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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 485 BC or search for 485 BC in all documents.

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Bibl. 239, p. 319, 29, ed. Bekker; Solin. 40.16.) He is ranked among the writers of the Ionic dialect. (Gram. Leid. ad calcem Gregor. Cor. p. 629; comp. Tzetz. Proleg. ad Lycoph. 690.) The exact date of Hipponax is not agreed upon, but it can be fixed within certain limits. The Parian marble (Ep. 43) makes him contemporary with the taking of Sardis by Cyrus (B. C. 546) : Pliny (36.5. s. 4.2) places him at the 60th Olympiad, B. C. 540: Proclus (l.c.) says that he lived under Dareius (B. C. 521-485) : Eusebius (Chron. Ol. 23), following an error already pointed out by Plutarch (de Mus. 6, vol. ii. p. 1133c. d.), made him a contemporary of Terpander; and Diphilus, the comic poet, was guilty of (or rather he assumed as a poetic licence) the same anachronism in representing both Archilochus and Hipponax as the lovers of Sappho. (Athen. 13.599d.) Hipponax, then, lived in the latter half of the sixth century B. C., about half a century after Solon, and a century and a half later than Archil
Maluginensis 1. SER. CORNELIUS COSSUS MALUGINENSIS, P. F., consul B. C. 485 with Q. Fabius Vibulanus, in which year Sp. Cassius was condemned. Maluginenses carried on war against the Veientes with success. (Liv. 2.41; Dionys. A. R. 8.77, 82.)
lost; and Mardonius himself, on his passage through Macedonia, was attacked at night by the Brygians, a Thracian tribe, who slaughtered a great portion of his army. He remained in the country till he had reduced them to submission; but his force was so weakened by these successive disasters, that he was obliged to return to Asia. His failure was visited with the displeasure of the king, and he was superseded in the command by Datis and Artaphernes, B. C. 490. On the accession of Xerxes, in B. C. 485, Mardonius, who was high in his favour, and was connected with him by blood as well as by marriage, was one of the chief instigators of the expedition against Greece, with the government of which he hoped to be invested after its conquest; and he was appointed one of the generals of the whole land army, with the exception of the thousand Immortals, whom Hydarnes led. After the battle of Salamis (B. C. 480), he became alarmed for the consequences of the advice he had given, and persuaded Xe
aditions respecting Onomacritus himself, as, for example, that he made interpolations in Homer as well as in Musaeus (Schol. in Horn. Od. 11.604 * For an elaborate discussion of the relation of Onomacritus to the literary history of the Homeric poems, see Nitzsch, Erklärende Anmerkungen zu Humer's Odyssee, vol. iii. pp. 336, &c.), and that he was the real author of some of the poems which went under the name of Orpheus. The account of Herodotus fixes the date of Onomacritus to about B. C. 520-485, and shows the error of those ancient writers who placed him as early as the fiftieth Olympiad, B. C. 580. (Clem. Al. Strom. i. p. 143, Sylb.; Tatian. ad v. Graec. 62, p. 38, Worth.) The account of Herodotus, respecting the forgeries of Onomacritus, is confirmed by Pausanias, who speaks of certain verses (e)/ph), which were ascribed to Musaeus, but which, in his opinion, were composed by Onomacritus, for that there was nothing which could be ascribed with certainty to Musaeus, except the hymn
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
years after the kings were expelled, and who is described in the Fasti as M. Valerius Vol. f. Volusus. Moreover, seeing that Potitus was consul a second time B. C. 470, that is, thirty-nine years after the expulsion of the kings, it is much more likely that he should have been a nephew than a brother of the man who took such a prominent part in the events of that time. We may, therefore, conclude with tolerable certainty that he was the nephew of Publicola. Potitus is first mentioned in B. C. 485, in which year he was one of the qwaestores parricidii, and, in conjunction with his colleague, K. Fabius, impeached Sp. Cassius Viscellinus before the people. [VISCELLINUS.] (Liv. 2.41; Dionys. A. R. 8.77.) He was consul in B. C. 483, with M. Fabius Vibulanus (Liv. 2.42; Dionys. A. R. 8.87), and again in 470 with Ti. Aemilius Mamercus. In the latter year he marched against the Aequi; and as the enemy would not meet him in the open field, he proceeded to attack their camp, but was prevente
Vibula'nus the name of the most ancient family of the Fabia gens. It was so powerful in the early times of the republic that three brothers of the family held the consulship for seven years in succession, B. C. 485-479. The last person of the gens who bore this surname was Q. Fabius Vibulanus, consul, B. C. 412. This Vibulanus assumed the agnomen of Ambustus; and his descendants dropt the name of Vibulanus and took that of Ambustus in its place. In the same way Ambustus was after a time supplanted by that of Maximus. [AMBUSTUS; MAXIMUS.]
