunned our army recoils Sedgwick storms Marye's Heights strikes Lee's rear is driven across the river Hooker recrosses also Stoneman's raid a failure Longstreet assails Peck at Suffolk is beaten off with loss. Gen. Burnside reluctantly, and with unfeigned self-distrust, succeeded Nov. 8, 1862. to the command of the Army of the Potomac. The devotion to McClellan of its principal officers, and of many of their subordinates, was so ardent that any other commander must have had a poor chance of hearty, unquestioning support; and Burnside would gladly have shrunk from the ordeal. Having no alternative, however, but disobedience of orders, he accepted the trust, and immediately commenced preparations for a movement of his forces down the Rappahannock to Fredericksburg, which he ha
December 13th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
any mortal men could have carried the position before which they were wantonly sacrificed, defended as it was, it seems to me idle for a moment to believe. But the bodies which he in dense masses within 40 yards of the muzzles of Col. Walton's guns are the best evidence what manner of men they were who pressed on to death with the dauntlessness of a race which has gained glory on a thousand battle-fields, and never more richly deserved it than at the foot of Marye's Heights on the 13th day of December, 1862. of its number strewed the ground; when the remnant fell back to a position of comparative safety, and were succeeded as they had been supported, by other brigades and division,; each to be exposed in its turn to like pitiless, useless, hopeless slaughter. Thus Hancock's and French's corps were successively sent up against those slippery heights, girdled with batteries, rising, tier above tier, to its crest, all carefully trained upon the approaches from Fredericksburg; while that
December 25th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
to withdraw it, and agree to serve wherever his aid might be required, allowing any order to be published that might be deemed essential to the public weal. Thus ended Jan. 28. Gen. Sumner, at his own request. and Gen. Franklin. with expressive silence. were relieved by the same order. Gen, Sumner died soon afterward, at Syracuse, N. Y. his command of the Army of the Potomac. During this Winter and the ensuing Spring, a number of raids were made by the Rebel cavalry: one Dec. 25, 1862. by J. E. B. Stuart across the Rappahannock to Dumfries, where 25 wagons and some 200 prisoners were taken, and thence toward Alexandria and around Fairfax Court House, burning the railroad bridge across the Accotink, and returning in triumph with their spoils; another, Feb. 16. by a party of Imboden's troopers, farther west, from the Valley to Romney, where the guards of a supply train were surprised and routed: 72 men, 106 horses, and 27 wagons taken and carried off; a third, Feb
and fortified for the Union not long after the recovery of Norfolk, and a fight had occurred Jan. 30. at Kelly's Store, eight miles south of it, between a Rebel force under Gen. Roger A. Pryor and a Union expedition under Gen. M. Corcoran, wherein both sides claimed the advantage. Our loss was 24 killed and 80 wounded. Pryor reports that his loss will not exceed 50; among them Col. Poage, 5th Virginia, and Capt. Dobbins, killed. Suffolk was never seriously threatened till the Spring of 1863, when Longstreet advanced April 10. against it with a force which Peck estimates at 40,000: 24,000 (three divisions) having been drawn from Lee's army; while D. I. Hill had brought a full division from North Carolina. There was sharp fighting during the ensuing week, but the advantages of shelter and of naval cooperation on our side overbalanced that of superior numbers; and every attempt to break through our rather extended lines was decidedly repulsed. A Rebel battery having been plant
January 20th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 16
ton that they were known among Secessionists in Washington two or three days after his first interview with the President — so he abandoned that movement; intending to make one somewhat different, in the course of a few days. This new movement contemplated a crossing in force at Banks's and at the United States fords, above Fredericksburg; the crossing below being also made, or at least menaced, as originally proposed: and again his preparations were perfected and his army now put Jan. 20, 1863. in motion ; when, at 10 P. M., there burst over it one of the severest and most trying storms ever experienced in that region. Snow, driving sleet, pouring rain, a general breaking up of the roads, hitherto hard and dry, and a chaos of the elements which rendered locomotion impossible and life under the drenching sky scarcely endurable, arrested that advance at its outset, and fixed our army in the mire wherein it for hours wretchedly, sullenly, hopelessly floundered. Daylight exposed
April 30th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 16
ieving not merely a great but a crushing victory. I have Lee's army in one hand and Richmond in the other, was his exulting remark to those around him as he rode up to the single but capacious brick house — at once mansion and tavern — that then, with its appendages, constituted Chancellorsville. But the order he issued thereupon evinces an amazing misapprehension of his real position and its perils. It reads as follows: headquarters army of the Potomac, camp near Falmouth, Va., April 30, 1863. It is with heartfelt satisfaction that the Commanding General announces to the army that the operations of the last three days have determined that our enemy must either ingloriously fly or come out from behind his defenses and give us battle on our own ground, where certain destruction awaits him. The operations of the 5th, 11th, and 12th corps have been a succession of splendid achievements. By command of Maj.-Gen. Hooker. S. Williams, Ass't Adjt.-Gen. A General who has but eig
J. Advanced (search for this): chapter 16
ps previous to the movement. B. Positions held by Rebel troops previous to the movement. C. Position taken and held by Union troops, April 29. D. Small force of Rebels routed. April 30. E. Farthest advance made by Union forces, May 1. F. Line which Union forces retired to and intrenched, May 1. G. Jackson's attack on the 11th corps, May 2. H. Position which Union forces retired to and intrenched. May 8. I. Heights at Fredericksburg carried by 6th corps, May 3. J. Advanced position attained by 6th corps. K. Interior line intrenched previous to retiring of Union forces across U. S. ford, night of May 5th. L. Route pursued by Jackson's forces. here concentrated in time to watch the development of Hookers offensive strategy. A reconnoissance down the old pike for three miles toward Fredericksburg having developed no hostile force, Gen. Hooker ordered May 1, 9 A. M. an advance of Sykes's regulars (3d division, 5th corps) on that road, followed by p
R. H. Anderson (search for this): chapter 16
of the woods. The fords of the Rappahannock next above Fredericksburg had been watched by Gen. Anderson with three brigades, some 8,000 strong; but Hooker's dispositions were so skillfully made the. Here Lee soon appeared from Fredericksburg, with the divisions of McLaws and the rest, of Anderson's own. Jackson, with those of A. P. Hill and Rhodes (late D. H. Hill's), had been watching our e against McLaws's left, in order to establish communication with Hooker along the river road. Anderson moved rapidly to the support of McLaws, and reached the church about 12 M., having marched 15 miles. Gen. Lee having arrived on the field, ordered Anderson to move round the church and establish his right on Early's left (Early having come up from Hamilton's crossing, in rear of the enemy). TheGen. Lee massed a heavy force upon this weakened part of the enemy, and, at a concerted signal, Anderson and Early rushed upon the enemy's left. The signal for the general attack was not given unt
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