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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The Shiloh battle-order and the withdrawal Sunday . (search)
on the field at that last hour of the battle of the 6th, a witness of the actually fruitless efforts made to storm the last position held by the enemy upon the ridge covering the immediate landing-place, known as Pittsburg, he might be better informed why it was that that position was not carried, and be less disposed to adduce such testimony as that of General Bragg, to the effect that but for the order given by Beauregard to withdraw from action he would have carried all before him. It so happened that I rejoined General Beauregard at a point near Shiloh Chapel (having escorted General Prentiss from the field to General Beauregard), when General Bragg rode up from the front, and I heard him say in an excited manner: General, we have carried everything before us to the Tennessee River. I have ridden from Owl to Lick Creek, and there is none of the enemy to be seen. Beauregard quietly replied: Then, General, do not unnecessarily expose your command to the fire of the gun-boats.
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The battle of Shiloh. (search)
p ravines intersect, rendering it the worst possible battle-ground. The principal streams are Lick creek, which empties into the Tennessee above the landing; Owl creek, which rises near the source of Lick creek, flows southeast, encircling the battle-field, and falls into Snake creek, which empties into the Tennessee below the landing, or about three miles below Lick creek. The country at the peLick creek. The country at the period referred to was a primeval forest, except where occasional settlers had opened out into small farms. The Army of the Tennessee lay within the area indicated, extending three and a half miles fro for future history that our right flank was well guarded by Owl and Snake creeks, our left by Lick creek, leaving us simply to guard our front. No stronger position was ever held by any army. --(Rec. The first, according to General Beauregard's report, extended from Owl creek on the left to Lick creek on the right, a distance of about three miles, supported by the third and the reserve. The fi
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The Army at Pittsburg landing-injured by a fall --the Confederate attack at Shiloh-the first day's fight at Shiloh-General Sherman-condition of the Army-close of the first day's fight --the second day's fight-retreat and defeat of the Confederates (search)
s country. Some two or three miles from Pittsburg landing was a log meetinghouse called Shiloh. It stood on the ridge which divides the waters of Snake and Lick creeks, the former emptying into the Tennessee just north of Pittsburg landing, and the latter south. This point was the key to our position and was held by Sherman. ers thus necessarily effected in the heat of battle the efficiency of his division was much weakened. The position of our troops made a continuous line from Lick Creek on the left to Owl Creek, a branch of Snake Creek, on the right, facing nearly south and possibly a little west. The water in all these streams was very high aeption of a few minutes after the capture of Prentiss, a continuous and unbroken line was maintained all day from Snake Creek or its tributaries on the right to Lick Creek or the Tennessee on the left above Pittsburg. There was no hour during the day when there was not heavy firing and generally hard fighting at some point on the
e same road to reinforce the regiment of cavalry and battery of four pieces, already thrown forward to watch and guard Grier's, Tanner's, and Borland's Fords of Lick Creek. Thirty minutes after 5 A. M. our lines and columns were in motion, all animated evidently by a promising spirit. The front line was engaged at once, but atroops moved forward, despite the determined resistance of the enemy, until after 6 P. M., when we were in possession of all his encampments between the Owl and Lick Creeks but one; nearly all of his field-artillery, about thirty flags, colors, and standards, over three thousand prisoners, including a division commander (General Prtroops moved forward despite, the determined resistance of the enemy, until after 6 P. M., when we were in possession of all his encampments between the Owl and Lick Creeks, but one. It was that one encampment that furnished a foothold for all the subsequent reinforcements sent by Buell, and gave occasion for the final withdrawal
eek, Hamilton County, and one on the East Tennessee and Georgia railroad on Hiawassee River, Bradley County. Five minutes after the guard passed through, the whole bridge was in flames. Two bridges on the East Tennessee and Georgia railroad on Lick Creek, Green County, and another on Holstein River, were also burned. The guard at Lick Creek were unarmed. They were overwhelmed, tied, and carried away and kept during the day. The bridge on Holstein River was not guarded. It was thought unnecesLick Creek were unarmed. They were overwhelmed, tied, and carried away and kept during the day. The bridge on Holstein River was not guarded. It was thought unnecessary to guard it, Sullivan County being strongly Southern in feeling. The bridge at Holstein River is at Strawberry Plains. In Jefferson County the bridge was fired, but the fire was put out by the people. The city of Savannah, Ga., was in a state of intense excitement. The news of the capture of the Walker battery on Hilton Head, and the arrival of retreating troops, among them many of the wounded, aroused the intensest feeling. Everybody was in the street, and large crowds collected ar
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 10: General Mitchel's invasion of Alabama.--the battles of Shiloh. (search)
n its right was Snake Creek, and on its left Lick Creek, streams which formed good natural flank def we surely would have been overwhelmed; as both Lick and Snake Creeks forced the enemy to confine hiay on the Hamburg road, near its crossing of Lick Creek, on the extreme left. General Lewis Wallace commanded by unguarded heights, overlooking Lick Creek, which were easily approached from Corinth. cond extending from Owl Creek on the left to Lick Creek on the right, a distance of about three mileng on the Hamburg road, near the crossing of Lick Creek. Its position was isolated, and could be eas of Stuart and Hurlbut in the morning, from Lick Creek across the Corinth road, and tried to cross rors only as far as the bluffs and swamps of Lick Creek. They were astonished at the fact that theyin distance, when we forded clear and pebbly Lick Creek, climbed the hills on its opposite side, and greater portion of the lines of battle from Lick Creek to Owl Creek, we visited the site of Shiloh [1 more...]
