Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Arkansas (United States) or search for Arkansas (United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Joliet, Louis 1645-1700 (search)
ade in the Western wilderness. In 1673 Intendant Talon, at Quebec, with the sanction of Governor Frontenac, selected Joliet to find and ascertain the direction of the course of the Mississippi and its mouth. Starting from Mackinaw, in May, 1673, with Father Marquette and five other Frenchmen, they reached the Mississippi June 17. They studied the country on their route, made maps, and gained much information. After intercourse with Indians on the lower Mississippi, near the mouth of the Arkansas, who had trafficked with Europeans, they were satisfied that the Mississippi emptied into the Gulf of Mexico, and made their way back to Green Bay, where Joliet started alone for Quebec to report to his superiors. His canoe was upset in Lachine Rapids, above Montreal, and his journals and charts were lost, but he wrote out his narrative from memory, which agreed, in essentials, with that of Marquette. Joliet afterwards went on an expedition to Hudson Bay, in the service of his King, and w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Marquette, Jacques 1637- (search)
to join Joliet in a thorough exploration of the whole course of the great river. That explorer and five others left Mackinaw in two canoes in May, 1673, and, reaching the Wisconsin River by way of Green Bay, Fox River, and a portage, floated down that stream to the Mississippi, where they arrived June 17. Near the mouth of the Ohio River savages told them it was not more than ten days journey to the sea. Voyaging down the great river until they were satisfied, when at the mouth of the Arkansas River, that the Mississippi emptied into the Gulf of Mexico, and not into the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean, they concluded to return, to avoid captivity among the Spaniards farther south. They had accomplished their errand, and travelled in open canoes over 2,500 miles. Passing up the Illinois River instead of the Wisconsin, they reached Green Bay in September. There, at a mission, Marquette was detained a whole year by sickness. In 1674 he sent an account of his explorations of the Mississipp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri compromise, the (search)
he age of twenty-five years. This motion brought the slavery question again before Congress most conspicuously. After a three days vehement debate, it was carried, 87 to 76. As a companion to the Missouri bill, another to organize the Territory of Arkansas was introduced (Feb. 16). When it was taken up, John W. Taylor, of New York, moved to add a provision that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude should hereafter be introduced into any part of the Territories of the United States north of lat. 36° 30′ N., the northern boundary of the proposed new Territory of Arkansas. Arthur Livermore, of New Hampshire, who had been zealous for the Missouri restrictions, conceived that this proposition had been made in the true spirit of compromise, but thought that line of division not sufficiently favorable to freedom. Gen. W. H. Harrison agreed to the necessity of some such partition. but he proposed a line due west from the mouth of the Des Moines River, thus giving up to slavery th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nicollet, Jean Nicholas 1786-1843 (search)
Nicollet, Jean Nicholas 1786-1843 Explorer; born in Cluses, Savoy, July 24, 1786; came to the United States in 1823 to study the physical geography of North America; first travelled over the Southern States and then explored the region in which lay the sources of the Missouri, Arkansas, and Red rivers. In 1836 he explored the sources of the Mississippi. Afterwards he was employed by the War Department. His publications include Report intended to illustrate a map of the hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River. He died in Washington, D. C., Sept. 11, 1843.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ouvrier, Pierre Gustave 1765-1822 (search)
Ouvrier, Pierre Gustave 1765-1822 Historian; born in Calais, France, in 1765; was appointed chancellor to the French consulate in Philadelphia in 1795; later he descended the Mississippi River to New Orleans, and also explored the Missouri and Arkansas rivers. In 1796-1804 he explored Missouri, Louisiana, northern Texas, both Carolinas, Georgia, Ohio, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and southern Illinois. He returned to France on the restoration of Louis XVIII. His publications include The political and Civil history of the United States of North America; and Critical studies on the political Constitution of the United States of North America and the contradictions which exist between it and the Civil laws of the various States of the Union. He died in Calais, France, in 1822.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pine Bluff, battle of. (search)
