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Surprised at this, he determined to withdraw to Todd's Tavern, but before his resolution could be put into exe passing it around the latter force, and reached Todd's Tavern by crossing the Po River at Corbin's bridge. Germising that he would retire in the direction of Todd's Tavern I immediately despatched Gregg's division there to his relief. Just beyond Todd's Tavern Gregg met Wilson, who was now being followed by the enemy's cavalry. k road beyond the Furnaces, and thence around to Todd's Tavern and Piney Branch Church. On the 6th, through sohould be regained. This led to the battle of Todd's Tavern, a spirited fight for the possession of the crostt's divisions in the open fields to the east of Todd's Tavern. During the preceding three days the infantrthe movement by a night march of the infantry to Todd's Tavern. In view of what was contemplated, I gave orderng the night of the 7th General Meade arrived at Todd's Tavern and modified the orders I had given Gregg and Me
rance of Fitzhugh Lee's troops on the right, and Hampton's strong resistance in front, rendered futile all efforts to carry the position; and, although I brought up one of Gregg's brigades to Torbert's assistance, yet the by-road I coveted was still held by the enemy when night closed in. This engagement, like that of the day before around Trevillian, was mostly fought dismounted by both sides, as had also been the earlier fights of the cavalry during the summer in the wilderness, at Todd's Tavern, Hawe's Shop, and Matadequin Creek. Indeed, they could hardly have been fought otherwise than on foot, as there was little chance for mounted fighting in eastern Virginia, the dense woods, the armament of both parties, and the practice of barricading making it impracticable to use the sabre with anything like a large force; and so with the exception of Yellow Tavern the dismounted method prevailed in almost every engagement. The losses at Mallory's Crossroads were very heavy on both
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3., Stonewall Jackson's last battle. (search)
irected, poured down the Furnace road. His cap was pulled low over his eyes, and, looking up from under the visor, with lips compressed, indicating the firm purpose within, he nodded to me, and in brief and rapid utterance, without a superfluous word, as though all were distinctly formed in his mind and beyond question, he gave me orders for our wagon and ambulance trains. From the open fields in our rear, at the head of the Catharpin road, all trains were to be moved upon that road to Todd's Tavern, and thence west by interior roads, so that our troops would be between them and the enemy at Chancellorsville. My orders having been delivered and the trains set in motion, I returned to the site of our night's bivouac, to find that General Jackson and his staff had followed the marching column. Slow and tedious is the advance of a mounted officer who has to pass, in narrow wood roads through dense thickets, the packed column of marching infantry, to be recognized all along the line
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., General Grant on the Wilderness campaign. (search)
soners and creating considerable confusion. But the promptness of General Sedgwick, who was personally present and commanded that part of our line, soon re-formed it and restored order. On the morning of the 7th reconnoissances showed that the enemy had fallen behind his intrenched lines, with pickets to the front, covering a part of the battle-field. From this it was evident to my mind that the two days fighting had satisfied him of his inability to further maintain the contest in Todd's Tavern in War-time. From a photograph. the open field, notwithstanding his advantage of position, and that he would wait an attack behind his works. I therefore determined to push on and put my whole force between him and Richmond; and orders were at once issued for a movement by his right flank. On the night of the 7th the march was commenced toward Spotsylvania Court House, the Fifth Corps moving on the most direct road. But the enemy, having become apprised of our movement and having the
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Through the Wilderness. (search)
nt's right flank as soon as Grant was far enough advanced into the Wilderness on the road to Richmond. As for the Wilderness, it was uneven, with woods, thickets, and ravines right and left. Tangled thickets of pine, scrub-oak, and cedar prevented our seeing the enemy, and prevented any one in command of a large force from determining accurately the position of the troops he was ordering to and fro. The appalling rattle of the musketry, the yells of the enemy, and the cheers of our Todd's Tavern. From a sketch made in 1884. own men were constantly in our ears. At times, our lines while firing could not see the array of the enemy, not fifty yards distant. After the battle was fairly begun, both sides were protected by log or earth breastworks. For an understanding of the roads which shaped the movements in the Wilderness, cross the Rapidan from the north and imagine yourself standing on the Germanna Plank road, where the Brock road intersects it, a little south of Wilderness
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 1: operations in Virginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. (search)
