Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Vera Cruz (Veracruz, Mexico) or search for Vera Cruz (Veracruz, Mexico) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gordon, George Henry 1825-1886 (search)
Gordon, George Henry 1825-1886 Military officer; born in Charlestown, Mass., July 19, 1825; graduated at the United States. Military Academy in 1846; served in the war with Mexico, participating in the siege of Vera Cruz, the actions of Cerro Gordo, Contreras, and Chapultepec, and the capture of the city of Mexico. During the Civil War his bravery was conspicuous in many battles. He received the brevet of major-general of volunteers in April, 1865. He was the author of The army of Virginia from Cedar Mountain to Alexandria; A War diary; and From. Brook to Cedar Mountain. He died in Framingham, Mass., Aug. 30, 1886.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Grant, Ulysses Simpson (search)
Grant, Ulysses Simpson Eighteenth President of the United States; named at birth Hiram Ulysses, but, through an error when he entered the Military Academy, he was given the Christian names which he afterwards adopted; born Ulysses Simpson Grant as Lieutenant in the Mexican War. in Point Pleasant, O., April 27, 1822; graduated at West Point in 1843. He served in the war with Mexico, first under General Taylor, and then under General Scott, taking part in every battle between Vera Cruz and the city of Mexico. He was made captain in 1853, and resigned the next year, when he settled in St. Louis. He was one of the first to offer his services to the national government when the Civil War broke out, but, as no notice was taken of him, became colonel of the 21st Illinois Infantry. In May, 1861, he was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, and placed in command at Cairo. He occupied Paducah, broke up the Confederate camp at Belmont, and in February, 1862, captured Forts He
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Heintzelman, Samuel Peter 1805-1880 (search)
Heintzelman, Samuel Peter 1805-1880 Military officer; born in Manheim, Pa., Sept. 30, 1805; graduated at West Point in 1826; served in the war with Mexico, organizing at Vera Cruz a battalion of recruits and convalescents, with whom he marched to the city of Mexico. After the war he commanded in the southern district of California, and effectually suppressed Indian hostilities. Soon after the treachery of Gen. David E. Samuel P. Heintzelman. Twiggs he left Texas, and was made inspector-general in Washington, D. C. In May he was commissioned a brigadier-general of volunteers, and commanded a Johanna Maria Heckewelder. division under McDowell in the battle of Bull Run, where he was severely wounded. In the campaign on the Peninsula he commanded an army corps, having been made major-general of volunteers in May. General Heintzelman commanded the right wing of Pope's army in the battle of Manassas, or second battle of Bull Run, and afterwards took command of the defences of W
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kearny, Stephen Watts 1794-1847 (search)
stablished a provisional government at Santa Fe, pressed on to California, and was twice wounded in battle. For a few months in 1847 he was governor of California; joined the army in Mexico; in March, 1848, was governor, military and civil, of Vera Cruz, and in May of the same year was made governor of the city of Mexico. In August, 1848, he was brevetted major-general, and died in St. Louis, Mo., on Oct. 31, following. The Kearny-Stockton controversy. The differences between General K such of the members of his topographical corps as were still under pay, prepared to set out at once for Washington. Colonel Fremont then applied for permission to join his regiment, under General Taylor's command, supposed to be on its way to Vera Cruz. This request was refused without explanation or apology, and on June 14 Colonel Fremont addressed General Kearny as follows: Colonel Fremont to General Kearny. New Helvetia, U. Cal., June 14, 1847. Sir,—In a communication which I re
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Luna y Arellano, Tristan de 1519-1571 (search)
Luna y Arellano, Tristan de 1519-1571 Explorer; born in Borobia, Aragon, in 1519; and went to Mexico about 1550. In 1559 a powerful expedition was fitted out at Vera Cruz, Mexico, for the conquest of Florida, under his command. He sailed Aug. 14 with a land force of 1,500 soldiers, many friars, and a number of women and children (the families of soldiers), to conquer and colonize Florida. He had a prosperous voyage to the Bay of Pensacola, where he anchored his ships, but a week later awas sent back to De Luna of the abundance of food there. He had lost most of his stores with the ships. With 1,000 men, women, and children, he marched to the town. The food was soon consumed, and great suffering followed. De Luna marched back to Pensacola, whence, in two vessels that had been saved or built there, he sent to the viceroy of Mexico for succor. Relief came, but the discontent of the remnant of his colony caused his return to Vera Cruz in 1561. He died in Yucatan, in 1571.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McClellan, George Brinton 1826-1885 (search)
