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pain draw any unfavorable inference from this refusal; the rather, as the emphatic disclaimer of any designs against Cuba on the part of this Government, contained in the present note, affords all the assurance which the President can constitutionally, or to any useful purpose, give, of a practical concurrence with France and England in the wish not to disturb the possession of that island by Spain. Soon after the passage of the Nebraska bill, President Pierce, through a dispatch from Gov. Marcy as Secretary of State, Dated Washington, August 16, 1854. directed Messrs. James Buchanan, John Y. Mason, and Pierre Soule, our Embassadors at London, Paris, and Madrid respectively, to convene in some European city, there to confer with regard to the best means of getting possession of Cuba. They met accordingly at Ostend, October 9, 1854. and sat three days; adjourning thence to Aix-la-Chapelle, where they held sweet council together for several days more, and the result of their
amilton, 357; 497. Madisonian, The, letter from Gilmer to, 156. Magoffin, Beriah, of Ky., elected Governor, 333; his Union Address, 340; his answer to the Presidents requisition, etc., 460; his Message, 492-3; 493; 494; 496; 509; 609; his letter to the President, 610; the reply, 611; Message, 611, 612; Zollicoffer to, 613. Magrath, Judge, of S. C., 336; 345. Magruder, J. B., 506; 529; 531. Maine, admission of into the Union, 79-80; 326. Mallory, Stephen R., of Fla., 429. Marcy, Gov., of N. Y., 122; extract from his Message, 124; 186; 222; 273. Markle, Capt., (Union,) killed at Belmont, 597. Marmaduke, Col., routed at Booneville, Mo., 574. Marshall, Chief Justice, 106; 109; 110; 252. Marshall, Humphrey, of Ky., 539; 614 Marston, Col. Gilman, at Bull Run, 525. Martin, Luther, 44; 107. Maryland, 36; first Abolition Society in, 107; 142; withdraws from the Douglas Convention, 318; 849; population in 1860, 351; 461; 468; Butler lands at Annapolis,
r than before. About 6 P. M., we ran a little farther up, and threw in a few shell with good effect. 9 P. M. The firing has about ceased. News on shore--Slaughter immense--Enemy in full retreat. 10 P. M. McClellan has just returned with Gen. Marcy. Mae says They took one gun from us yesterday; but to-day we have taken many of their guns and colors. Yes, said Marcy, we whipped them like the devil to-day. 12 M. From what I can gather from the conversation of McClellan. we may exMarcy, we whipped them like the devil to-day. 12 M. From what I can gather from the conversation of McClellan. we may expect to see the major part of the army at Harrison's Landing to-morrow. Gen. McClellan, in his report, says: I left Haxall's for Malvern soon after day-break. Accompanied by several general officers, I once more made the entire circuit of the position, and then returned to Haxall's, whence I went with Capt. Rodgers to select the final location for the army and its d, depots. I returned to Malvern before the serious lighting commenced; and, after riding along the lines, and seeing most
ps is in motion; started about 6 A. M. I can give him but two squadrons of cavalry. I propose moving Gen. Cox to Upton's Hill, to hold that important point with its works, and to push cavalry scouts to Vienna, via Freedom Hill and Hunter's Lane. Cox has two squadrons of cavalry. Please answer at once whether this meets your approval. I have directed Woodbury, with the Engineer brigade, to hold Fort Lyon, however. Detailed last night two regiments to the vicinity of Forts Ethan Allen and Marcy. Meagher's brigade is still at Acquia. If he moves in support of Franklin, it leaves us without any reliable troops in and near Washington. Yet Franklin is too weak alone. What shall be done? No more cavalry arrived; have but three squadrons. Franklin has but forty rounds of ammunition, and no wagons to move more. I do not think Franklin is in condition to accomplish much, if he meets with serious resistance. I should not have moved him but for your pressing order of last night. What
llandigham, of Ohio, while ably advocated by Mr. Bingham, of Ohio; and passed by a (substantially) party vote: Yeas 83; Nays 44. Having been received by the Senate and referred to its Military Committee, it was duly reported March 4. therefrom by Mr. II. Wilson; vehemently opposed by Messrs. Garret Davis, of Ky., Carlile, of Va., Saulsbury, of Del., and supported by Messrs. Wilson, of Mass., Howard, of Michigan, Sherman, of Ohio, McDougall, of Cal., and Anthony, of R. I., and passed: Marcy 10. Yeas 29; Nays 9--a party vote, save that Mr. McDougall, of Cal., voted Yea. The bill thus enacted was approved by the President, March 13th, 1862. Gen. Wilson, upon evidence that the above act was inadequate to restrain the negro-catching propensitives of some officers in the service, proposed April 3. further action to the same end; and the Senate considered April 14. his resolution of inquiry. Mr. Grimes, of Iowa, in supporting it made a statement as follows: In the month
