Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Scotia or search for Scotia in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boycotting, (search)
Boycotting, A practice which derives its name from Capt. C. C. Boycott, of Lough Mask House, in Mayo, Ireland, who in 1880, as land agent of Lord Erne, an Irish nobleman, evicted a large number of tenants. These with their friends refused to either work for him or trade with him, and would not permit others to do so. Finally sixty Orangemen from the north of Ireland, armed with revolvers and supported by a strong escort of cavalry, organized themselves into a Boycott relief expedition, and after gathering his crops carried him to a place of safety. In the United States and England the boycott is sometimes used by trade unions in times of strikes. More or less stringent laws against boycotting have been enacted in Illinois, Wisconsin, Colorado, Connecticut. Maine. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Alabama. Florida, Georgia. Michigan, North Dakota, Oklahoma. Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, and Vermont.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buchanan, James, (search)
Buchanan, James, Fifteenth President of the United States, from 1857 to 1861 ; Democrat; born near Mercersburg, Pa., April 23, 1791; was graduated at Dickinson College, Pa., at the age of eighteen years, and in 1814, when he was only twenty-three years old, he was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania legislature. He had studied law, and was admitted to the bar at Lancaster in 1812. His father was a native of Ireland, and his mother was Elizabeth Spear, daughter of a farmer. Mr. Buchanan's career as a lawyer was so successful that, at the age of forty years, he retired from the profession with a handsome fortune. He was a Federalist in politics at first, and as such entered Congress as a member in 1821, where he held a seat ten successive years. When the Federal party disappeared he took sides with the Democrats. He supported Jackson for the Presidency in 1828, when the present Democratic party was organized. In 1832-34, Mr. Buchanan was United States minister at St. Peter
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bunker Hill, battle of. (search)
Bunker Hill, battle of. By reinforcements from England and Ireland, General Gage's army in Boston, at the close of May, 1775, was 10,000 strong. With the reinforcements came Gens. William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, and John Burgoyne, three officers experienced in the military tactics of Europe, but little prepared for service in America. Thus strengthened, Gage issued a proclamation (June 12) of martial law, and offering pardon to all who should return to their allegiance, except Samuel Adams and John Hancock. At that time the New England army before Boston numbered about 16,000 men, divided into thirty-six regiments, of which Massachusetts furnished twenty-seven, and the other three New England colonies three each. John Whitcomb, a colonel in the French and Indian War, and Joseph Warren, president of the Provincial Congress, were appointed (June 15) major-generals of the Massachusetts forces. These provincial troops completely blockaded Boston on the land side, and effectivel
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burgoyne, Sir John, 1723-1792 (search)
and several more were enlisted in the Scotch Highlands by the great landholders of that region, to whom the appointment of the officers was conceded. The surrender created despondency among the English Tories, and Lord North, the Prime Minister, was alarmed. Burgoyne returned to England, on his parole, May, 1778. Being blamed, he solicited in vain for a court-martial to try his case, but he ably vindicated himself on the floor of Parliament, and published (1780) a narrative of his campaign in America for the same purpose. He joined the opposition, and an ineffectual attempt was made in 1779 to exclude him from Parliament. Then he resigned all his appointments but in 1782 he was restored to his rank in the army, and appointed privy councillor and commander-in-chief in Ireland. He retired from public life in 1784, and died in London, Aug. 4, 1792. Burgoyne acquired a literary reputation as a dramatist. His plays and poems were published in a collection, in 2 volumes, in 1808.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burke, Edmund, 1730-1797 (search)
pposing the policy of repressing the trade of Ireland. During the brief administration of the Rockxamples in a similar case before me; those of Ireland, Wales, Chester, and Durham. Ireland, befoishly sit down to the feast of Magna Charta. Ireland was made immediately a partaker. This benefi, I confess, was not at first extended to all Ireland. Mark the consequence. English authority an but the English constitution, that conquered Ireland. From that time Ireland had ever had a generr, by the glorious Revolution. This has made Ireland the great and flourishing kingdom that it is;hat is done, not only in the colonies, but in Ireland, in one uniform, unbroken tenor every sessionrough whose hands the acts pass biennially in Ireland. or annually in the colonies, are in an habiead; but she is not the head and members too. Ireland has ever had from the beginning a separate, band false everywhere else? Is it not true in Ireland? Has it not hitherto been true in the coloni[2 more...]
