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Eliza Frances Andrews, The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865, chapter 5 (search)
n eyes, in the hands of Confederate soldiers-right where it ought to be. The talk now is, judging from the ease with which Breckinridge was allowed to slip through this morning, that the military authorities are conniving at the escape of Mr. Davis. Breckinridge, when he found that the Philistines were about to be upon him, used a carefully planned stratagem of war to deceive Wilcoxson, by which he imagined that he gained time to destroy his papers and give him the slip, while in reality, they say, the Yanks were making no effort to detain him, and he might have gone openly with his papers unmolested. The general belief is that Grant and the military men, even Sherman, are not anxious for the ugly job of hanging such a man as our president, and are quite willing to let him give them the slip, and get out of the country if he can. The military men, who do the hard and cruel things in war, seem to be more merciful in peace than the politicians who stay at home and do the talking.
the Union's hopes and Halleck's fame, I cannot possibly imagine how it could have been more mortifyingly disastrous. If the attack at Shiloh was a surprise to General Grant, the evacuation of Corinth was no less a surprise to General Halleck. If the one ruined Grant, the other has laid out in pallid death the military name and faGrant, the other has laid out in pallid death the military name and fame of Major-General Halleck. The druggist says he was two weeks getting away. But aside from such testimony, could the army of Beauregard be removed so cleanly, and completely, and noiselessly, during a night, or day and night, or two days and two nights? Did it require the tremendous concussion of the magazine explosion to gl is a much better General than many who have been his superiors in command, and could do more with a division than half-a-dozen such men as General Pope. Sturges, Grant, Buell, Rosecrans, and others, who have displayed traits of genius under adverse circumstances, have never been called to chief command, simply because they were
a friend the forces of General Pillow surprised by Grant the Southern troops narrowly escape a defeat reenfne morning. In pursuance of his amiable purpose, Grant collected a fleet of large river steamboats, and emb the river makes a sudden bend, and behind this bend Grant disembarked his forces, and began to advance towardslow had been attacked by an overwhelming force under Grant, and that we were going to the rescue. In a shor and assumed command. He had scarcely done so, when Grant's advance opened fire, and the fight soon became fiellery. Having failed in his attack on the wings, Grant knew there was little time to spare, and repeatedly possession of our camps, and were firing them, that Grant would hurry forward his columns, and give us no timeding troops far up the river on his line of retreat, Grant immediately began to fall back, but had not proceededer these circumstances resistance was hopeless, and Grant reluctantly ordered a retreat, but while conducting
d as to be unaware of their advantages by the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers. Grant, who is now at Cairo, longs for an opportunity to retrieve his disgrace at Belm not long left in suspense. Buell dared not attack us in front, but waited for Grant to ascend the Cumberland in our rear. Our right flank was threatened also by ahe enemy had shown their strength on our right, and driven in Crittenden, while Grant was preparing to ascend the Cumberland. The fortifications were dismantled and at Bowling Green. His force was a small one, but well seasoned; so that, upon Grant appearing in the Cumberland, he was ordered to Fort Donelson, and was chief in to more than fifteen thousand men, and we had but little artillery. Very soon Grant steamed up the river, and having captured Fort Henry without difficulty, approahe departure of Pillow, he surrendered the fort and the remaining troops to General Grant, who spoke in complimentary terms of the splendid but useless resistance of
rty thousand strong, were hurrying on from Kentucky to join Grant, who, with eighty thousand men, was about to cross the Tenn rapid, skilful movements, contributing much to the rout of Grant and his large army at that place. He has proved himself ane appearance of confusion on one part of their line, though Grant had been informed of our vicinity the night before. As we d I am deaf even now; but feeling determined to pay off old Grant for our scrape at Donelson, our onset was fierce End dashinour o'clock, and Buell was reported as rapidly advancing to Grant's relief, but was yet several miles from the river's edge. ubted that ere the sun again rose, the whole of Buell's and Grant's forces combined would be hurled upon us. Although Beast shot. The shattered regiments and brigades collected by Grant gave ground before our men, and every one thought that victour newly acquired strength on the dispirited battalions of Grant, Buell poured in his fresh troops, and the fight became ter
