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miral Porter would expect me to return when I found that no other boat was sent below. I kept the bunkers of the Indianola filled with coal, and would have sunk what remained in the barges, but knowing that if another boat was sent below Vicksburgh, I would be expected to supply her with coal, I concluded to hold on to the barges as long as possible. In consequence of having the barges alongside, we could make but slow progress against the tide; the result of which was, I did not reach Grand Gulf until the morning of the twenty-fourth of the same month, at which point, and at others above, we were fired on by parties on shore. As I knew that it would be as much as I could do to get past the Warrenton batteries before daylight the next morning, I returned the fire of but one party. About half-past 9 P. M., on the twenty-fourth of the same month, the night being very dark, four boats were discovered in chase of us. I immediately cleared for action, and as soon as all preparations
t Old Blizzard was about. The Register little thought that it was only thirty-five brave fellows whom its terrified imagination had converted into one thousand five hundred Yankees. The Sixth and Seventh Illinois, under command of Colonel Grierson, left Hazlehurst at seven P. M., (the Sixth Illinois in advance,) passed through Gallatin and encamped near that place. A thirty-two pounder rifled Parrott gun, with one thousand four hundred pounds of powder, was here captured, en route to Grand Gulf. The distance travelled this day was thirty-seven miles. 28th.--They left camp at seven o'clock. At Hardgrove's, companies A, H, F, and M, were detailed, under command of Captain Trafton, to proceed to Bahala and destroy the railroad and transportation. The Sixth Illinois had a skirmish with some rebel cavalry, near Union Church, in which two of the enemy were wounded, and some prisoners taken. They camped at Union Church. Distance marched that day thirty miles. They left camp at
Doc. 179.-attack on Grand Gulf, Miss. Admiral Porter's report. Mississippi Squadron, flag-ship Benton, below Grand Gulp, April 29, 1863. sir: I had thenor of sending you a telegraph announcing that we had fought the batteries at Grand Gulf for five hours and thirty-five minutes, with partial success. Grand Gulf hasGrand Gulf has been very strongly fortified since Admiral Farragut went down, to prevent his coming up again, and four (some of very heavy guns) are placed at the distance of a quan. Gideon Welles, Secretary of Navy. A National account. near Grand Gulf, Mississippi, Wednesday, April 29, 1863. This day, which a year ago was signaliz the war. The long-promised, and, as some think, too long delayed attack upon Grand Gulf by our naval flotilla commenced at eight o'clock this morning, all seven of the troops, at a late hour in the afternoon, are on the march to a point below Grand Gulf, on the Louisiana side, from which, it is reported, ported, they are to be fe
s for the purpose of aiding in the attack on Grand Gulf; and on the twenty-ninth, witnessed the brilt the time that a battle would take place at Grand Gulf, the horses of all officers, excepting thosed at Bruensburgh Landing, Mississippi, below Grand Gulf, and at three o'clock P. M., took up our lind been disturbed by the bursting shells from Grand Gulf, which vainly endeavored to sink our transpoan one thousand prisoners, the possession of Grand Gulf, and a firm foothold on the highlands betweeh from Milliken's Bend to the point opposite Grand Gulf was made in stormy weather, over the worst oal Bowen's object in leaving his position at Grand Gulf, on the south side of the Big Black, and cro the Big Black. Saturday night the works at Grand Gulf were abandoned, after dismounting and destroance. As we look upon it, the position at Grand Gulf was only of strategic importance so long as en, and a division of our forces for holding Grand Gulf is no longer necessary. Its abandonment wil[1 more...]
