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Morris Island (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 6.33
ict one of the bloodiest defeats known in history upon the powerful column that General Gillmore sent to storm it. Nor is this all: subjected to an incessant, daily bombardment from Dahlgren's fleet and Gillmore's breaching batteries and mortars for fifty days, or until the Federal troops had dug their way up to the glacis and planted their flag on the very verge of the counter scarps of that work, such was the system that the defence was crowned by an evacuation of Battery Wagner and of Morris' Island, which has no parallel in ancient or modern warfare for its skill. Moreover, the works on James' Island, which enabled Beauregard's small force on the 16th of July, 1863, to defeat so signally the strong column under General Terry, were parts of a wholly different system and of other description than those in existence upon the same island when the battle of Secessionville was fought on the 16th of June, 1862. A like radical difference characterized the arrangements made for the defe
Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 6.33
the military sense, which assuredly was that so occupied by Beauregard — the city of Charleston. Nevertheless, the matchless defence of that port, the most sailent feature of Confederate operations on that theatre of war in point of skill and the courage of the troops, was fully equalled at nearly every point in the department assailed. There was to be defended from serious penetration a coast line of 350 to 400 miles, with such harbors as Bull's and Winyan bays, mouth of Stono river; Port Royal, mouth of Savannah river, and Brunswick — all in possession of the enemy, whose armed fleets and transports swarmed all the waters, while an army generally 20,000 strong could, at any time, with abundant means of water transportation at command, be thrown upon any point left vulnerable, from Georgetown, in South Carolina, to Jacksonville, Florida, with all the material advantage given by the possession of the interior lines in military operations, superadded to freedom from observation, wh
nd political expedition into Florida; and when that skill-fully planned expedition was brought to signal disaster at Olustee, on the 20th February, 1864, it was Colquit's brigade, whose opportune appearance on the field on John's Island had been so effective, which, by its precisely timed arrival, contributed even more decisively to the victory over Seymour. It was under similarly changed or modified dispositions of the defensive resources (material and personnel) of the department, that Brannan's column of more than 4,000 infantry, with two sections of field artillery and a naval detachment with three boat howitzers, was badly defeated at Pocotaligo in October, 1862, by less than five hundred men and twelve pieces of field artillery. The same may be said of the works at Fort McAllister, when it beat the ironclad Federal fleet so handsomely, and indeed of the whole defensive system around Savannah. General Long observes that the Coosawhatchie was the centre of the defensive sys
Richard Henry Lee (search for this): chapter 6.33
e concluding paragraphs that I shall here reproduce them. General Lee received an order about the middle of March (1862), assigning hig of security and confidence. We perceive in this campaign of General Lee in Georgia and South Carolina results achieved by a single geniuculable force. General Long, as he says, was on the staff of General Lee during the time in question, but was not in the Department of So of South Carolina and Georgia after October, 1862. That what General Lee did was in character with the ability of that distinguished man,erton, as I have always understood, had materially departed from General Lee's plan of defensive works for the department. Be that so or not centre of the defensive system of that department as planned by General Lee, who established his headquarters there. Geographically Coosawhns and details, including a creative military administration. General Lee's own reputation, which rests solidly upon his own resplendent d
D. D., Secretary Southern Historical Society: Dear Sir--General Long's sketch in the February number of the Southern Histommunication between the Mississippi and the Potomac. General Long omits from consideration the particularly great value old have been accomplished by an incalculable force. General Long, as he says, was on the staff of General Lee during thet defence I do not propose to relate, but I must assure General Long and his readers, of what can be readily substantiated, mmand, instead of being that impenetrable barrier which General Long supposes — opposed to the mighty naval forces of Dupontnah. And so comprehensive were these changes, that had General Long chanced to visit those two places and the intermediate ndeed of the whole defensive system around Savannah. General Long observes that the Coosawhatchie was the centre of the douth Carolina and Georgia as is given by the article of General Long, I doubt not unconscious of the injustice thus done to