of Ky., moved Dec. 21, 1863. to insert-- Provided, That no part of the moneys aforesaid shall be applied to the raising, arming, equipping, or paying of negro soldiers. Which was likewise beaten: Yeas 41; Yays 105--the Yeas (all Democrats) being Messrs. Ancona, Bliss, James S. Brown, Coffroth, Cox, Dawson, Dennison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Finck, Grider, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Charles M. Harris, Philip Johnson, William Johnson, King, Knapp, Law, Long, Marcy, McKinney, William II. Miller, James R. Morris, Morrison, Noble, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Sainuel J. Randall, Rogers, Ross, Scott, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Yeaman. No other War measure was so strenuously, unitedly, persistently, vehemently resisted by the Opposition, whether Democratic or Border-State Unionists, as was the proposal to arm Blacks to uphold the National cause. Said Mr. S. S. Cox, of Ohio: I believe the object of gentlemen, in forcin
iller, S. J. Randall, Stiles, Strouse. Maryland--B. G. Harris. Kentucky--Clay, Grider, Harding, Mallory, Wadsworth. Ohio — Bliss, Cox, Finck, Wm. Johnson, Long, J. R. Morris, Noble, J. O'Neill, Pendleton, C. A. White, J. W. White. Indiana--Cravens, Edgerton, Harrington, Holman, Law. Illinois--J. C. Allen, W. J. Allen, Eden, C. M. Harris, Knapp, Morrison, Robinson, Ross, Stuart. Wisconsin--J. S. Brown, Eldridge. Missouri--Hall, Scott.--Total, 56. Not Voting--Lazear, Pa.; Marcy, N. H.; McDowell and Voorhees, Ind.; Le Blond and McKinney, Ohio; Middleton and Rogers, N. J.--all Democrats. [By the subsequent ratification of more than two-thirds of the States, this Amendment has become a part of the Federal Constitution.] Several informal attempts at opening negotiations for the termination of hostilities were made in the course of this Winter--Hon. Francis P. Blair, of Maryland, visiting Richmond twice on the subject, with the consent, though not by the reques
ew being among the killed. This affair is noteworthy as the first fight in the war in which colored troops were engaged. A regimental organization was not effected until January, 1863, when six companies were mustered in; the other four companies were organized by May, 1863. At Poison Springs, Ark., April, 1864, the regiment while on a forage expedition in company with the Eighteenth Iowa, one section of artillery, and a small detachment of cavalry, was attacked by a large force under Generals Marcy and Fagan. The Union troops were completely surrounded, but cut their way out, the regiment losing 189 killed and wounded, besides the missing. Colonel Williams was in command of the party. In the affair at Flat Rock, only one company (K), numbering 42 men, was engaged; it was surprised and attacked by General Gano, the company being nearly annihilated. In May, 1864, Colonel Williams was placed in command of the Second Brigade, Frontier Division, Seventh Corps, the regiment being inc
iam Arthur, brother of Chester A. Arthur, the future President. This view was taken from the Fort down toward the camp. The Fourth New York Heavy Artillery was organized at New York, November, 1861, to February, 1862. It left for Washington on February 10th. Its first Camp was five miles from Chain Bridge, and its second at Fort Marcy. These unusually clear photographs were treasured half a century by T. J. Lockwood, a member of the regiment. Looking from the Camp toward Fort Marcy Marcy was the northernmost Fort on the west side of the Potomac, lying above Chain Bridge. Its armament consisted of three 24-pounders en barbette, two 12-pounder howitzers, six 30-pounder Parrotts, three 20-pounder Parrotts and three 10-pounder Parrotts, all en embrasure. It also mounted one 10-inch siege mortar and two 24-pounder Coehorn mortars. It overlooked the Leesburg and Georgetown Turnpike. fortifying the entire length of the crest between the Anacostia and Oxen Run, a distance of abou
ad, in regular fortifications, much narrower in mere earthworks or entrenched positions. The side of the ditch nearest the place is the scarp or escarp, and the opposite side, the counterscarp, is usually made circular opposite to the salient angles of the works. See bastion. Under the ancient system of fortification, the ditch was frequently dug on the inside, thus anticipating by some thousands of years the improvement of Pillow, during the Mexican war, — He who dug for Polk and Marcy Ditch and rampart vi-ce var-sy. The object of the savages is evident. It was to obtain shelter for the bodies of the archers with the least amount of labor; and by this system they most readily obtained the required shelter, having the benefit of the ditch and the bank. The Mandan Indians adopted this plan. The system is seen in the modern rifle-pit. The fossu around a Roman encampment was usually 9 feet broad and 7 feet deep; but if an attack was apprehended, it was made 13 feet w
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