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be taken as representing the state of geographic knowledge out of Salamanca and the cloisters. Africa had been circummavigated by Vasco da Gama; Asia is driven over to the eastward as far as Marco Polo is deemed to have gone in his months of weary travel. So large a proportion of the circumference of the earth was held to be embraced by the circuit of Europe and Asia, that the latter about fills the western hemisphere, the goodliest island of Cipango (Japan) lying off the coast of the far Cathay. In the mid-Atlantic is the island of Antilia, a spot partly conjectural, and also the island of St. Brandan, which was purely imaginary. Thus was the globe depicted before the sailing of Columbus, and his projected voyage was not expected to be much greater than the length of the Mediterranean. He sailed and discovered what he considered to be the Island of Antilia (Cuba). An island under that name had appeared on the charts since 1425. Columbus was for discovering a western route to In
essors, ourselves occupying the median line between the new civilizations of Greece, Rome, and their derivatives, and the far older and, to us, fantastic forms of Cathay and the lands thereto adjacent. Japanese scribe. Fig. 3609 has two views from paintings at Thebes. The upper figure represents a scribe taking an account emple, intending to sanctify an esteemed and musical observance to the worship of a new object. So the jingling has proceeded for many centuries, from almondeyed Cathay and old Zipango to the Bretons and Basques by the ocean of Atlantis. Praying-mill. A little water-wheel to keep a written prayer moving. Abbe Hue ( Travelshe description of the technical manipulation of the Chinese press might have been read in Western countries as early as 1310 in Raschid-eddin's Persian History of Cathay. No press is used in printing, but the workman holds in his right hand a stick with a brush at each end. With one brush he applies ink to the page, then lays o
e may believe the poets. Milton alludes to the wind-driven cars of the Chinese, as traversing the table-land of Asia:— But in his way lights on the barren plains Of Sericana, where Chineses drive With sails and wind their cany wagons light. Paradise lost. We are not to infer that Satan saw the cars in motion, nor that Milton believed the modern theory, that mankind proceeded from several independent centers. This would be granting the whole question, that the almondeyed man of Cathay was scudding over the plains in pursuit of business or pleasure while Adam and Eve were yet disporting in Eden. One form of the wind-car has sails like a windmill, which rotate an axle and impart motion to the driving-wheels. Such are described in old works on physics, published centuries ago. The Chinese wind-wheelbarrow is drawn by a donkey, and when the wind is fair a sail is set. The wheel turns in the middle of a wooden frame, sustained by iron bars. Upon the frame are hung all
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Index (search)
rs, Rachel, 286, 295 Cruising in the Caribbees, 165 Crumbling Idols, 92 Cudworth, 228 Culture's Garland, 28 Cummins, Maria S., 69 Curiosities of the American Theatre, 273 Curtis, George Ticknor, 348 Curtis, George William. 60, 83, 100, 110 113-116, 118, 163, 309, 313, 326, 353, 354, 415, 417, 488 Curtius, Ernst, 460, 462, 463 Cushing, Caleb, 144 Cushing, Frank H., 159, 615, 610, 622 Cushman, Charlotte, 268 Custer, Elizabeth Bacon, 160 Custer, G. A., 159 Cycle of Cathay, a, 155 Cygne ou Mingo, 592 Daffy-down-dilly, 416 Daily news (Chicago), 328, 334 Daily news (London), 326 Daily Sentinel, the, 405 Daisy Miller, 99, 103 Dakolar, 277 Dalcour, 596 Dall, W. H., 166 Daly, Augustin, 267, 268, 270, 271, 272, 275 Damnation of Theron Ware, the, 92 Dana, Charles A., 121, 122, 164, 182, 324, 331 Dana, J. D, 477 Dana, R. H., 139 Danbury [Conn.] News, 21 Danites, the, 275, 290 Dante, 77, 116, 231, 238, 450, 455, 459, 488, 489
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers, chapter 2 (search)
other islands. To each of these I also gave a name, ordering that one should be called Santa Maria de la Concepcion; another, Fernandina; the third, Isabella; the fourth, Juana; and so with all the rest respectively. As soon as we arrived at that, which, as I have said, was named Juana, Cuba. I proceeded along its coast a short distance westward, and found it to be so large, and apparently without termination, that I could not suppose it to be an island, but the continental province of Cathay. Or Tartary. Seeing, however, no towns or populous places on the seacoast, but only a few detached houses and cottages, with whose inhabitants I was unable to communicate, because they fled as soon as they saw us, I went further on, thinking, that, in my progress, I should certainly find some city or village. At length, after proceeding a great way, and finding that nothing new presented itself, and that the line of coast was leading us northwards, I resolved not to attempt any further
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A book of American explorers, chapter 3 (search)
