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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Floating batteries. (search)
Floating batteries. The first Amercan floating battery was seen in the Charles River, at Boston, in October, 1775. Washington had ordered the construction of two, to assist in the siege of the New England capital. They were armed and manned, and on Oct. 26 opened fire on the town, producing much consternation. They appear to have been made of strong planks, pierced near the water-line for oars, and further up were port-holes for musketry and the admission of light. A heavy gun was placed in each end, and upon the top were four swivels. The ensign was the pine-tree flag. Colonel Reed, writing to Colonel Moylan, on Oct. 20, 1775, said: Please to fix some particular color for a flag and a signal, by which our vessels may know each other. What do you think of a flag with a white ground, a tree in the middle, and the motto An Appeal to Heaven? This is the flag of our floating batteries. When the War of 1812-15 broke out, the subject of harbor defences occupied much of the at
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Battle of Lexington and Concord. (search)
d the air. He observed with concern the gathering of munitions of war by the colonists. Informed that a considerable quantity had been deposited at Concord, a village about 16 miles from Boston, he planned a secret expedition to seize or destroy them. Towards midnight, on April 18, he sent 800 men, under Lieutenant-Colonel Smith and Major Pitcairn, to execute his designs. The vigilant patriots had discovered the secret, and were on the alert, and when the expedition moved to cross the Charles River, Paul Revere, one of the most active of the Sons of Liberty in Boston, had preceded them, and was on his way towards Concord to arouse the inhabitants and the minute-men. Soon afterwards church bells, musketry, and cannon spread the alarm over the country; and when, at dawn, April 19, Pitcairn, with the advanced guard, reached Lexington, a little village 6 miles from Concord, he found seventy determined men, under Capt. Jonas Parker, drawn up on the green to oppose him. Pitcairn rode fo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Salem, Ma. (search)
d in 1626; incorporated as a city in 1836; noted for its historical associations, and its educational and scientific interests; population in 1900, 35,956. After the abandonment of Cape Ann there was a revival of zeal for colonization at Naumkeag (Salem), and John Endicott was chosen, by a new company of adventurers, to lead emigrants thither and be chief manager of the colony. A grant of land, its ocean line extending from 3 miles north of the Merrimac River to 3 miles south of the Charles River, and westward to the Pacific Ocean, was obtained from the council of New England, March 19, 1628, and in June John Endicott, one of the six patentees, sailed for Naumkeag, with a small party, as governor of the new settlement. Those who were there—the remains of Conant's settlers—were disposed to question the claims of the new-comers. An amicable settlement was made, and in commemoration of this adjustment Endicott named the place Salem, the Hebrew word for peaceful. The colony then c
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stockbridge Indians. (search)
at Lexington and Concord, about fifty domiciliated Indians of the Stockbridge tribe, accompanied by their wives and little ones, and armed mostly with bows and arrows, a few only with muskets, planted their wigwams in the woods near where the Charles River enters the bay. They formed a company of minute-men, authorized by the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts. On June 21 two Indians, probably of this company, killed four of the British regulars with their bows and arrows and plundered them.ngress of Massachusetts. On June 21 two Indians, probably of this company, killed four of the British regulars with their bows and arrows and plundered them. On July 8, 1775, some British barges were sounding the Charles River near its mouth, when they were driven off by these Indians. There is no record of their doing any other military service in the siege of Boston. These were the Indian savages brought down upon the British at Boston, alluded to in General Gage's letter to Agent Stuart.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
mouth buy of the London partners their interests for $9,000, in nine annual instalments; the community system is abandoned, a division made of movable property, and twenty acres of land near the town is assigned in fee to each colonist......January, 1628 Rev. John White, a Puritan minister of Dorchester, England, enlists some gentlemen who obtain a patent conveying to them that part of New England lying between 3 miles to the north of the Merrimac River and 3 miles to the south of the Charles River, and every part thereof in Massachusetts Bay; and in length between the described breadth from the Atlantic Ocean to the South Sea......March 19, 1628 Company appoint John Endicott governor of the colony until themselves should come over ......May 30, 1628 Endicott, with wife and children and about fifty others, embarks in ship Abigail from England for Massachusetts......June 20, 1628 Plymouth people admonish Thomas Morton of Merry Mount twice; the third time they sent Capt. Mil
