on maps published by Evans and Mitchell—that of the latter (a new edition) in 1754.
The British North American colonies stretched coastwise along the Atlantic about 1,000 miles, but inland their extent was very limited.
New France, as the French settlers called their claimed territory in America, extended over a vastly wider space, from Cape Breton, in a sort of crescent, to the mouth of the Mississippi River, but the population was mainly collected on the St. Lawrence, between Quebec and Montreal.
The English colonies in America at that time had a population of 1,485,634, of whom 292,738 were negroes.
The French were scarcely 100,000 in number, but were strong in Indian allies, who, stretching along the whole interior frontier of the English colonies, and disgusted with constant encroachments upon their territories, as well as ill-treatment by the English, were always ripe and ready for cruel warfare.
The war with the French and Indians, and the contests with royal authority in
minister plenipotentiary to Greece, Rumania, and Servia, and serves in all the above offices for one and the same salary.
The consul-general at Havana receives $6,000, and the consul-general at Melbourne $4,500. There are twelve offices where $5,000 are paid, viz.: Rio de Janeiro, Shanghai, Paris, Calcutta, Hong-Kong, Liverpool, London, Port au Prince, Rome, Teheran, Cairo, and Bangkok (where the consul is also minister resident); seven offices where $4,000 are paid, viz.: Panama, Berlin, Montreal, Honolulu, Kanagawa, Monrovia, and Mexico; seven where $3,500 are paid, viz.: Vienna, Amoy, Canton, Tientsin, Havre, Halifax, and Callao; thirty-one where $3,000 are paid; thirty where $2,500 are paid; and fifty-one where $2,000 are paid.
The remaining ninety-five of the salaried officers receive salaries of only $1,500 or $1,000 per annum.
Consular officers are not allowed their travelling expenses to and from their posts, no matter how distant the latter may be. They are simply entitl