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emy, and thereby deter him from hurling his overwhelmingly strong numbers upon our lines. General Warren continued to maintain his position, although no other corps had formed a junction with him. The First corps, General Newton, which had been ordered from the left in the afternoon, reached the rear of General Warren's command half an hour before dark, and, at daylight on the twenty-eighth, they were in line of battle on his left, a little south of the turnpike. The Sixth corps, General Sedgwick, moved up and took position to the right of the Second corps, at daylight. At sunrise, the First, Second, and Sixth corps proceeded in line of battle simultaneously, but, to their great chagrin, they found the fleet-footed enemy had decamped during the night. By constant and rapid marching, our advance overtook their retreating rear-guard, and shortly after discovered the main body of the rebel army in a strong position on the west bank of Mine Run, which. is about one and three quar
ff his right leg, and he was borne from the field. It was now pretty clear that General Meade had awakened to the fact which he treated with such indifference when pressed on him by Sickles in the morning — that our left was the assailable point, if not the key to our position; for he began to pour in reenforcements whose presence in the beginning of the action would have saved thousands of lives. Perceiving great exertions on the part of the enemy, says Meade's report, the Sixth corps (Sedgwick's) and part of the First corps, (Newton's,) Lockwood's Maryland brigade, together with detachments from the Second corps, were all brought up at different periods, and succeeded, together with the gallant resistance of the Fifth corps, in checking and finally repulsing the assault of the enemy, who retired in confusion and disorder about sunset, and ceased any further efforts. If this remarkable concentration of troops was necessary, at last, to save the left of our army, it is almost incr
erable number wounded. Many prisoners fell into our hands, some of whom succeeded in making their escape. Colonel Stedman hearing the firing in the direction of Stannardsville, and knowing it must arise from an engagement between Custer and the enemy, started back with his wearied men to the relief of the beleaguered party. They proceeded till the enemy was met and Custer discovered to be safe, when they also returned without damage. This expedition was highly successful. The diversion created in favor of Kilpatrick could not have been greater. The Third and Sixth corps remained on the open field, exposed to all the inclemency of the weather. At one time General Sedgwick was at a loss how to proceed. No intelligence had been received from Custer. His troops had consumed their scanty store of supplies, while the clouds assumed a more gloomy aspect. At last every thing was discovered to be progressing favorably, and the infantry are by this time on the homeward march.
n Gibbon remained in undisturbed possession of the field. He was then relieved by a brigade of Sedgwick's division. Finding themselves outflanked, both on the right and left, the enemy abandoned thed been conspicuous and important. About an hour after this time, Sumner's corps, consisting of Sedgwick's, Richardson's and French's divisions, arrived on the field — Richardson some time after the other two, as he was unable to start as soon as they. Sedgwick, on the right, penetrated the woods in front of Hooker's and Mansfield's troops. French and Richardson were placed to the left of SedgSedgwick, thus attacking the enemy toward their left centre. Crawford's and Sedgwick's lines, however, yielded to a destructive fire of masses of the enemy in the woods, and, suffering greatly, (GeneralsGenerals Sedgwick and Crawford being among the wounded,) their troops fell back in disorder; they, nevertheless, rallied in the woods. The enemy's advance was, however, entirely checked by the destructive f
t was all. At Fredericksburgh he had lost ground. Sedgwick had carried the heights and was well advanced towaHooker's loss was but five thousand, not including Sedgwick's. The time had arrived, as we look at it now, to this moment I see but one impolitic movement — Sedgwick's attack. The heights of Fredericksburgh were of no account to Hooker. Sedgwick had twenty thousand men to carry them. It was bravely, gallantly done. He carush Jackson. I have no information as to whether Sedgwick acted strictly according to orders or not. Monday came. Lee sent an overwhelming force against Sedgwick while Jackson rested, and all that had been gained, the circumstances before condemning the delay. Sedgwick driven back, Lee was emboldened and strengthened. points of the fight on the left, saying nothing of Sedgwick's operations, and leaving out details, that you man the form of a square at Chancellorsville, whilst Sedgwick crossed below at Fredericksburgh, turned our right