hat the plan of employing machinery for the purpose was suggested. This originated with Mr. A. L. Dennison and Edward Howard of Boston, who erected a watch-factory at Roxbury, Mass.; but the site being found unsuitable, on account of the dust, the establishment was in 1854 removed to Waltham, where it still remains, its products constituting the Waltham watches of the American watch Company, now so generally and favorably known. The factory is located at Waltham, is on the banks of the Charles River, and is a chain of buildings, roofing nearly two acres, and inclosing a flower-garden. The company's product amounts to about $1,500.000 per year. It turns out commonly about 350 movements a day, or 105,000 per year, and 4,000 silver cases a month; in the production of which about 900 workpeople are employed, half of them women. The underlying principle which gives their excellence to these watches consists in the fact that each part is made by a machine specially constructed for
Frank Preston Stearns, Cambridge Sketches, Longfellow (search)
hy of a royal collection. There is no ornament in a house that testifies to the quality of the owner like a handsome library. Byron would seem to have been the only other poet that has enjoyed such prosperity, although Bryant, as editor of a popular newspaper, may have approached it closely; but a city house, with windows on only two sides, is not like a handsome suburban residence. Longfellow could look across the Cambridge marshes and see the sunsets reflected in the water of the Charles River. Here he lived from 1843, when he married Miss Appleton, a daughter of one of the wealthiest merchant-bankers of Boston, until his death by pneumonia in March, 1882. The situation seemed suited to him, and he always remained a true poet and devoted to the muses: Integer vitae scelerisque purus. He did not believe in a luxurious life except so far as luxury added to refinement, and everything in the way of fashionable show was very distasteful to him. His brother Samuel once said, I
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Olde Cambridge, Chapter 3: Holmes (search)
ner so vividly that the most confirmed pedestrian can hardly read the account without a thrill. He knew the records of the prize ring, and sometimes measured the muscles of fighting champions, perhaps without ever seeing them fight. Like many small men he had a marked appreciation for large size, whether in trees or men, loving to measure the one or chat with the other. For some years before the Civil War, when rowing was coming into vogue and wherries were built, he used to row on Charles River, and he describes his enjoyment of this in an early paper of the Autocrat. He told me that he gave this up during the war because of perpetual solicitude about his son and other favorite young men who were at the front; he said that he could not bear to be beyond call. He thus took his part in the marked rise of interest in physical training which occurred about that time, although his then puny look led many people to regard such tastes as being somewhat amateurish in him. He suffered
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Olde Cambridge, Chapter 5: Lowell (search)
ing then the Steerforth of the school, joyous, full of life, and variously accomplished. Many a time I have walked up and down what is now Brattle Street, listening reverently to the talk of these older boys, not always profitable, but sometimes most valuable. I remember, for instance, their talking over the plot of Spenser's Faerie Queene years before I had read it, and making it so interesting that we younger urchins soon named a nook with shady apple trees near our bathing place on Charles River the Bower of Blisse. In 1834 Lowell and Story went to college, and my brother afterward to the East Indies, so I was dropped from their circle, except as a boy in a college town watches the works and ways of the students. Both Lowell and Story were popular and socially brilliant in college, but neither gave unmixed satisfaction to the Faculty. Both were of the kind who read old English plays a good deal, and of the rarer number who get some good out of them. Lowell's reputation as
William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2, Chapter 10: Middlesex County. (search)
Chapter 10: Middlesex County. Freetown, Bristol County, Mass.This county is the most populous in the Commonwealth, and next to Suffolk the most wealthy. It has a grand historic renown: within its limits are Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill. It is bounded north by New Hampshire, north-east by the county of Essex, south-east by Charles River, Boston Harbor, and Norfolk County, and west by the county of Worcester. Its rivers are the Merrimac, Charles, Mystic, Sudbury, Concord, and Nashua. Nearly every town is now intersected with a railroad. It contains fifty-four cities and towns. Since the war the town of Hudson, formed of parts of Marlborough and Stow, and the town of Everett, formed of a part of Maiden, have been incorporated as separate and distinct towns; the former, March 19, 1866, and the latter, March 9, 1870. Their war records form a part of that of the towns from which they were set off, and therefore do not appear distinct and separate in this volume. In old
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