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Browsing named entities in a specific section of An English Combatant, Lieutenant of Artillery of the Field Staff., Battlefields of the South from Bull Run to Fredericksburgh; with sketches of Confederate commanders, and gossip of the camps.. Search the whole document.

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Washington (search for this): chapter 20
bitious Generals attack on Dam no. One frightful destruction of life horrible Neglect of the wounded by the Federals a Texan in search of a pair of boots. Our batteries along the Potomac below Washington had been so active during winter as to completely blockade the capital, causing much distress and privation among its inhabitants, so that the army itself could not be regularly supplied, and hundreds of horses were dying for want of forage. The only railroad that communicated with Washington was overworked night and day: the Washington and Ohio Canal was broken up, and an immense number of vessels were detained in the Lower Potomac, unable or afraid to run the gauntlet of our batteries scattered up and down the stream. It was in vain that the United States gunboats would sometimes cannonade at long range, and attempt to silence us: when their convoys arrived abreast of some patch of wood, an unknown battery would suddenly open, and sink them with apparent ease. For many week
G. T. Beauregard (search for this): chapter 20
nd. When the war broke out, Robert E. Lee was a lieutenant-colonel of cavalry in the United States army, but was generally considered to be the first engineer in the service. lie had greatly distinguished himself in Mexico, and shared with Beauregard the highest honors of that campaign. It was Scott's practice never to patronize subordinate talent, although all his renown was achieved by it; so that while he continually thrust himself upon popular favor, and obtained the highest rank possi Minister of War, and, upon going to Richmond, was installed in that office, and fulfilled its Herculean duties with great talent and despatch. The line of the Rapidan and Rappahannock rivers was selected by him as our point of defence; while Beauregard preferred Manassas and Bull Run-much inferior situations, although accidental victory crowned our efforts and immortalized the latter place. The defeat of Pegram in Western Virginia by McClellan and Rosecrans, at Rich Mountain, occurred before
Albert Sidney Johnston (search for this): chapter 20
at Snickersville a general retreat is ordered by Johnston he retires to Culpeper Court House, and makes hividently intending to flank and get in the rear of Johnston by passing through the mountain gap at Snickersville. This, of course Johnston wisely foresaw, and during winter had been quietly transporting his immense storhis troops during the heaviest part of the winter, Johnston had granted thirty days furlough to all of the twerise and capture of Centreville and Manassas, when Johnston suddenly gave orders for a general retreat, and al it fills me with impartial admiration for Lee and Johnston, together with many talented subordinates. Each a both McClellan and Burnside believed that Lee and Johnston were there before them. The whole army, however, cooped up, to be destroyed at leisure. Lee and Johnston saw that our position was untenable, but determine; Magruder the right; Longstreet the centre; while Johnston was chief over all. Many episodes and incidents wo
ty to the Yorktown Peninsula, thinking to surprise Magruder at Yorktown, and quietly seize Richmond before anyin strength to oppose them. For ten days, indeed, Magruder displayed his ten thousand men and few guns to sucatch the peninsula. This duty was assigned to General Magruder, who often ventured to the vicinity of Newporthe campaign of 1861 before Scott, by marching upon Magruder in the hope of overwhelming him. Having made his p a much inferior force in less than sixty minutes. Magruder remained master of the peninsula, and scoured the Yankee lines. Following the example of Butler, Magruder set the contrabands to work on his chain of fortifnd shallow; and as it was generally dry in summer, Magruder had made a series of dams, which held the waters aression was: These immense works are a monument of Magruder's skill and industry, but are of no avail, for thel D. H. Hill commanded Yorktown and the left wing; Magruder the right; Longstreet the centre; while Johnston w
a neighboring hill, the scene was like a grand illumination, for many miles. The Yankees in Maryland and from Sugar-Loaf Observatory could not understand it at all, and their telegraph lights and rockets were working in all directions: It is true enough that much property was thus destroyed which did not belong to us; but we had previously offered to purchase these large crops; the owners knew we were about to depart, and would not receive Confederate scrip. Besides, they were well-known Unionists, and although not one of then had ever been molested or insulted, to my positive knowledge, we were obliged to destroy all such stores, or they would have fallen into the hands of the enemy. It seemed to be the desire of our generals, as far as practicable, to render the enemy's advance as irksome as possible — to make the once fair fields a barren waste. It did not require much to do this, for all the farmers had fled southward with movables and valuables, and had left their fields unto