broken and scattered. While the movements on Hooker's right were so successfully performed, his left wing, under Sedgwick, composed of his own corps (Sixth), and those of Reynolds (First), and Sickles (Third), had as successfully masked Todd's Tavern. this is a view of Todd's Tavern, as it appeared when the writer sketched it, in June, 1866. it was also the Headquarters of General Warren, and other officers, when the army under Grant was in that vicinity, in the spring of 1864. the mTodd's Tavern, as it appeared when the writer sketched it, in June, 1866. it was also the Headquarters of General Warren, and other officers, when the army under Grant was in that vicinity, in the spring of 1864. the movement, for Lee, while watching the visible enemy in front of him, was not aware of the passage of the Rappahannock by the turning column, until the three corps were on their way toward the Rapid Anna. Taking position a little below Fredericksburg, Sedgwick caused pontoon bridges to be laid on the night of the 28th, April, 1863. and before daylight Brooks's division crossed near the place of Franklin's passage, See page 489, volume II. and captured and drove the Confederate pickets there.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 11: advance of the Army of the Potomac on Richmond. (search)
, See map on page 87. with Gregg's cavalry thrown out toward Todd's Tavern. See page 24. Burnside's (Ninth) corps, which had been lyingne, ten miles distant, when, at a point two or three miles from Todd's Tavern, he received orders first to halt, and then to hasten to the man the movement, which was to be along the Brock road, by way of Todd's Tavern. See page 24. Hancock was to follow him, and Sedgwick and Bu apprised of the movement. He was foiled by delays. First, at Todd's Tavern (where Gregg had fought and defeated Fitz Hugh Lee that day), Gh all of Hancock's corps but Gibbon's division, had remained at Todd's Tavern, in anticipation of an attack by Lee on the rear of the Army ofattle order before the Confederate lines. Hancock came up from Todd's Tavern at an early hour, and two divisions of Burnside's corps, on the, See page 27. passing the now famous old wooden building of Todd's Tavern, See page 24. then a school-house, early in the afternoon, a
ssas Gap Kelly's Ford Brandy Station Culpeper Raccoon Ford White's Ford Rapidan James City Whith Sulphur Springs Buckland's Mills Stevensburg Mine Run Averell's Raid Barnett's Ford Kilpatrick's Raid Kautz‘ Raid Parker's Store Todd's Tavern North Anna Yellow Tavern Meadow Bridge Milford Station Hawes' Shop Hanover Court House Ashland old Church Cold Harbor Trevilian Station St. Mary's Church White House Landing Nottoway Court House Stony Creek Wilson's Raid Ream'sembled infantry engagements, and being well supplied with horse artillery there was but little difference in the character of the fighting. Among the more important of these dismounted cavalry battles in Grant's campaign, might be mentioned Todd's Tavern, May 8; Hawes' Shop, May 28; Trevilian Station, June 11; St. Mary's Church, June 24; Dinwiddie Court House, March 31; Five Forks, April 1; and Appomattox, April 9, 1865. In August, 1864, Sheridan was promoted to the command of the Army of
4 10 Bellefield, Va., Dec. 10, 1864 1 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 8, 1864 1 Dinwiddie C. H., Va., Maras Plains, Va. 3 Fisher's Hill, Va. 1 Todd's Tavern, Va. 31 New Market, Va. 3 Spotsylvania, Vaut 400 carbines, and in the Wilderness (at Todd's Tavern), having dismounted, made a desperate figh1864 1 Dumfries, Va., March 2, 1863 1 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 5, 1864 2 Waynesboro, Va., March 2, 1 Independence, Va., March 4, 1863 2 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 7, 1864 1 Ashland, Va., March 15, 1M. W. Leesburg, Va., Sept. 17, 1862 1 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 8, 1864 3 Boydton Road, Va., Oct. 21865 3 Strasburg, Va., June 1, 1862 1 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 5, 1864 21 Picket, Va., March 4, 182 Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9, 1862 4 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 6, 1864 8 Opequon, Va., Sept. 19, 164 1 Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1863 15 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 6, 1864 5 Woodstock, Va., Oct. 8, 1 1864 1 Hanover, Pa., June 30, 1863 2 Todd's Tavern, Va., May 6, 1864 5 Woodstock, Va., Oct. 9, 1
34 170 9th Massachusetts Griffin's Fifth 26 108 3 137 43d New York Getty's Sixth 21 106 71 198 20th Massachusetts Gibbon's Second 23 108 9 140 11th Pennsylvania Robinson's Fifth 16 126 13 155 122d Ohio Ricketts's Sixth 18 110 48 176 1st New Jersey Wright's Sixth 17 106 39 162 45th Pennsylvania Potter's Ninth 17 119 7 143 5th Wisconsin Wright's Sixth 14 121 10 145 93d Pennsylvania Getty's Sixth 15 114 -- 129 110th Ohio Ricketts's Sixth 17 106 25 148 At Todd's Tavern, May 7th.1st New York Dragoons Merritt's Cavalry 20 36 35 91 At Parker's Store, May 5th; opening fight.5th New York Cavalry Wilson's Cavalry 16 21 13 50 1st New Jersey Cavalry Gregg's Cavalry 7 41 10 58 1st U. S. Cavalry Merritt's Cavalry 8 34 3 45 1st Vermont Cavalry Wilson's Cavalry 5 30 11 46 Chester Station, Va.             May 6-7, 1864.             67th Ohio Terry's Tenth 12 66 -- 78 13th Indiana Ames's Tenth 7 35 40 82 Port Walthall, Va.    
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