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burke, Thomas, 1747-1783 (search)
Burke, Thomas, 1747-1783 Governor, born in Ireland about 1747; went to Virginia when seventeen years old, and in time engaged in the practice of medicine. Then he studied law, and in 1774 moved to Hillsboro. He had written against the stamp act and other obnoxious measures, and he took a conspicuous part in politics in North Carolina. He was a member of the Provincial Congress in 1776; was engaged a short time in the army, and was a member of Congress from December, 1776, until early in 1781, when he was chosen governor of the State. In September of that year he was seized by Tories, and kept a prisoner on James Island, near Charleston, four months; after which he was regularly exchanged, resumed his duties of governor, but soon retired to private life. He died in Hillsboro, N. C., Dec. 2, 1783.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Butler, Richard, 1760- (search)
Butler, Richard, 1760- Military officer; born in Ireland; came to America before 1760; was a lieutenant-colonel in the Pennsylvania line in the Continental army, and also of Morgan's rifle corps in 1777. Butler served throughout the war; was agent for Indian affairs in Ohio in 1787; and was with St. (lair in his expedition against the Indians, late in 1791, commanding the right wing of his army, with the rank of major-general. In that expedition he was killed by Indians in a battle in Ohio, Nov. 4, 1791.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cables, Ocean (search)
The first permanent Atlantic cable was laid in July, 1866, from Valentia Bay, Ireland, to Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. In September of the same year a cable lost by to Duxbury, Mass. The fourth Atlantic telegraph cable was laid from Valentia, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, in the summer of 1873, and a fnited States Cable Company was formed and laid a line from Ballenskilligs Bay, Ireland, to Rye, N. H., via Nova Scotia. The same year a sixth line across the Atlantic was laid from Ireland to Newfoundland. Another French line was laid from Brest to St. Pierre, an island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in 1880. The companies ow James Gordon Bennett and John W. Mackay. This laid in 1884-85 two lines from Ireland to Nova Scotia, having also a connecting line from Ireland to France. In 1900Ireland to France. In 1900 plans were perfected for a Pacific cable, to extend from San Francisco to Honolulu, thence to Wake Island, Guam Island, and Manila, all United States possessions.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Calhoun, John Caldwell 1782-1850 (search)
Calhoun, John Caldwell 1782-1850 Statesman; born in Abbeville District, S. C., March 18, 1782. His father was a native of Ireland; his mother, formerly Miss Caldwell, was of Scotch-Irish descent. The son was graduated, with all the honors, at Yale College, in 1804, and studied law in the famous law-school in Litchfield, Conn. In 1807 he began the practice of the profession in his native district. Thoughtful, ardent, and persevering, he soon took high rank in his profession, and gained a very lucrative practice. Fond of politics, he early entered its arena, and in 1808-10 was a member of the State legislature. He was sent to Congress in 1811, where he remained, by successive elections, until 1817. Mr. Calhoun was very influential in pressing Madison to make a declaration of war with Great Britain in 1812. President Monroe called him to his cabinet as Secretary of War (Dec. 16, 1817), and he served as such during the President's double term of office. In 1824 he was chosen Vi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carey, Matthew 1760-1839 (search)
60-1839 Publicist; born in Dublin, Ireland, Jan. 28, 1760; learned the business of printer and bookseller, and at the age of seventeen wrote and published a pamphlet on duelling. This was soon followed by an address to the Roman Catholics in Ireland on their oppressions by the penal code. This was so seditious and inflammatory that he was compelled to fly to Paris, but returned to Ireland in the course of a year, where, in 1783, he edited the Freeman's journal, and established the VolunteeIreland in the course of a year, where, in 1783, he edited the Freeman's journal, and established the Volunteer's journal. Because of a violent attack on Parliament, he was confined in Newgate Prison; and after his release he sailed for the United States, arriving in Philadelphia, Nov. 15, 1784. There he started the Pennsylvania Herald, the first newspaper in the country that gave accurate reports of legislative proceedings. He was always aggressive with his pen. He fought a duel with Colonel Oswald, editor of a rival newspaper. He married in 1791, and began business as a bookseller. He was active
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