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not remain long undecided. In 1796, the Archduke Charles, in Germany, defeated the armies of Jordan and Moreau by retreating on concentric lines from the Rhine to the Bohemian frontier. To JordanJordan was opposed Wartensleben, with about 30,000 men. The Archduke Charles commanded in person the army opposed to Moreau; arrived near the Lech, he left General Latour, with 30,000 men, and, with the remnder of his army, he joined Wartensleben, after some forced marches at Amberg, where he defeated Jordan; he pursued and defeated him a second time at Wurzburg, and a third time on the Lahn; he then le retreat. The news that the archduke had left the army opposed to him reached Moreau only after Jordan's defeat; he then commenced to retreat, but was overtaken by the duke, and defeated at EmmendingSchlingen, and forced again to cross the Rhine — an operation which had already been executed by Jordan. In the years 1758 to 1762, Frederick the Great was attacked by a Russian, Austrian, and Germ
Emil Schalk, A. O., The Art of War written expressly for and dedicated to the U.S. Volunteer Army., Example of a battle of the offensive defense: battle of Austerlitz, December 2, 1805. (search)
mn of Alvinzi was defeated in its turn by Napoleon's entire force; and the fourth column, which had arrived in his rear, was arrested for some time by a few battalions, and, after the defeat of the main body, obliged to surrender. At Stockach, Jordan, commanding the French army, imitated Alvinzi at Rivoli, and attacked the Archduke Charles in a similar way; Jordan was entirely defeated. In the attack of intrenched camps, or of field-works in general, we cannot proceed as we do against an aJordan was entirely defeated. In the attack of intrenched camps, or of field-works in general, we cannot proceed as we do against an army in open field; the enemy is more protected from our fire by the epaulement; and our advance, or rather our closing with him, is rendered difficult by the ditch; besides, in the advance, we are too much exposed to his fire, without being able to return it. On the other hand, the defender of an intrenched camp or redoubt cannot deploy great forces, and cannot himself pass to the offensive at the right moment. These different circumstances should tell us how to conduct the attack. A converg
e direction of our retreat will depend on many circumstances. If we are co-operating with another army, we should retreat in this direction, to make a junction with it and obtain a central position between the enemy's armies. We may also retreat directly into the heart of our country; or we may retreat parallel to the frontiers. In the first example we have already spoken of this last. The reasons for our retreat may be different, likewise. We may retreat after a lost battle, as did Jordan, for instance, in 1796, and Napoleon in 1813, when driven back from the Bohemian frontiers across the Rhine; or before a very superior enemy, as the Russians did in 1812 before Napoleon; or in consequence of a preconcerted strategical plan, as in the campaign of the Archduke Charles in 1796; or, in consequence of strategical movements of the enemy, to keep free our lines of communication — the retreat of Moreau in 1796 was such. We may also retreat to gain a favorable position for a battle,
the slaveholding saints. With such a doughty champion as Mr. Parson Brownlow, in the character of Beelzebub, the coming conflict must be terrible indeed, and will require as its historian, a genius more exalted by far than the author of Paradise Lost. May I be there to see! A Sheriff's advertisement. I walked from the cemetery to the Court House, accompanied some distance by a slave, who was whistling, as he drove along, a popular line, which faithfully describes his lot in life: Jordan am a hard road to trabble! Undoubtedly, I mused; and so, too, was the Red Sea to the Egyptians! I intended to attend the Mayor's Court, but when I reached the hall his honor had not yet arrived. On the outer door of the hall, was posted a manuscript advertisement, of which I have preserved a verbatim copy. Here it is: Sheriff's sale Phillip Blomston, S. D. After transcribing this atrocious advertisement, I walked to the auction rooms in Wall street and that vicin
Floyd, etc., in our service, with everything that took place or was meditated Mr. Julius Bing, a German by birth but British by naturalization, who was on the battlefield as a spectator, and was there taken prisoner, and conducted next morning to Beauregard's Headquarters, whence he was sent to Richmond, and who seems to have had the faculty of making himself agreeable to either side, stated, after his return, that among the men he met at Beauregard's Headquarters, at the Junction, was Col. Jordan, formerly of our War Department, who boasted that he had received, Before the attack at Bull Run, a cipher dispatch from some well-informed person within our lines, giving full details of our movements, including the particulars of the plan of battle, the time at which operations would commence, and the number of our troops. on our side; and so were able to anticipate and baffle every movement of our armies. A correspondent of The New York Tribune, in his account of the battle, say