vements of Beauregard's army in Mississippi, after the battle of Shiloh our defences at Corinth General Halleck takes command of the combined armies of Buell and Grant, and follows on to Corinth both armies intrench magnitude of the Federal works Beauregard suddenly retreats to Tullahoma policy of his retreat the Federals doecond day; of the first day's victory, of Albert Sydney Johnston's death; and of our reverse and retreat on the second day, before the combined armies of Buell and Grant. I also informed you that the retreat was covered by General Breckinridge, with his Kentuckians, and of the admirable manner in which he performed that difficult h Van Dorn and a few Arkansians, the trans-Mississippi campaign being considered closed for some time. Within a few days, we learned that the tremendous forces of Grant and Buell, combined under command of Halleck, were slowly advancing. It was reported that they swarmed over the country like locusts, eating or destroying every t
d the field hospital, and paid our respects to Surgeon Finley and lady. Here, much against our wills, we were compelled to empty a bottle of sherry. On the way to our own quarters Colonel Taylor insisted upon our calling with him to see a friend, with whom we were obliged to take a glass of ale. So that it was about dark when we three sober gentlemen drew near to our respective quarters. We had become immensely eloquent on the conduct of the war, and with great unanimity concluded that if Grant were to take Vicksburg he would be entitled to our profoundest admiration and respect. Hobart, as usual, spoke of his State as if it were a separate and independent nation, whose sons, in imitation of LaFayette, Kosciusko and DeKalb, were devoting their best blood to the maintenance of free government in a foreign land; while Taylor, incited thereto by this eulogy on Wisconsin, took up the cudgel for Kentucky, and dwelt enthusiastically on the gallantry of her men and the unrivaled beauty o
e Army of the East has won a decisive victory in Pennsylvania. This is grand! It will show the rebels that it will not do to put their feet on free soil. Now if Grant succeeds in taking Vicksburg, and Rosecrans drives Bragg beyond the Tennessee, the country will have reason to rejoice with exceeding great joy. July, 6 An oby water. This morning a hundred guns echoed among the mountain gorges over the glad intelligence from the East and South: Meade has won a famous victory, and Grant has taken Vicksburg. Stragglers and deserters from Bragg's army continue to come in. It is doubtless unfortunate for the country that rain and bad roads prevenot gingerbread also. I have eaten too much, and feel uncomfortable. Meade's victory has been growing small by degrees and beautifully less; but the success of Grant has improved sufficiently on first reports to make it all up. Our success in this department, although attended with little loss of life, has been very gratifying.
of the river, is attached to the boat, and the current is made to swing it from one shore to the other. November, 14 My fleet-footed black horse is dead. Did the new moon, which I saw so squarely over my left shoulder when riding him over Waldron's ridge, augur this? The rebel journals are expressing great dissatisfaction at Bragg's failure to take Chattanooga, and insist upon his doing so without further delay. On the other hand, the authorities at Washington are probably urging Grant to move, fearing if he does not that Burnside will be overwhelmed. Thus both generals must do something soon in order to satisfy their respective masters. There will be a battle or a footrace within a week or two. November, 15 Have read Whitelaw Reid's statement of the causes of Rosecrans' removal. He is, I presume, in the main correct. Investigation will show that the army could have gotten into Chattanooga without a battle on the Chickamauga. There would have been a battle here,
fortune to have attached to me the corps of General Howard, and the division commanded by yourself. I now desire to thank you personally and officially for the handsome manner in which you and your command have borne themselves throughout. You led in the pursuit of Bragg's army on the route designated for my command, and I admired the skill with which you handled the division at Chickamauga, and more especially in the short and sharp encounter, at night-fall, near Graysville. When General Grant called on us, unexpectedly and without due preparation, to march to Knoxville for the relief of General Burnside, you and your officers devoted yourselves to the work like soldiers and patriots, marching through cold and mud without a murmur, trusting to accidents for shelter and subsistence. During the whole march, whenever I encountered your command, I found all the officers at their proper places and the men in admirable order. This is the true test, and I pronounce your division
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