uards and yet affording them no pretext for punishment.
The passion for gambling was even stronger in prison than out. Prisoners staked their food, their clothing, their blankets, their most precious belongings which had escaped the
Southerners under guard by the prison–bolts and walls of Fort Warren
Perhaps the Confederate prisoner with the shawl in this photograph feels the Northern atmosphere somewhat uncongenial, but his companions are evidently at ease.
Not every man is a Mark Tapley who can keep cheerful under creditable circumstances.
But where the prisoners were men of some mentality they adopted many plans to mitigate the monotony.
The Confederate officers at Johnson's Island had debating societies, classes in French, dancing, and music, and a miniature government.
From left to right the men standing, exclusive of the two corporals on guard, are C. W. Ringgold, F. U. Benneau, S. DeForrest, J. T. Hespin, J. P. Hambleton, and M. A. Hardin; and the four men seated ar