., 527. Johnston, Gen. Joseph E., evacuates Harper's Ferry, etc., 535; is left at liberty to reinforce Beauregard, 536; reenforces Beauregard at Manassas, 540; 542; outranks Beauregard, 544; allusion to, 618. Johnston, Josiah S., of La., on Cuba, 268. Jones, Col, (Rebel,) wounded at Bull Run, 542. Jones, Col. James A., Alleghany Summit, 527. Jones, Lieut., evacuates Harper's Ferry, 642. Jones, sheriff Samuel J., a Border Ruffian, 242; threatens to bombard Lawrence, 244. Jordan, Col., (Rebel,) boasts of having received details of our plan of battle before Bull Run, 550. Joseph, the, captured by the Savannah, 598. Journal of the Times, The, 115. Judah, the, destroyed at Pensacola, 601-2. Julian, George W., of Ind., nominated for Vice-President by the Free-Soilers, 224. K. Kagi, J. H., a liberator of slaves, 286; rejoins Brown at Topeka, 287; is Brown's Secretary of War, 288; killed at Harper's Ferry, 292. Kanawha: see West Virginia. Kane, Jud
s Zouaves and the 21st Massachusetts, instantly rose and rushed over the Rebel breast-works, chasing out their defenders and following them in their retreat; securing, by their impetuosity, the capture of the larger number, as no time was given for their escape from the Island. Their loss in killed and wounded was but 55; but among the former were Capt. O. J. Wise, son of the General, and other valuable officers; while their loss in prisoners was not far from 2,700, including Cols. Shaw and Jordan, Lt.-Cols. Fowle and Price, Majors Hill, Yates, and Williamson. Our loss in the bombardment and assault was about 50 killed and 250 wounded. All the cannon, small arms, munitions, provisions, etc., on the Island, were among the spoils of victory. Com. Rowan, with 14 gunboats, was dispatched next evening up Albemarle Sound and Pasquotank river in pursuit of the Rebel gunboats. He found them, 7 in number, at Elizabeth City; where, after a smart fight, they were set on fire by their crews
s yesterday in military order, under command of Confederate officers. They were all armed and equipped with shovels, axes, blankets, &c. A merrier set were never seen. They were brimful of patriotism, shouting for Jeff. Davis and singing war-songs. And again, four days later: Upward of 1,000 negroes, armed with spades and pickaxes, have passed through the city within the past few days. Their destination is unknown; but it is supposed that they are on their way to the other side of Jordan. The drafting of Blacks, and especially of slaves, by thousands, to work on Rebel fortifications, was, in general, rather ostentatiously paraded throughout the earlier stages of the War. The Confederate Congress was finally constrained to regulate by law the impressment of property for military service; and its general Act to regulate Impressments Approved, March 26, 1863. provides-- Sec. 9. Where slaves are impressed by the Confederate Government, to labor on fortifications, or o
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
y, Captain Lindsay Walker's battery When General Bonham saw the Federal column on the turnpike, its appearance presented so little indication of rout that he thought the execution of the instructions he had received impracticable; Reports (verbal) of staff-officers; no others were received. he therefore ordered the two brigades to march back to their camps. Some half-hour after the termination of the battle, the President rode upon the field, conducted from Manassas Station by Lieutenant-Colonel Jordan. He had arrived there from Richmond when the struggle had just closed, and had, doubtless, hurried out to take part in it. The crowd of fugitives he had seen from his railroad-car, before reaching the station, had so strongly impressed upon his mind the idea that we were defeated, that it was not immediately removed by the appearance of the field. I judged so, at least, from his first words, while we were shaking hands: How has the battle gone? In Alfriend's Life of Jefferson
re morning. On Monday he was taken before Beauregard, whom he describes as a man on the best terms with the privates of his army, joking and talking with them quite as freely, at least, as with his officers, and enjoying little better accommodation than the common soldiers. At Headquarters he found a number of gentlemen and officers whom he knew personally, or by reputation. Among them were Senators Clingman, Chesnut, and Mason; Extra Billy Smith, Col. Miles, of South Carolina, and Col. Jordan, formerly of the War Department. This last-named gentleman boasted that he had received, before the attack at Bull Run, a cipher despatch from some well-informed person within our lines, giving full details of our movements, including the particulars of the plan of battle, the time at which operations would commence, and the number of our troops. Mr. Bing assured Gen. Beauregard that he was a naturalized Englishman, and requested that the privileges of a neutral might be accorded him,
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