entine, and of a great captain, a Frenchman, and the two voyages of Jaques Cartier, a Briton, i.e., from Brittany, in France. who sailed into the land set in fifty degrees of latitude to the north, which is called New France: and the which lands hitherto it is not thoroughly known whether they do join with the firm land of Florida and Nova Hispania, or whether they be separated and divided all by the Sea as Islands: and whether by that way one may go by sea into the country of Cathaio: Cathay. as many years past it was written unto me by Sebastian Gabot, our countryman Venetian, a man of great experience, and very rare in the art of Navigation and the knowledge of Cosmography: who sailed along and beyond this land of New France, at the charges of King Henry the seventh, King of England. And he told me that having sailed a long time West and by North beyond these islands unto the latitude of sixty-seven degrees and a half under the North Pole, and at the 11 day of June, finding s
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Shall Cromwell have a statue? (search)
be revised, modified, and in not a few cases wholly reversed. Better knowledge, calmer reflection, and a more judicial frame of mind come with the passage of the years; passions in time subside, prejudices disappear, truth asserts itself. In England this process has been going on for close upon two centuries and a half; with what result; Cromwell's statue stand as proof. We live in another age and a different environment; and, as fifty years of Europe outmeasure in their growth a cycle of Cathay, so I hold one year of twentieth century America works far more progress in thought than seven years of Britain during the interval between its great rebellion and ours. We who took active part in the Civil War have not yet wholly vanished from the stage; the rear guard of the Grand Army, we linger. Today is separated from the death of Lincoln by the same number of years only which separated The Glorious Revolution of 1688 from the execution of Charles Stuart; yet to us is already given to
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 4. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), The tent on the Beach (search)
beyond the steeples of the town, Whence sometimes, when the wind was light And dull the thunder of the beach, They heard the bells of morn and night Swing, miles away, their silver speech. Above low scarp and turf-grown wall They saw the fort-flag rise and fall; And the first star to signal twilight's hour, The lamp-fire glimmer down from the tall light. house tower. They rested there, escaped awhile From cares that wear the life away, To eat the lotus of the Nile And drink the poppies of Cathay,— To fling their loads of custom down, Like drift-weed, on the sand-slopes brown, And in the sea waves drown the restless pack Of duties, claims, and needs that barked upon their track. One, with his beard scarce silvered, bore A ready credence in his looks, A lettered magnate, lording o'er An ever-widening realm of books. In him brain-currents, near and far, Converged as in a Leyden jar; The old, dead authors thronged him round about, And Elzevir's gray ghosts from leathern graves looked
The writings of John Greenleaf Whittier, Volume 6. (ed. John Greenleaf Whittier), Personal Sketches and tributes (search)
e ordeal of civil war, which has liberated enslaved millions, and made the union of the States an established fact, and no longer a doubtful theory. If life is to be measured not so much by years as by thoughts, emotion, knowledge, action, and its opportunity of a free exercise of all our powers and faculties, we may congratulate ourselves upon really outliving the venerable patriarchs. For myself, I would not exchange a decade of my own life for a century of the Middle Ages, or a cycle of Cathay. Let me, gentlemen, return my heartiest thanks to you, and to all who have interested themselves in the preparation of the Academy Album, and assure you of my sincere wishes for your health and happiness. Oak Knoll, Danvers, 12th Month, 25, 1885. Edwin Percy Whipple. I have been pained to learn of the decease of my friend of many years, Edwin P. Whipple. Death, however expected, is always something of a surprise, and in his case I was not prepared for it by knowing of any ser
, 1498, Columbus, radiant with a glory that shed a lustre over his misfortunes and griefs, calling on the Holy Trinity with vows, and seeing paradise in his dreams, embarked on his third voyage to discover the main land within the tropics, and to be sent back in chains. In the early part of the same month, Sebastian Cabot, then not much more than twenty-one years of age, chiefly at his own cost, led forth two ships and a large company of English volunteers, to find the north-west passage to Cathay and Japan. A few days after the English navigator had left the port of Bristol, Vasco de Gama, of Portugal, as daring and almost as young, having turned the Cape of Good Hope, cleared the Straits of Mozambique, and sailed beyond Arabia Felix, came in sight of the mountains of Hindostan; and his happy crew, decking out his little fleet with flags, sounding trumpets, praising God, and full of festivity Chap. I.} 1498. and gladness, steered into the harbor of Calicut. Meantime Cabot proceed
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