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Augusta (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
of the Choctaw country, was delivered up. In all this England gained nothing for the time but an unhealthy station for her troops, for whom there was long no shelter but low huts of bark. To secure peace at the south, the Secretary of State had given orders Egremont to Governor Boone, 16 March, 1763. Boone to Egremont, 1 June, 1763. to invite a congress of the southern tribes, the Catawbas, Cherokees, Creeks, Chicasaws and Choctaws; and in a convention held on the tenth of November, at Augusta, at which the governors of Virginia and the colonies south of it were present, the peace with the Indians Treaty with the upper and lower Creeks, 10 Nov. 1763. Fauquier to Egremont, 20 November, 1763. McCall's History of Georgia, i. 301. of the south and southwest was ratified. The head man and chiefs of both the upper and lower Creek nations, whose warriors were thirty-six hundred in number, agreed to extend the frontier of the settlement chap. IX.} 1763. Nov. of Georgia. From thi
Nova Scotia (Canada) (search for this): chapter 9
w settlements would consist entirely of the king's tenants, Campbell, 7. and would owe their landlord a large annual rental. In the small West India islands, an agrarian law set bounds to the cupidity for land. Egmont, the new head of the admiralty, an upright and able, but eccentric man, preferred the feudal system to every form of government, and made a plan for establishing it in the isle of St. John. This reverie of a visionary he desired to apply to all the conquered countries, to Acadia and Canada on the north; and to the two Floridas on the south, which were to be divided into great baronies, each composed of a hundred vassals. In each province there were to be castles, fortified, casemated, chap. IX.} 1763. Oct. and armed with cannon, placed near enough to preserve a connection. The contemptuous neglect of his project M. Frances an Duc de Choiseul, à Londres le 21 8bre. 1768. II meprise les talens de M. Grenville et bait sa personne inclined him to think lightly o
Manhattan, Riley County, Kansas (Kansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
, 2. Same in the London Daily Advertiser and Morning Chronicle of July 22, 1769, and in Boston Gazette of 9 Oct., 1796, 757. 2. 1. Compare what Lieut.-Governor Sharpe, of Maryland, and Temple, the Surveyor-General of the Customs say of Bernard's integrity in revenue affairs. had invalidated; and this brought him in conflict with the spirit which Otis had aroused in Boston, and which equally pre- chap. IX.} 1763. Oct. vailed among the descendants of the Dutch of New-York. The island of Manhattan lay convenient to the sea, sheltered by other islands from the ocean; having safe anchorage in deep water for many miles along its shores, inviting the commerce of continents, of the near tropical islands, and of the world. To-day its ships, fleet, safe, and beautiful in their forms, exceed in amount of tonnage nearly twice over all the commercial marine of Great Britain at the moment of Grenville's schemes. Between its wharfs and the British harbors, its packets run to and fro, swiftly
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
ght under the charter of their native colony was in conflict with the territorial jurisdiction of the proprietaries of Pennsylvania. The mild climate of the south drew the herdsmen till further into the interior. In defiance of reiterated royal mans, and yet gratify the landed gentry. It was under such circumstances that Thomas Penn, one of the proprietaries of Pennsylvania, with Allen, a loyal American, then Chief Justice of Pennsylvania under a proprietary appointment, and Richard JacksonPennsylvania under a proprietary appointment, and Richard Jackson, sought an interview with Grenville. They seem to have offered no objection to the intended new act of trade; but reasoned against entering on a system of direct taxation. The stamp-duty, they said, was an internal regulation; and they entreated thether we shall succeed is not certain. However, a few days will determine. Thomas Penn, one of the proprietaries of Pennsylvania, to James Hamilton, the Lieutenant-Governor. London, 9 March, 1764. The original is in the possession of our America
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
dependent governments. Campbell, 17, 18. The boundary of Massachusetts, both on the east and on the north, was clearly defined; extends, of which the extent chap. IX.} 1764. Jan. was kept secret. Massachusetts, in January, 1764, with a view to effect the greatest possible o oppose it; J. Mauduit, 11 February, 1764. and the agent of Massachusetts made a merit of his submission. Jasper Mauduit's letter to tuel Adams's opinion of Thomas Pownall. who had been Governor of Massachusetts, and is remembered as one who grew more and more liberal as he erted with Israel Mauduit, acting for his brother; the agent of Massachusetts, and was nothing less than the whale fishery. Jasper Mauduit, the Agent of Massachusetts. Report of Privy Council, 7 March. Order in Council, 9 March, 1764. Great Britain had sought to com- chap. Insive commercial system. Even Thomas Pownall, once governor of Massachusetts, who, not destitute of liberal feelings, had repeatedly predict
