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Τιμόμαχος). A distinguished Byzantine painter who lived in the time of Iulius Caesar. The latter purchased two of his pictures, the Aiax and Medea, for the immense sum of eighty Attic talents (nearly $90,000), and dedicated them in the Temple of Venus Genetrix (Pliny , Pliny H. N. vii. 126Pliny H. N., xxxv. 136). It is held by many critics that Timomachus belonged to the Alexandrine Period of Greek art, and that Pliny was mistaken in supposing that the pictures which Caesar bought were painted in Caesar's time.

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