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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 454 BC or search for 454 BC in all documents.

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to observe the principle on which the dates are generally chosen by Pliny, namely, with reference to some important epoch of Greek history. Thus the 84th Olympiad (B. C. 444-440), at which he places Pheidias, is evidently chosen because the first year of that Olympiad was the date at which Pericles began to have the sole administration of Athens * The vagueness of pliny's dates is further shown by his appending the words "rciter CCC. nostrae Urbis anno," which give a date ten years higher, B. C. 454. This, however, cannot be very far from the date at which pheidias began to work. (Clinton, Fast. Hell. s.a. 444). The date of Pliny determines, therefore, nothing as to the age of Pheidias at this time, nor as to the period over which his artistic life extended. Nevertheless, it seems to us that this coincidence of the period, during which the artist executed his greatest works, with the administration of Pericles, furnishes the best clue to the solution of the difficulty. It forbids us t
Plato (*Pla/twn), one of the chief Athenian comic poets of the Old Comedy, was contemporary with Aristophanes, Phrynichus, Eupolis, and Pherecrates. (Suid. s. v.) He is erroneously placed by Eusebius (Chron.) and Syncellus (p. 247d.) as contemporary with Cratinus, at Ol. 81. 3, B. C. 454 ; whereas, his first exhibition was in Ol. 88, B. C. 427, as we learn from Cyril (ad v. Julian. i. p. 13b.), whose testimony is confirmed by the above statement of Suidas, and by the fact that the comedies of Plato evidently partook somewhat of the character of the Middle Comedy, to which, in fact, some of the grammarians assign him. He is mentioned by Marcellinus (Vit. Thuc. p. xi. Bekker) as contemporary with Thucydides, who died in Ol. 97. 2, B. C. 391; but Plato must have lived a few years longer, as Plutarch quotes from him a passage which evidently refers to the appointment of the demagogue Agyrrhius as general of the army of Lesbos in Ol. 97. 3. (Plut. de Repub. gerend. p. 801b.) The period, t
e manuscripts and editions of several ancient authors, is called by A. Gellius and others the Roman Achilles. He is said to have fought in a hundred and twenty battles, to have slain eight of the enemy in single combat, to have received forty-five wounds on the front of his body, the scars of which remained, to have earned honorary rewards innumerable, and to have accompanied the triumphs of nine generals, whose victories were principally owing to his valour. He was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 454, in which year he brought to trial before the people T. Romilius, the consul of the preceding year, and procured his condemnation. After the defeat of the Romans in the campaign against the Sabines, in the second decemvirate, B. C. 450, since the troops were discontented with the government, and therefore did not fight with their usual valour, Sicinius endeavored to persuade them to secede to the Sacred Mount, as their forefathers had done. His death was accordingly resolved upon by the de
Tarpeia Gens occurs only in the kingly and the early republican period. We read of a Sp. Tarpeius, who was the governor of the Roman citadel under Romulus, and whose daughter betrayed it to the Sabines [TARPEIA], and of a Sp. Tarpeius Montanus Capitolinus, who was consul in B. C. 454 with A. Aternius Varus Fontinalis. [CAPITOLINUS.
Vulso 2. A. Manlius Cn. F. P. N. VULSO, probably son of No. 2, was one of the ambassadors sent to Athens in B. C. 454, for the purpose of gaining information about the laws of Solon and the other Greek states, and in B. C. 451 he was a member of the first decemvirate. (Liv. 3.31, 33; Dionys. A. R. 10.54.)
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