at Harrisburg, wrote to the Secretary of War June 29th (page 407): I hold from Altoona along the Juniata and Susquehannah to Conowingo bridge above Havre-de-Grace (a distance of more than 200 miles). My whole force organized is, perhaps, 16,000 men. 5000 regulars can whip them all to pieces in an open field.
I am afraid they will ford the river in its present state.
Again, on the same day, to General Meade: I have only 15,000 men, such as they are, on my whole line—say 9,000 here.
Lieutenant Thomas, Adjutant-General, wrote to Secretary E. M. Staunton from Harrisburg July 1st (page 478): This is a difficult place to defend, as the river is fordable both above and below, and proceeds to comment upon the want of artillery and especially of practiced artillerists, and the deficiency of cavalry, and concludes: The excitement here is not so great as I found it in Philadelphia, and the people begin to understand that the fate of this city depends entirely upon the results of the operati
igh degree, involves and implies mental activity and diligent research.
There must be preliminary preparation both of an academic and a professional nature.
Assuming a fair degree of the first we may enlarge a little on the second.
The great exponent and apostle of the law, Sir William Blackstone, has to be studied.
The principles which he discusses and elaborates have to be read, digested, and stored away in the mind.
The student has to familiarize himself with Story and Adam's Equity, Smith's Mercantile Law, or some other work of like nature, has to be mastered.
The statute law of the State has to be learned, works of pleading and practice must be perused and made part of the mental equipment.
This preparation and these books necessitate the exercise of the intellectual faculties—their expansion and development.
Practice of the profession calls for more.
Cases have to be studied.
Principles of the law as they have been expounded and adjudicated in the courts, have to be le