Pine Bluff, battle of. Fifty miles below Little Rock, on the south side of the Arkansas River, is Pine Bluff, the county seat of Jefferson county, Ark. In October, 1863, it was occupied by Col. Powell Clayton, with about 350 men and four guns. Marmaduke attempted to capture it with over 2,000 men and twelve guns. He advanced upon the post in three columns. Clayton had just been reinforced by Indiana cavalry, making the number of his fighting men about 600. About 200 negroes had built barricades of cotton-bales in the streets. The attack was made (Oct. 25) by Marmaduke, and was kept up for about five hours. The Confederates were repulsed with a loss of 183 men killed, wounded, and prisoners; the Nationals lost 57, of whom 17 were killed. The town was badly shattered, and the court-house and many dwellings were laid in ashes.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Prairie Grove, battle of. (search)
Schofield to relinquish command, which was assumed by Blunt. Hindman now determined to strike a decisive blow for the recovery of Arkansas from National control. Late in November he had in one body about 20,000 men on the western borders of Arkansas, and on the 28th moved against Blunt. His advance, composed of Marmaduke's cavalry, was attacked and defeated by Blunt on Boston Mountains. The latter now took position at Cane Hill, where Hindman tried to crush him. Hindman crossed the Arkansas River at Van Buren (Dec. 1, 1862) with about 11,000 men, including 2,000 cavalry, and joined Marmaduke. Told of this, Blunt sent to Herron, then just over the Missouri border, for assistance. He immediately marched into Arkansas at the rate of 20 miles a day, with guns and trains. He sent forward cavalry, but on the morning of Dec. 7 he met a part of them who had been driven back by Marmaduke's horsemen. Meanwhile, Blunt had been skirmishing with the Confederates, who had turned his left
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sioux Indians, or Dakota, Indians, (search)
powerful tribe of Indians, who were found by the French, in 1640, near the headwaters of the Mississippi River. The Algonquians called them Nadowessioux, whence they came to be called Sioux. They occupied the vast domain extending from the Arkansas River, in the south, to the western tributary of Lake Winnipeg, in the north, and westward to the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. They have been classed into four grand divisions— namely, the Winnebagoes, who inhabited the country between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi, among the Algonquians; the Assiniboines, or Sioux proper (the most northerly of the nation); the Minnetaree group, in Minnesota; and the Southern Sioux, who dwelt in the country between the Arkansas and Platte rivers, and whose hunting-grounds extended to the Rocky Mountains. In 1679 Jean Duluth, a French officer, set up the Gallic standard among them near Lake St. Peter, and A Sioux village. the next year he rescued from them Father Hennepin, who first exp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arkansas (search)
Capital, Little Rock. This State probably visited by De Soto......1541 La Salle passes down the Mississippi to its mouth......1682 Louis XV. of France grants to John Law, originator of the Mississippi scheme, a tract of land in the Arkansas River (Law, however, neglects it)......1720 Transfer by France to Spain of Louisiana includes the present State of Arkansas......Nov. 3, 1762 First settlement at Arkansas Post......1785 Spain cedes Louisiana to France by treaty of Ildefonsed by France to the United States, who pay $11,250,000 and assume the French spoliation claims ......1803 Missouri Territory established, including Arkansas and all north of the State of Louisiana and west of the Mississippi......1812 Arkansas Territory, including all north of the State of Louisiana, and south of 36° 30′, and west from the Mississippi River to the 100° meridian, formed......March 2, 1819 Arkansas gazette, first newspaper in the Territory, published at Little Rock, Willi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colorado, (search)
Peak......Nov. 15, 1806 He was born in New Jersey, Jan. 5, 1779; killed at the taking of York, now Toronto, Canada......1812 Maj. Stephen H. Long visits this region, and he reports to Congress that all the country drained by the Missouri, Arkansas, and Platte rivers is unsuitable for cultivation and uninhabitable......1819 [This impression aided to delay settlement of Colorado until Oregon and California had both been settled. Bancroft's Colorado, p. 349.] Bent brothers erect a stockade called Fort William on the north branch of the Arkansas River......1832 John C. Fremont's expedition touches Colorado......1842-44 Fort Massachusetts erected on Ute Creek......1850 Discovery of gold in what is now Colorado, reported......1852-57 W. Green Russell, a miner of Dahlomega, Ga., organizes an expedition to search for gold in Colorado......1858 Denver founded......1858 [Named after the governor of Kansas.] Gold discovered at Boulder Creek......Jan. 15, 1859
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