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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Noctua, Q. Caedi'cius consul, B. C. 289, and censor 283, is only known from the Fasti.
Phi'ntias 2. Tyrant of Agrigentum, who appears to have established his power over that city during the period of confusion which followed the death of Agathocles (B. C. 289), about the same time that Hicetas obtained the chief command at Syracuse. War soon broke out between these two despots, in which Phintias was defeated near Hybla. But this success having induced Hicetas to engage with a more formidable enemy, the Carthaginians, he was defeated in his turn, and Phintias, who was probably in alliance with that power, was now able to extend his authority over a considerable part of Sicily. Among the cities subject to his rule we find mention of Agyrium, which is a sufficient proof of the extent of his dominions. He at the same time made a display of his wealth and power by foundling a new city, to which he gave his own name, and whither he removed all the inhabitants from Gelis, which he razed to the ground. His oppressive and tyrannical government subsequently alienated the minds
e inscription on the statue in the Vatican gives the former). 1. An Athenian comic poet of the New Comedy, was the son of Cyniscus, and a native of Cassandreia in Macedonia. He is one of the six who are mentioned by the anonymous writer on Comedy (p. xxx.) as the most celebrated poets of the New Comedy. In time, he was the last, not only of these six, but of all the poets of the New Comedy. He began to exhibit dramas in the third year after the death of Menander, that is, in Ol. 122. 3, B. C. 289, so that his time falls just at the era in Greek literary history which is marked by the accession of Ptolemy Philadelphus. (Suid. s.v. Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. s. a. and p. ii.) Of the events of the poet's life nothing is known ; but his portrait is preserved to us in the beautiful sitting statue in the Vatican, which, with the accompanying statue of Menander, is esteemed by Winckelmann and others as among the finest works of Greek sculpture which have come down to us. (Visconti, Mus. Pi
revolted a second time against Demetrius, probably at the instigation of Pyrrhus; and while the Macedonian monarch proceeded in person to chastise the rebellious inhabitants, Pyrrhus effected a diversion in their favour by invading Thessaly, but was compelled to retire into Epeirus before the superior forces of Demetrius. In B. C. 290 Thebes surrendered, and Demetrius was thus at liberty to take vengeance on Pyrrhus and his Aetolian allies. Accordingly, he invaded Aetolia in the spring of B. C. 289, and after overrunning and ravaging the country almost without opposition, he marched into Epeirus, leaving Pantauchus with a strong body of his troops to keep the Aetolians in subjection. Pyrrhus advanced to meet him; but as the two armies took different roads, Demetrius entered Epeirus and Pyrrhus Aetolia almost at the same time. Pantauchus immediately offered him battle, in the midst of which he challenged the king to single combat. This was immediately accepted by the youthful monarch
oth′ing. Bricks left projecting at the end of a wall for the purpose of building on an addition thereto. Tooth′ing-plane. A plane in which the iron has a serrated edge and is placed upright. It is used for scoring surfaces which are to be veneered. The scoring helps the bond of the glue. Tooth-key. The tourniquet, or lever toothdrawer. Tooth-net. A large, anchored fishing-net. Tooth′pick. Agathocles was poisoned by a medicated toothpick handed him after dinner, 289 B. C. The toth-gare of the Anglo-Saxons. Made anciently, as now, of silver, wood, quill, and what not. Magnetic toothpicks were made at the end of the seventeenth century. Tooth-pow′der. Apuleius recommended charcoal; camphorated chalk is good. Tooth-plug′ger. See dental plugger, page 686; plugger, pages 1749, 1750. Tooth-saw. The dental saw is a fine framesaw, used for cutting off the natural teeth for the attachment of pivot teeth; for sawing between the teeth; or
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