McClellan, George Brinton 1826-1885 Military officer; born in Philadelphia, Dec. 3, 1826; graduated at West Point in 1846; was lieutenant of sappers, miners, and pontoniers in the war against Mexico, and was commended for gallantry at various points from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico. After the war he was instructor of bayonet exercise at West Point, and his Manual, translated from the French, became the text-book of the service. In 1852 he was engaged with Capt. Randolph B. Marcy (afterwards his father-in-law) and Gen. C. F. Smith in explorations and surveys of Red River, the harbors of Texas, and the western part of a proposed route for a Pacific railway; also mountain ranges and the most direct route to Puget's Sound. He was next sent on a secret mission to Santo Domingo; and in 1855 he was sent with Majors Delafield and Mordecai to Europe to study the organization of European armies and observe the war in the Crimea. Captain McClellan left the army in 1857 and engage
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maximilian, Ferdinand Joseph 1832- (search)
Maximilian, Ferdinand Joseph 1832- Archduke of Austria and Emperor of Mexico; born in Vienna, July 6, 1832, and, having entered the naval service, was made rearadmiral and chief of the Austrian navy in 1854. In 1857 he was made governor of the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom, and in the same year married Charlotte, daughter of Leopold I., of Belgium. He departed for Mexico in April, 1864, and landed, with his wife, at Vera Cruz in May. The French army had already taken possession of the country. The archduke assumed the crown of Mexico, with the title of Maximilian I., and, being childless, adopted a son of Iturbide (q. v.) as his presumptive successor on the throne. Juarez, the President, who had been driven from the capital, and, with his followers, declared by the new Emperor to be an outlaw and usurper, made such strong resistance that Maximilian had to struggle for his throne from the very beginning. When the American Civil War was ended, Napoleon was given to understand, by
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Medals. (search)
James BiddleCapture of the PenguinGold. April 4, 1818Maj.-Gen. William H. HarrisonVictory of the ThamesGold. April 4, 1818Gov. Isaac Shelby.Victory of the ThamesGold. Feb. 13, 1835Col. George Groghan (22 years after)Defence of Fort Stevenson, 1813Gold. July 16, 1846Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorVictory on Rio GrandeGold. March 2, 1847Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorCapture of MontereyGold. March 3, 1847British, French, and Spanish officers and crewsRescuing crew of U. S. brig-of-war Somers before Vera Cruz, Dec. 7, 1846Gold & silver. March 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Winfield ScottMexican campaignGold May 9, 1848Maj.-Gen. Zachary TaylorVictory of Buena VistaGold. Aug. 4, 1854Capt. Duncan N. IngrahamRelease of Martin KosztaGold. May 11, 1858Dr. Frederick H. Rose, of the British navyFor humanity—care of yellow-fever patients from Jamaica to New York on the U. S. S. SusquehannaGold. Dec. 21, 1861 July 16, 1862Naval, to be bestowed upon petty officers, seamen, and marines distinguished for gallantry i
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
(Dec. 20), and Taylor again advanced to Victoria (Dec. 29). Just as he was about to proceed to a vigorous campaign, Taylor received orders from General Scott, at Vera Cruz, to send the latter a large portion of his (Taylor's) best officers and troops, and to act only on the defensive. This was a severe trial for Taylor, but he che Mississippi of about 5,000 miles. The conquest of all northern Mexico was now complete, and General Scott was on his march for the capital. He had landed at Vera Cruz, March 9, with an army of 13,000 men. It had been borne thither by a powerful squadron, commanded by Commodore Conner. He invested the city of Vera Cruz (q. v.)urled over the Castle of Perote, on the summit of the Eastern Cordilleras, 50 miles from Jalapa. This was considered the strongest fortress in Mexico, excepting Vera Cruz. It was surrendered without resistance, and with it fifty-four pieces of cannon, some mortars, and a large amount of munitions of war. Onward the victorious
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Naval ships. (search)
ling a man, and the flame not impossibly setting woodwork on fire. The destructiveness of shell from ordinary guns was so obvious, especially for forts to use against wooden ships, that the difficulties were gradually overcome, and horizontal shell fire was introduced soon after the cessation of wars allowed men time for thought and change. But although the idea was accepted and the fact realized, practice changed slowly, as it tends to do in the absence of emergency. In the attack on Vera Cruz, in 1848, Farragut was present, and was greatly impressed, as with a novelty, by the effect of what he called the shell shot, a hybrid term which aptly expresses the transition state of men's minds at the time. The Crimean War followed, and in 1854 the wooden steamships-of-the-line of the allies, vessels identical in fighting characteristics with those of Trafalgar, attempted to silence masonry works at Sebastopol. Though the disaster was not so great, the lesson of Sinope was reaffirm
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