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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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E. M. Stanton (search for this): chapter 6
, after Gen. McClellan's embarking the bulk of his forces for Fortress Monroe, to make a rush upon Washington from behind the Rappahannock. Five days later, Secretary Stanton wrote, as we have already seen, to Gen. McClellan, that the President made o objection to his plan of operations, provided he would-- 1st. Leave such fore President's question as to the grave discrepancy between the 85,000 men, admitted to be with or on their way to him by Gen. M., and the 108,000 asserted by Secretary Stanton, was never answered, and probably could not be; since an official return of the number of his Army April 30th, while it was still before Yorktown, makes its that he was ready to do so again. The President therefore suggested that he might get a good ready, and start on Monday, which was agreed on. Messrs. Lincoln and Stanton returned to Washington that night, and had hardly left before a telegram came announcing this raid of Jackson up [down] the Shenandoah Valley. This was soon foll
Ambrose E. Burnside (search for this): chapter 6
n army, moved from Williamsburg on the 8th to open communication with Gen. Franklin, followed by Smith's division on the direct road to Richmond. Rain fell frequently; the roads were horrible; so that Gen. McClellan's headquarters only reached White House on tile 16th, Tunstall's Station on the 19th, and Coal Harbor on the 22d. Our advanced light troops lad reached tile Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge two days before. The movement of our grand army up the Peninsula, in connection with Burnside's successes and captures in North Carolina, See pages 73-81. had rendered the possession of Norfolk by the Rebels no longer tenable. To hold it by any force less than an army would be simply exposing that force to capture or destruction at the pleasure of our strategists. Gen. Wool, commanding at Fortress Monroe, having organized an expedition designed to reduce that important city, led it thither on the 10th; finding the bridge over Tanner's creek on fire, but no enemy to dispute poss
, Gen. Kearny ordered Col. Hobart Ward, with the 38th New York, to charge down the road and take the rifle-pits on the center of the abatis by their flank; which was gallantly done, the regiment losing 9 of its 19 officers during the brief hour of its engagement. The success of its charge not being perfect, the left wing of Col. Riley's 40th New York (Mozart) charged up to the open space, and, taking the rifle-pits in reverse, drove out their occupants and held the ground. By this time, Gen. Jameson had brought up the rear brigade of the division; whereby, under a severe fire, a second line was established, and two columns of regiments made disposable for further operations, when thick darkness closed in, and our soldiers rested, in rain and mire, on the field they had barely won. Gen. Heintzelman, who had at Yorktown been charged by Gen. McClellan with the direction of the pursuit, had this day been superseded by an order which placed Gen. Sumner in command at the front. To Sumn
Edward Johnson (search for this): chapter 6
and check Banks. Jackson moved rapidly to Staunton, being reenforced by the division of Gen. Edward Johnson, which he dispatched May 7 in advance of his own, against Milroy; who, being decidedlyis part of 461--71 killed, including 3 Colonels and 2 Majors, and 390 wounded, among whom was Gen. Johnson. Our troops retreated to Franklin during the night, carrying off their wounded, but burning ommanding; 3d brigade, Col. Fulkerson commanding; the troops recently under command of Brig.-Gen. Edward Johnson; and the division of Gen. Ewell. comprising the brigades of Gens. Elzey, Taylor, Trimf regiments in the Rebel army opposite Winchester was 28, being Ewell's division, Jackson's and Johnson's forces; the whole being commanded by Gen. Jackson. These regiments were full, and could not tamps him a true military genius. Confidential letters, unpublished, from Lee and Jackson to Johnson and Ewell, show that the movement was suggested, and in fact directed, from Richmond: Jackson a
McLaughlin (search for this): chapter 6
rce concealed until Jackson was induced to advance in force and attack. In the slight skirmish which occurred, About sunset, March 22. Gen. Shields was struck by a fragment of shell which broke his arm, and so injured his shoulder and side that he fought next day's battle in bed. Jackson had 10 regiments of infantry, all Virginians, but reports their aggregate strength at only 3,087 men, with 27 guns and 290 cavalry. Pollard says the Confederate forces amounted to 6,000 men, with Capt. McLaughlin's battery and Col. Ashby's cavalry. Gen. Shields had 6,000 infantry, 750 cavalry, and 24 guns, well posted some three miles south of Winchester, and half a mile north of the little village of Kernstown, covering the three principal roads which enter Winchester from the south-east, south, and south-west. Gen. Banks had remained with Shields until about 10 A. M.; Sunday. March 23. when, a careful reconnoissance having discovered no enemy in front but Ashby's cavalry, he concluded t