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), March 14-17, 1862.-expedition from Savannah, Tenn., to Yellow Creek, Miss., and occupation of Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. (search)
h. As soon as the cavalry returned I saw that an attempt on the road was frustrated, and accordingly have placed McDowell's brigade to our right front guarding the pass of Snake Creek, Stuart's brigade to the left front to watch the pass of Lick Creek, and shall this morning move directly out on the Corinth road, about 8 miles, to or towards Pea Ridge, which is a key-point to the Southwest. General Hurlbut's division will be landed to-day, and the artillery and infantry disposed so as to, which is prohibited by General Halleck's instructions, so that I will be governed by your orders of yesterday to occupy Pittsburg strongly. Extend the pickets so as to include a semicircle of 3 miles, and push strong reconnaissance as far as Lick Creek and Pea Ridge. I will send down a good many boats to-day to be employed as you may direct, and would be obliged if you would send us if possible a couple thousand sacks of corn, as much hay as you can possibly spare, and if possible a barge
3 miles, and upon the evidence of a woman living near the picket post he certainly had given information to the rebels of our approach. I accordingly arrested him, and have brought him to camp for your examination. Finding no trace of the fugitive rebels, I ordered my command back to camp, arriving here at 9 a. m. I learned that at Monterey the rebels have three regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, and a battery of artillery. They are also in force with cavalry on the other side of Lick Creek. I have the honor to remain, your obedient servant, W. I. H. Taylor, Colonel Fifth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry. Brig. Gen. William T. Sherman, Commanding First Division, Army of West Tennessee. No. 2.-report of Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers, C. S. Army. Headquarters advance, April 3, 1862. Major: Colonel Clanton has just reported verbally to me that the enemy's pickets attacked his advance pickets about daylight this morning, and he fears that 2 of his men were captured, t
o that wagons be sent out to bring in the many tents belonging to us, which are pitched all along the road for 4 miles. I did not destroy these, because I know the enemy cannot remove them. The roads are very bad, and the road is strewn with abandoned wagons, ambulances, and limber-boxes. The enemy has succeeded in carrying off the guns, but has crippled his batteries by abandoning the hind limber-boxes of at least twenty guns. I am satisfied the enemy's infantry and artillery passed Lick Creek this morning, traveling all last night, and that he left behind all his cavalry, which has protected his retreat, but the signs of confusion and disorder mark the whole road. The check sustained by us at the fallen timbers delayed our advance, so that night came upon us before the wounded were provided for and dead buried, and our troops being fagged out by three days hard fighting, exposure, and privation, I ordered them back to camp, where all now are. I have the honor to be, yo
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 29-June 10, 1862.-advance upon and siege of Corinth, and pursuit of the Confederate forces to Guntown, Miss. (search)
tance out from Hamburg, on the south side of Lick Creek, which ran between it and the two armies comon of Corinth. The one on the right crosses Lick Creek 6 miles from its mouth, passes through Monteg to Corinth. The one farthest west touches Lick Creek at Greer's, about a mile below Atkins', thenbecomes a little hilly. The roads across Lick Creek were completed on the 2d of May, and on thatlery remained several days longer in rear of Lick Creek. Some skirmishing occurred on the 6th betwend repairing roads. On the 3d we crossed Lick Creek and advanced within about 12 miles of Corinte corduroy road through the swampy bottom of Lick Creek. Heavy details were employed on this work fg. The enemy, having taken refuge behind Lick Creek upon a lofty range called Pea Ridge, commanduse, we took the position behind a branch of Lick Creek which had been assigned to us, and pitched o White House and the First Division south of Lick Creek and within a mile of Monterey, they remained[10 more...]
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