Littleton (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
erogative and the people of Virginia. When a boy, he had learned something of Latin; of Greek, the letters; but nothing methodically. It had been his delight to wander alone with the gun or the angling-rod; or by some sequestered stream to enjoy the ecstasy of meditative idleness. He married at eighteen; attempted trade; toiled unsuccessfully as a farmer; then with buoyant mind resolved on becoming a lawyer; and answering questions successfully by the aid of six weeks study of Coke upon Littleton and the Statutes of Virginia, he gained a license as a barrister. For three years the novice dwelt under the roof of his father-in-law, an inn-keeper near Hanover Courthouse, ignorant of the science of law, and slowly learning its forms. On the first day of December, as Patrick Henry entered the court, before which he had never spoken, chap. IX.} 1763. Dec. he saw on the bench more than twenty clergymen, the most learned men in the colony; and the house was filled and surrounded by a
France (France) (search for this): chapter 9
reach the Acts of Navigation. Forged letters of Montcalm, too, were exhibited to Grenville, That these letters, of which I have a copy, were shown to Grenville, is averred by Allon, Biographical Anecdotes, II. 99. On matters which were known to Lord Temple, Almon's evidence merits consideration. That they are forgeries, appears from their style, from their exaggeration, from their want of all authentication, from the comparison, freely and repeatedly allowed by successive ministries in France, of all the papers relating to the conquest of Canada, or to Montcalm. The fabrication and sale of political papers and secrets was, in the last century, quite a traffic. in which American independence at an early day was predicted as the consequence of the conquest of Canada. Lord Mansfield, who believed the letters genuine, Debate in the house of Lords. was persuaded, as were others, that the dependence of the colonies was endangered. Further: Grenville had been made to believe tha
Salem (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
resent age will not admit of a reform in this respect, perhaps the provision now made may be the next best expedient. which usage and corruption I, Sampson Toovey, clerk to James Cockle, Esq., Collector of His Majesty's Customs for the port of Salem, do declare on oath, that ever since I have been in the office, it hath been customary for said Cockle to receive of the masters of vessels entering from Lisbon, casks of wine, boxes of fruit, &c., which was a gratuity for suffering their vessels used to share with Governor Bernard. And I further declare that I used to be the negotiator of this business, and receive the wine, fruit, &c., and dispose of them agreeable to Mr. Cockle's orders. Witness my hand, Sampson Toovey. Essex Co. Salem, Sept. 27, 1764. Then Mr. Francis Toovey made oath to the truth of the above, before Benjamin Pickman, J. Peace. Boston Gazette, 12 June, 1769. No. 741, 3, 2. Same in the London Daily Advertiser and Morning Chronicle of July 22, 1769, and in
Walpole (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
of every particular colony; and the colonies must much more contribute interchangeably to the advantage of each other. Such was the system of regulations for the colonies, prepared under the direction of Grenville, with minute and indefatigable care. It was after these preparations, that on the memorable ninth day of March, 1764, George Grenville made his first appearance in the House of Commons as Chancellor of the Exchequer, to unfold the budget. He did it with art and ability. Walpole's Memoirs of George III. i, 389. Thomas Whately's Considerations. He boasted that the revenue was managed with more frugality than in the preceding reign. He explained his method of funding the debt. He received great praise for having reduced the demands from Germany. The whole sum of these claims amounted to nearly nine millions of pounds, and were settled for about thirteen hundred thousand pounds. The demands from the Landgrave of Hesse still exceeded seventeen hundred thousand poun
Missouri (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
ong protracted siege drew near its end. The belts sent in all directions by the French, reached the nations on the Ohio and Lake Erie. The Indians were assured Neyon de Villiere à toutes les nations de la Belle Riviere, et du lac, et notamment à ceux de Detroit, à Pondiac, chef des Couata souas au Detroit. that their old allies would depart; the garrison in the Peorias was withdrawn; the fort Massiac was dismantled; its cannon sent to St. Genevieve, the oldest settlement of Europeans in Missouri. The missionary, Forget, retired. At Vincennes Letter of M. de St. Ange, of 24 Octobre, in Lettre de M. de Neyon à M. de Kerlerec, ler, Xbre. 1763. the message to all the nations on the Ohio was explained to the Piankishaws, who accepted the belts and the calumets. The courier who took the belt to the north, offered peace to all the tribes wherever he passed; De Neyon a Kerlereo, 1 Dec. 1763. and to Detroit, where he arrived on the last day of October, he bore a letter of the na
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