Vibula'nus 1. Q. Fabius Vibulanus, K. F., consul B. C. 485 with Ser. Cornelius Cossus Maluginensis, carried on war with success against the Volsci and Aequi; but instead of dividing the booty among the soldiers, he sold it, and deposited the money arising from the sale in the public treasury. In this year Sp. Cassius Viscellinus was condemned to death. In B. C. 482 Fabius Vibulanus was consul a second time with C. Julius Julus. Both consuls marched against the Veientes, but as the enemy did not appear in the field, they devastated their land and returned home. In B. C. 480 Fabius fought under his brother Marcus [No. 3] against the Etruscans, and was killed in battle. (Liv. 2.41-43, 46; Dionys. A. R. 8.77, 82, 90, 9.11.)
Vibula'nus 2. K. Fabius Vibulanus, K. F., brother of the preceding, was quaestor parricidii in B. C. 485, and along with his colleague L. Valerius accused Sp. Cassius Viscellinus, who was in consequence condemned by the votes of the populus. Although the name of the Fabii had become hateful to the plebeians in consequence of Q. Fabius, who was consul this year, depriving the soldiers of the booty they had gained in the war, nevertheless the patricians carried the election of K. Fabius, who was accordingly consul in the following year B. C. 484 with L. Aemilius Mamercus. Kaeso took an active part with his colleague in opposing the agrarian law, which the tribunes of the people attempted to bring forward. According to Dionysius Kaeso came to the assistance of his colleague, who had been defeated by the Volsci, but Livy says nothing of Kaeso, and represents Mamercus as conquering the Volsci. (Liv. 2.41, 42; Dionys. A. R. 8.77, foil., 8.82-86.) Niebuhr supposes that a great change in the
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
gally passed, though never carried into execution. It must be recollected that the comitia of the tribes had no share in the legislature till the time of the Publilian law, and that the tribunes before the latter time had no power to bring forward a law of any kind : consequently, when we read of their agrarian law, as we do almost every year down to the time of the decemvirs, it must refer to a law which had been already enacted, but never carried into execution. In the following year, B. C. 485, Cassius was brought to trial on the charge of aiming at regal power, and was put to death. The manner of his trial and the nature of his death are differently stated in the ancient writers; but there can be little doubt that he was accused before the assembly of the curies by the quaestores parricidii, K. Fabius and L. Valerius, and was sentenced to death by his fellow patricians, who regarded him as a traitor to their order. Like other state criminals, he was scourged and beheaded. His h
Xerxes I. (*Ce/rchs), king of Persia B. C. 485-465. The name is said by Herodotus (6.98) to signify the warrior, but it is probably the same word as the Zend ksathra and the Sanscrit kshatra, " a king." Xerxes was the son of Dareius and Atossa. Dareius was married twice. By his first wife, the daughter of Gobryas, he had three children before he was raised to the throne; and by his second wife, Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus, he had four children after he had become king of Persia. Artabazanes,rxes, the eldest son of the latter, each laid claim to the succession; but Dareius decided in favour of Xerxes, no doubt through the influence of his mother Atossa, who completely ruled Dareius. Xerxes succeeded his father at the beginning of B. C. 485. Dareius had died in the midst of his preparations against Greece, which had been interrupted by a revolt of the Egyptians. The first care of Xerxes was to reduce the latter people to subjection. He accordingly invaded Egypt at the beginning of
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