o ask whether this term deserted, had also been derived from his report. Heintzelman disclaimed the authorship, and sent me a printed copy of his report of the battle. In this report he says: Seeing that the enemy were giving way, (this refers to their sudden repulse by Sumner and Hooker, upon whom they unexpectedly came while following Seymour,) I returned to the forks of the (Charles City) road, where later in the day I received a call from General Kearny for aid. Knowing that all General Sedgwick's troops were unavailable, I was glad to avail myself of the kind offer of General Slocum to send the New-Jersey brigade of his division to General Kearny's aid. I rode out far enough on the Charles City road to see that we had nothing to fear from that direction, and returned to see the New-Jersey brigade enter the woods to General Kearny's relief. A battery accompanied this brigade. They soon drove back the enemy. It was now growing dark. On comparing Heintzelnan's statement just
to force the passage of the Rappahannock. Major-General Sedgwick, in command of the Sixth and Fifth corps, aintrenched on the north bank of the river. Major-General Sedgwick attacked and carried the enemy's works, on ; but owing to a fog prevailing, preventing Major-General Sedgwick from ascertaining whether the enemy had eva known position, I ordered the Sixth corps, Major-General Sedgwick, to follow the Third, thus placing considern was to make the main attack, and at nine o'clock Sedgwick was to assault with his column; and when these atty's skirmishers, and every preparation was made by Sedgwick for his attack, having moved his column during the and would not make it without further orders. As Sedgwick's attack was subsidiary to Warren's, and as owing f the army, that I had not the means of supporting Sedgwick in case of a repulse, or reenforcing him in the evof success, I was obliged to suspend the attack of Sedgwick on the enemy's left, which I did just in time, and
em, as now proposed, is a good one; that it may be subject to modifications which can be made by orders; that it is an admirable system to be adopted by all our armies. General Hooker said he regarded the bill as unexceptionable. General Sykes, commanding a corps in the army of the Potomac, said: In its main provisions it is identical of Order Eighty-five, of this army, August twenty-fourth, 1863. The system established in those orders has been tested, and found highly satisfactory. General Sedgwick, commanding the Sixth corps, of the army of the Potomac, said of the bill: It is essentially the same as now organized in this army, and has been found to work admirably. General French, another corps commander of the army of the Potomac, says: The system, as embodied in the bill, is almost practically perfect. General Pleasonton, who commanded the cavalry of the army of the Potomac, said of the bill: I am very glad to find it so nearly accords with the system adopted for the service
ved your letter of the twenty ninth ult. yesterday. I was very sorry not to meet you. I spoke to the Secretary about Burnside having stated that he had told the President he ought to remove himself and Halleck. He said he had never heard of it until a few days before, when Halleck having seen the statement made by you in your pamphlet, spoke to him about it. That so far as he knew, there is not a word of truth in it. I heard Burnside make the statement in your presence. I have heard Sedgwick and Hancock say they heard Burnside make the statement. I have heard Hooker refer to it, as though he had heard it direct. I am almost certain I have heard Meade say he had heard Burnside make the same statement. I called the Secretary's attention to this in a letter written just before our last move, but he says he never received it. Nearly every general officer in the Army of the Potomac has heard Burnside make the boast. I believe I wrote you that Hooker had mentioned the subject
army corps and part of another, under Major-General Sedgwick, in his front. The brigades of Kersharther to reenforce the troops in front of General Sedgwick, in order, if possible, to drive him acronderson and Early moved forward and drove General Sedgwick's troops rapidly before them across the pfect. The next morning it was found that General Sedgwick had made good his escape, and removed hisd our rear no longer threatened. But, as General Sedgwick had it in his power to recross, it was de's Ford, reported two corps, under command of Sedgwick. The commanding General decided to hold Hook and detach enough of other forces to turn on Sedgwick. The success of this strategy enabled him agon and McLaws were detached to drive back General Sedgwick. Several advances of the enemy's skirmiscasionally opened a heavy fire of artillery. Sedgwick having been demolished, the enemy recrossed othe plank road from Fredericksburg, under General Sedgwick. Meeting General Wilcox, with his brigad[2 more...]
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