Massachusetts Yankee (search for this): chapter 20
wever, could not keep quiet, and every chance that was presented was improved to slaughter the enemy, for they held them in profound contempt. The enemy devised a new plan for picketing. They owned a great many dogs, and when on outpost duty, Mr. Yankee would quietly light his pipe and play cards, while the dogs rambled through the woods, and gave the alarm of any approach! The faithfulness of their dogs saved them on many occasions from loss, for the animals would howl and retire from any onnd, and half-emptied the canteen at a draught. Setting down the can, he smacked his lips, and thus soliloquized: Well poor devil, he's gone, like a mighty big sight of 'em; but he was a gentleman, and deserved better luck. If he'd been a Massachusetts Yankee, I wouldn't a cared a darn! but these fellows are the right kind. They come along with good boots and pants, lots to eat, money in their pockets, and are no mean judges of whisky. These are the kind of fellows I like to fight! It was
Benjamin Huger (search for this): chapter 20
and industry, but are of no avail, for the enemy can ascend the rivers on either hand, and then we are emphatically cooped up, to be destroyed at leisure. Lee and Johnston saw that our position was untenable, but determined to hold. it until Huger, at Norfolk, should have dismantled his many fortifications, destroyed the naval establishments, and evacuated the seaboard. This was a military necessity. We had no navy, and could not expect to contend with a first-class naval power in arms ain its encounter with the United States vessels, and the names of the Merrimac, Manassas, Arkansas,. Sumter, and Nashville can never be forgotten; and it is doubtful whether any navy in the world did so much with such indifferent resources, While Huger was preparing to evacuate Norfolk, most of our troops were retracing their steps up the peninsula towards Richmond, and not one brigade was unnecessarily detained at Yorktown. General D. H. Hill commanded Yorktown and the left wing; Magruder the
sed in science and engineering was there displayed in elaborated earthworks; and sheer madness alone could induce the Federals to attempt the line by assault. McClellan saw at a glance the work before him, and prepared to approach by parallels, and shell us out at discretion, while the majority of his troops were elsewhere employed. It was conjectured that his true plan would be to arrest our attention by vigorous bombardments and a display of force in. front, while he strongly reenforced McDowell at Fredericksburgh, in order to move on Richmond from the north; fleets of gunboats and transports at the same time passing the extremities of our wings on York and James rivers, to throw strong forces on our flanks and rear. This was all seen by every intelligent soldier in the army, and the general expression was: These immense works are a monument of Magruder's skill and industry, but are of no avail, for the enemy can ascend the rivers on either hand, and then we are emphatically coope
Robert E. Lee (search for this): chapter 20
ock, but few knew their object or destination. Lee, however, who was now commander-in-chief, closeive lines, let me say a few words regarding General Lee and the various fortifications on this penin to Richmond. When the war broke out, Robert E. Lee was a lieutenant-colonel of cavalry in the. For all that Scott and the War Office cared, Lee might have lived and died a lieutenant-colonel,ns. Virginia having seceded from the Union, Lee tendered his services to his native State. His A few weeks after the Yankee rout at Manassas, Lee was sent to Western Virginia, with only a few rmmunication beyond all their necessities. What Lee needed in men he made up by skilful manoeuvres,orce — was large and superabundantly supplied. Lee, however completely foiled him on every occasio As Charleston (South-Carolina) was threatened, Lee left the care of his troops to Floyd, and took cally cooped up, to be destroyed at leisure. Lee and Johnston saw that our position was untenabl[3 more...]
Stonewall Jackson (search for this): chapter 20
shellings. A great move was evidently preparing by both parties, but few could guess its object. Banks and others at Harper's Ferry were in great force, and were beginning to move up the Shenandoah slowly and cautiously. General ( Stonewall ) Jackson had been detached from Manassas before Christmas, with about three thousand men, which, together with those already in the valley, might make a total of ten thousand, but certainly not more. He was ably seconded by Generals Ewell and Ashby, and, namely, westward, from Lovettsville and Harper's Ferry; northward, from Point of Rocks; eastward, from Edwards's Ferry; and our rear from Drainsville. It was thought by some that our movement would be directly westward into the Shenandoah, to Jackson, distant thirty miles; but a heavy force of the enemy was between that point and our present position, and were tightening the lines around us every day. An column had sought the Blue Ridge, and were passing south-westward, evidently intending t
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