Doc. 184.-capture of Grand Gulf, Mississippi. Admiral D. D. Porter's report. flag-ship Benton, Grand Gulf, Miss., May 3, 1863. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy: sir: I have the honor to report, that I got under way this morniGrand Gulf, Miss., May 3, 1863. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy: sir: I have the honor to report, that I got under way this morning with the Lafayette, Carondelet, Mound City, and Pittsburgh, and proceeded up to the forts at Grand Gulf for the purpose of attacking them again, if they had not been abandoned. The enemy had left before we got up, blowing up their ammunition, spGrand Gulf for the purpose of attacking them again, if they had not been abandoned. The enemy had left before we got up, blowing up their ammunition, spiking their large guns, and burying or taking away the lighter ones. The armament consisted of thirteen guns in all. The works are of the most extensive kind, and would seem to defy the efforts of a much heavier fleet than the one which silenced thed a hard fight for these forts, and it is with real pleasure that I report that the navy holds the door to Vicksburgh. Grand Gulf is the strongest place on the Mississippi. Had the enemy succeeded in finishing the fortifications, no fleet could hav
Doc. 187.-capture of Alexandria, Miss. Despatch of Admiral Porter. Mississippi Squadron, flag-ship General Price, Grand Gulf, Miss., May 12. sir: I have the honor to inform you, from Alexandria, of the capture of that place and the forts defending the approaches to the city, by the naval force under my command. Twenty-four hours after we arrived the advance-guard of United States troops came into the city, and General Banks arriving soon after, I turned the place over to his keeping. The water beginning to fall, I deemed it prudent to return with the largest vessels to the mouth of the Red River. I dropped down to Forts De Russy in the Benton, and undertook to destroy these works. I only succeeded, however, in effectually destroying the three heavy casemates commanding the channel, and a small water-battery for two guns. About six hundred yards below it I also destroyed by bursting one heavy thirty-two pounder and some gun-carriages left in their hurry by the enemy.
an exact copy of all Southern burgs of its size. It is the county-seat of Hinds County, and contains a population (in peace times) of about one thousand five hundred. It is distant eighteen miles from Jackson, and eight from the Jackson and Vicksburgh Railroad, with which it is connected by a branch road. Of course we did not expect to find Unionists in a Mississippi village, and were, therefore, not disappointed at the coolness of our reception in Raymond. We obtained Jackson papers of the eleventh (the day previous) in the town, and were a little amused and a good deal instructed, to learn by them that the Yankees had been whipped at Grand Gulf and Port Gibson, and were falling back to seek protection from their gunboats. We were told by the citizens that the confederates had fallen back only a couple of miles, and would give us a big battle when we advanced upon them; that Gregg had been strongly reenforced, and would prevent us from reaching the railroad at all hazards.
Doc. 194.-capture of Haines's Bluff. Acting Admiral Porter's report. flag-ship Black Hawk, Haines's Bluff, Yazoo River, Wednesday, May 20, 1863. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington: on the morning of the fifteenth I came over to the Yazoo to be ready to cooperate with General Grant. Leaving two of the iron-clads at Red River, one at Grand Gulf, one at Carthage, three at Warrenton, and two on the Yazoo, left me a small force; still I disposed of them to the best advantage. On the eighteenth, at Meridian, firing was heard in the rear of Vicksburgh, which assured me that General Grant was approaching the city. The cannonading was kept up furiously for some time, when, by the aid of glasses, I discerned a company of our artillery advancing, taking position, and driving the rebels before them. I immediately saw that General Sherman's division had come on to the left of Snyder's Bluff, and that the rebels at that place had been cut off from joining the
the morning of the second, you were the first to enter Port Gibson, and to hasten the retreat of the enemy from the vicinity of that place. During the ensuing night, as a consequence of the victory at Port Gibson, the enemy spiked his guns at Grand Gulf, and evacuated that place, retiring upon Vicksburgh and Edwards's Station. The fall of Grand Gulf was solely the result of the victory achieved by the land forces at Port Gibson. The armament and public stores captured there, are but just troGrand Gulf was solely the result of the victory achieved by the land forces at Port Gibson. The armament and public stores captured there, are but just trophies of that victory. Hastening to bridge the south branch of the Bayou Pierre, at Port Gibson, you crossed on the morning of the third, and pushed on to Willow Springs, Big Sandy, and the main crossing of Fourteen Mile Creek,four miles from Edwards's Station. A detachment of the enemy was immediately driven away from the crossing, and you advanced, passed over, and rested during the night of the twelfth within threat miles of the enemy, in large force at the Station. On the morning of t
to send one army corps to Bayou Sara by the twenty-fifth of May, and asking that I should then send all the troops I could spare to Vicksburg, after the reduction of Port Hudson. To both of these plans I consented, and answered, that we could supply them from New Orleans, and that this force would insure the capture of Port Hudson. But I was afterward informed by a despatch, dated Auburn, May tenth, which I received May twelfth, that he had crossed the Mississippi, landing his forces at Grand Gulf, and was then in close pursuit of the enemy, under such circumstances that he could not retrace his steps, nor send me the forces he had contemplated, and requesting me to join his command at Vicksburg. This change in his plans was a cause of serious embarrassment. There were three courses open to my command: first, to pursue the enemy to Shreveport, which would be without public advantage, as his army had been captured or completely routed; second, to join General Grant at Vicksburg; an
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