ng the unobstructed navigation of the Potomac, or, by withholding that cooperation at that time, permit so important a channel of communication to be closed? McClellan at last agreed to spare 4,000 men for the cooperative measure; but, when Capt. Craven assembled his flotilla at the appointed time and place, the troops were not on hand. The General's excuse was that his engineers were of the opinion that so large a body of troops could not be landed at Matthias Point — the place agreed upon.owing night. Again the flotilla was in readiness; again the troops were missing. No troops were then, nor ever, sent down for that purpose; the only reason elicited from McClellan being that he feared it might bring on a general engagement. Capt. Craven indignantly threw up his command on the Potomac, and applied to be sent to sea — not wishing to lose his own reputation, on account of non-cooperation on the part of the army. (The foregoing note is condensed from the first Report of the Jo
Simon Cameron (search for this): chapter 6
d troops suffered so severely from storm and frost, while so many of his horses were disabled by falling on the icy roads, that his losses probably exceeded the damage inflicted on us; and his blow was fairly countered by Gen. F. W. Lander, who led 4,000 men southward from the Potomac, Feb. 13. and, bridging the Great Cacapon in the night, made a dash at Blooming Gap, which he surprised, killing 13 and capturing 75 Rebels, including 17 officers, with a loss of 2 men and 6 horses. Gen. Simon Cameron had been succeeded Jan. 13. by Hon. Edwin M. Stanton--an eminent lawyer, without pretensions to military knowledge, and of limited experience in public affairs, but evincing a rough energy and zeal for decisive efforts, which the country hailed as of auspicious augury. Two weeks later, Jan. 27. a War Order was issued by the President, commanding a general advance upon the enemy from every quarter on the 22d of February proximo, and declaring that the Secretaries of War and of th
R. B. Garnett (search for this): chapter 6
ined advance, and they retreated in disorder, leaving 2 guns, 4 caissons, and many small arms. Night now fell, and saved them, doubtless, from a heavier loss. Our men secured their prisoners, cared for their wounded — those of the Rebels leaving mostly been carried off by them prior to their retreat — and sank down to rest on the battle-field. The Rebels retreated a few miles, rapidly but in good order, ere they, too, rested for the night. Jackson attributes his defeat in part to Gen. R. B. Garnett's error of judgment in repeatedly ordering his men to retreat, when he should have held on and fought. It seems clear, however, that the capital mistake was his own in fighting at all, when his total force, according to his own estimate, was less than 5,000 men, and lie estimates our infantry on the field at over 11,000. He makes his loss 80 killed, 342 wounded, and 269 missing, mainly prisoners; total, 691; while Shields claims 300 prisoners, and estimates the Rebel loss in killed a
R. H. Milroy (search for this): chapter 6
Valley; but he was soon startled by tidings that Gen. Milroy, with the advance of Gen. Schenck's division of F dispatched May 7 in advance of his own, against Milroy; who, being decidedly overmatched, retreated westwae traversed, with his brigade, in 23 hours, joining Milroy at 10 A. M. of the 8th; but he brought only three rs, reduced by details to less than 2,000 men; while Milroy's force was but very little stronger. Jackson's co, a mile or two west of McDowell. Schenck saw that Milroy's position was untenable, being commanded by hightsould command our whole encampment, Schenek directed Milroy, with the 3d Virginia, 25th, 32d, and 82d Ohio, num, 3d, and 5th Virginia, with the 25th Ohio, under Gen. Milroy, in the center, with the 8th, 41st, and 45th New morning, but had now fallen in between Schenck and Milroy. Thus formed, our army advanced steadily and succeorder, and finally receded for a mile, finding that Milroy had moved toward the left, and that he must follow
Stonewall Jackson (search for this): chapter 6
etreats Fremont strikes Ewell at Cross-Keys Jackson crosses the South Fork at Port Republic, and d by hardship, exposure, and anxiety. pursued Jackson to Newmarket, March 19. where he found him the larger part of his force concealed until Jackson was induced to advance in force and attack. rder, ere they, too, rested for the night. Jackson attributes his defeat in part to Gen. R. B. Gther be fully trusted or superseded. Stonewall Jackson, after his defeat March 23. by Shieldnson's forces; the whole being commanded by Gen. Jackson. These regiments were full, and could not l cavalry, pursued so far as Martinsburg; but Jackson halted his infantry not far beyond Winchesterricher harvest of the fruits of victory. Jackson, after menacing Harper's Ferry, May 29. whlowed by an order to send a division up after Jackson. McDowell adds: I did so, although I repliedggested, and in fact directed, from Richmond: Jackson and Ewell being ordered to combine their forc[32 more...]
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