John William Jones (search for this): chapter 6.33
Seacoast defences of South Carolina and Georgia. To Rev. J. William Jones, D. D., Secretary Southern Historical Society: Dear Sir--General Long's sketch in the February number of the Southern Historical Papers, under the pregnant title seacoast defences of South Carolina and Georgia, seems to call for some notice at my hands as Chief of Staff, for nearly two years, of the forces that successfully held those defences against all assailants by sea or land, during that period. The whole drift or reach of that sketch is so clearly indicated in the concluding paragraphs that I shall here reproduce them. General Lee received an order about the middle of March (1862), assigning him to duty in Richmond, in obedience to which he soon after repaired to that place. The works that he had so skillfully planned were now near completion. In three months he had established a line of defence from Winyan bay on the northeast coast of South Carolina, to the mouth of Saint Mary's river
ch General Long supposes — opposed to the mighty naval forces of Dupont and Dahlgren, acting in co-operation with the large army commanded by such an engineer as Gillmore, they would have proved almost as slight an obstacle as if they had been built of lath and plaster, and garnished with culverins. Pemberton, as I have always ssels, together with several land batteries, but remained in condition to inflict one of the bloodiest defeats known in history upon the powerful column that General Gillmore sent to storm it. Nor is this all: subjected to an incessant, daily bombardment from Dahlgren's fleet and Gillmore's breaching batteries and mortars for fiftGillmore's breaching batteries and mortars for fifty days, or until the Federal troops had dug their way up to the glacis and planted their flag on the very verge of the counter scarps of that work, such was the system that the defence was crowned by an evacuation of Battery Wagner and of Morris' Island, which has no parallel in ancient or modern warfare for its skill. Moreover,
and mortars for fifty days, or until the Federal troops had dug their way up to the glacis and planted their flag on the very verge of the counter scarps of that work, such was the system that the defence was crowned by an evacuation of Battery Wagner and of Morris' Island, which has no parallel in ancient or modern warfare for its skill. Moreover, the works on James' Island, which enabled Beauregard's small force on the 16th of July, 1863, to defeat so signally the strong column under General Terry, were parts of a wholly different system and of other description than those in existence upon the same island when the battle of Secessionville was fought on the 16th of June, 1862. A like radical difference characterized the arrangements made for the defence of John's Island, and aided General Wise to inflict a handsome defeat upon the strong Federal column which was pushed out by that way in February, 1864, to strike and break Beauregard's communications with Savannah, and occupy h
in menace, on the coast when he commanded in that quarter. But the truth of history obliges me to state that the defensive resources which Beauregard (relieving Pemberton) found in the department when he entered upon command, instead of being that impenetrable barrier which General Long supposes — opposed to the mighty naval forcesuch an engineer as Gillmore, they would have proved almost as slight an obstacle as if they had been built of lath and plaster, and garnished with culverins. Pemberton, as I have always understood, had materially departed from General Lee's plan of defensive works for the department. Be that so or not, the system which Beaureg of the magnitude that no other single work, of any size or armament, ever had brought to bear upon it, was, in no respect save the site, the same work which General Pemberton had left there. As Beauregard prepared it and the supporting batteries, it not only bore the brunt successfully, on the 18th of July, 1863, for eight hours
s me to state that the defensive resources which Beauregard (relieving Pemberton) found in the department when he entered upon command, instead of being that impenetrable barrier which General Long supposes — opposed to the mighty naval forces of Dupont and Dahlgren, acting in co-operation with the large army commanded by such an engineer as Gillmore, they would have proved almost as slight an obstacle as if they had been built of lath and plaster, and garnished with culverins. Pemberton, as skill, which must have met and pleased his eyes in the department, any trace of what he had left there something more than one year before. For example, the Fort Sumter and works on Sullivan's Island, which fought and defeated the fleet of Admiral Dupont on the 6th of April, 1863, were, in nothing else scarcely than the terrain on which they stood, the same works that Beauregard had found constructed. As arranged by him, on that day they encountered a naval onset more formidable, from the ch
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