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to the Confederates. and the Government itself, without waiting to hear a word from the United States on the subject, at once assumed a belligerent position, and made energetic preparations for war. So urgent seemed the necessity, that not an hour of procrastination was permitted. All through Sunday, the 1st of December (immediately after the arrival of the passengers of the Trent), men were engaged in the Tower of London in packing twenty-five thousand muskets to be sent to Canada. On the 4th, December, 1861. a royal proclamation was issued, prohibiting the exportation of arms and munitions of war; and the shipment of saltpeter was stopped. A general panic prevailed in business circles. Visions of British privateers sweeping American commerce from the seas floated before the English mind, and no insurance on American vessels could be obtained. American securities dropped amazingly, and large fortunes were made by wise ones, under the shadow of high places, who purchased and he
November 28th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 7
ected and discouraging to them and their sympathizers in America and great Britain, who hoped for and confidently expected A. War between the two Governments that would redound to the benefit of the insurgents, that they could not conceal their chagrin and disappointment. They had tried to fan the flame of discord between the Cabinets of Washington and London. In England, Liverpool was the focus of efforts in aid of the rebellion. There the friends of the conspirators held a meeting, Nov. 28, 1861. the meeting was called by the following placard, posted all over the town: Outrage on the British flag — the Southern Commissioners forcibly removed from a British mail steamer. A public meeting will be held in the cotton Salesroom at three o'clock. which was presided over by James Spence, who, for a time, was the fiscal agent of the Confederates and a bitter enemy of the Republic. On that occasion the act of Wilkes was denounced as a gross violation of the honor of the British f
y. He assured him that his conduct had the emphatic approval of the Department. . In his annual report, submitted to Congress three days afterward, the Secretary as emphatically approved Wilkes's course, and at the same time remarked that his generous forbearance in not capturing the Trent must not be permitted to constitute a precedent hereafter for the treatment of any case of similar infraction of neutral obligations by foreign vessels engaged in commerce or the carrying trade. On the first day of the Session of Congress, Dec. 2. the House of Representatives, on motion of Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois, tendered the thanks of Congress to Captain Wilkes, for his arrest of the traitors Slidell and Mason. By a further resolution, the President was requested, in retaliation for the outrageous treatment of Colonel Corcoran, then a prisoner in the hands of the Confederates, in confining him in the cell of a convicted felon, to subject Mason to like treatment in Fort Warren. Report of
nd eminent British statesman, stood most conspicuous. In the midst of the tumultuous surges of popular excitement that rocked the British islands in December and January, his voice, in unison with that of Richard Cobden, was heard calmly speaking of righteousness and counseling peace. He appeared as the champion of the Republic as Government, to surrender Mason and Slidell and their secretaries ; and in the First days of 1862, he said, the fate of the American Government will be sealed if January passes without some great victory. the most absurd stories concerning the temper of the American Government, calculated to inflame the public mind and excite a edition entered the Inlet. The weather continued boisterous. Many of them drew too much water to allow them to cross the bars; and the remainder of the month of January was spent in overcoming the difficulties of that perilous passage, and in making full preparations for moving forward over the still waters of Pamlico Sound. G
January 11th (search for this): chapter 7
ction. A well-organized signal corps accompanied the expedition, and there were two extensive pontoon trains. Fully equipped in every way, the expedition, whose destination had been kept a profound secret, left Hampton Roads on Sunday, the 11th of January, 1862. and went to sea. when it was known that the expedition had actually gone out upon th<*> Atlantic at that inclement season, there was great anxiety in the public Stephen C. Rowan. mind. The storm of November, by which Dupont's founded. A portion of Goldsborough's fleet now met with a similar fate off tempestuous Cape Hatteras. Its destination was Pamlico Sound, which was to be reached through Hatteras Inlet. The voyage had been lengthened by a heavy fog on Sunday, Jan. 11. and on Monday night those vessels of the fleet which had not reached the stiller waters of the Inlet were smitten and scattered by a terrible tempest. Four transports, a gun-boat, and a floating battery were wrecked. Among these was the fine
January 12th (search for this): chapter 7
estuous Cape Hatteras. Its destination was Pamlico Sound, which was to be reached through Hatteras Inlet. The voyage had been lengthened by a heavy fog on Sunday, Jan. 11. and on Monday night those vessels of the fleet which had not reached the stiller waters of the Inlet were smitten and scattered by a terrible tempest. Four transports, a gun-boat, and a floating battery were wrecked. Among these was the fine steamer City of New York, Captain Nye. It went down in sight of the shore, Jan. 12. with four hundred barrels of gunpowder, one thousand five hundred rifles, eight hundred shells, and other stores and supplies; but no human life perished with it. Nor was any man lost in the other vessels that were wrecked; but of a party who went ashore from one of the transports Jan. 14, 1862. yet outside, three were drowned by the upsetting of their boat on its return. These were Colonel J. W. Allen, of Burlington, New Jersey, commander of the Ninth regiment from that State; the surge
January 7th (search for this): chapter 7
ngress, cast reflections upon the troops there; but a Committee of that body, appointed to investigate the matter, declared that the battle was one of the most gallant and brilliant actions of the War, and laid the blame, if any existed, on Huger and Benjamin, especially on the latter, who, it was said, had positively refused to put the Island in a State of defense. Pollard, the Confederate historian of the War, says, that records showed that Wise, who assumed the command there on the 7th of January, had pressed upon the Government the importance of Roanoke Island to Norfolk. in a Report to Benjamin, on the 18th of that month, he said the canals and railroads connecting with Norfolk were utterly defenseless. later he reported that a force at Hatteras, independent of the Burnside expedition. Was amply sufficient to capture or pass Roanoke Island in Twenty-four hours. Wise also asked for re-enforcements from Huger's fifteen thousand men, lying idle around Norfolk. He was answered
id this Rule, practically enforced, operate upon the commerce of the world for England's benefit, that in 1780 the northern powers of Europe-Russia, Sweden, Denmark, and Holland-formed a treaty of alliance, called the Armed neutrality, to resist the pretensions and evil practices of Great Britain. The doctrine of the league was that of Frederick, but much enlarged. Armaments were prepared to sustain the doctrine, but Great Britain's naval strength was too great, and the effort failed. In 1798, when Great Britain was at war with France, The rule of 1756 was again put into active operation. By an order in Council, it was directed that all vessels laden with goods, the produce of any colony of France, or carrying provisions or supplies for such colony, should be seized and brought in for adjudication. This was aimed at American commerce, which was then exciting the envy of the British. To that commerce France had then opened all her West India ports. The order was secretly circul
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